Nakhtmin

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Nakhtmin
Born Akhmim, Upper Egypt
Title Great overseer of troops, overseer of the troops of the lord of the two lands, overseer oftroops, the true servant who is beneficial to his lord, the king's scribe
the servant beloved of his lord
the fan-bearer on the right-hand of the king
the servant who causes to live the name of his lord
Religion Ancient Egyptian
N35
M3
Aa1 X1
R22
R12
C8
Nakhtmin
in hieroglyphs

Nakhtmin held the position of generalissimo during the reign of Pharaoh Tutankhamun of the eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt. His titles during the reign of Tutankhamun included "the true servant who is beneficial to his lord, the king's scribe", "the servant beloved of his lord", "the fan-bearer on the right-hand of the king", and "the servant who causes to live the name of his lord." [1] These titles were found on five ushabtis that Nakhtmin offered as funerary presents for Pharaoh Tutankhamun.[2]

He was the heir to the throne during the reign of the Pharaoh Ay though he never became a pharaoh. It is assumed that he died towards the end of the reign of Ay (when he seemingly vanished from all records) and Horemheb, the designated heir of Tutankhamun, became pharaoh instead.[1][3]

Crown Prince[edit]

Nakhtmin may have been the son of Pharaoh Ay, his mother being known from a statue to be the 'Adoratrix of Min, Songstress of Isis' Iuy. She is thought to be Ay's first wife, and could therefore be the mother of Nefertiti and Mutnodjmet. Nakhtmin appears to have been the chosen successor to Ay, but died before he could succeed. On a beautiful statue of Nakhtmin and his wife in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Nakhtmin was identified as the son-in-law of the king. This title could be completed as the son of the king of his own body which would make him the son of Ay, or it could be completed as the son of the king of Kush. There is no record of a Viceroy of Kush by the name of Nakhtmin, and it seems that the nobleman Paser was Viceroy during that time period. This has led to the identification of Nakhtmin as Ay's son.[3]

The statue with the inscription has suffered extensive damage. Only two pieces remain, the head and shoulders of Nakhtmin and the upper part of the body and head of his wife. Both statues look as though the eyes, nose and mouth have been deliberately damaged. This has been interpreted as some form of persecution even after death.[4] His stelae—which had been set up at his (and Ay's) native city of Akhmim—were defaced.[5] It is assumed that his tomb, which was never discovered, has been given the same treatment as that of Ay.[1]

Another man called Nakhtmin was married to Mutemnub, the sister of Ay's wife Tey. They had a son named Ay, who was High Priest of Mut and Second Prophet of Amun.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c James Roger Black "The Instruction of Amenemope: A critical edition and commentary, prolegomenon and prologue" University of Wisconsin–Madison 2006
  2. ^ Howard Carter "The Tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amen, Discovered by the Late Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter" New York: Cooper Square Publishers, 1963
  3. ^ a b Wolfgang Helck "Urkunden der 18. Dynastie: Texte der Hefte" Berlin: Akademie-Verlag 1984
  4. ^ The Egyptian Museum Cairo: Official Catalogue, items 195-196.
  5. ^ Christiane Desroches-Noblecourt "Tutankhamen: Life and Death of a Pharaoh" New York: N. Y. Graphic Society 1963
  6. ^ Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson (2004) ISBN 0-500-05128-3 pp.144-145,154,156