Naksa Day

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An activist demonstrating in Beit Ommar to commemorate Naksa Day.

Naksa Day (5 June 1967) (Arabic: يوم النكسة‎, Yawm an-Naksa, meaning "day of the setback") is the annual day of commemoration for the Palestinian people of the displacement that accompanied Israel's victory in the 1967 Six-Day War. As a result of the war, Israel took control of the Palestinian-populated West Bank and Gaza Strip, which were previously annexed by Jordan and controlled by Egypt, respectively.[1]

The first displacement, known as the Nakba, took place during and after the 1948 Palestine war. It is marked annually on Nakba Day on May 15.

2011 Naksa Day demonstrations[edit]

Following the 2011 Nakba Day demonstrations on May 15 in which violence ensued resulting in 15 Palestinian deaths during border clashes as well as an Israeli death in Tel Aviv, activists organized further demonstrations for Naksa Day on June 5, 2011.

While Lebanon banned activists from approaching the border, Palestinian demonstrators once again rushed the Syrian border with Israel near Quneitra and Majdal Shams. Earlier that morning, Palestinians from the suburbs of Damascus were reportedly bused into the area and massed the border without interference from Syrian troops.[2]

External video
"20 reported dead as IDF fires at crowds storming Israel-Syria border"RT[3]

Despite warnings from the IDF not to cross the frontier into Israel, the activists ignored their calls and crossed the Syrian border fence. According to the IDF, when the demonstrators did not stop, Israeli forces shot at their lower bodies. While the IDF reported 12 known injuries, Syrian television claimed 23 activists were killed and 350 wounded.[2][4]

An Israeli official stated that it was clear that the Syrian government "gave the green light for the protesters to move toward the border, and contrasted this with the situation on Sunday in Lebanon, where the border was quiet." He said the clashes served as a means for the Syrian government to distract from its own domestic problems, namely the Syrian Civil War.[2] In response the United States Department of State said that it was "troubled" by the loss of life,[5] but Israel has the right to defend its sovereign borders.[6] Israel has not legally defined its sovereign borders.[7] Syrian-State-owned newspaper published an article warning Israel that 600,000 Syrian refugees march "to their villages and fields, from which they were removed by the occupation of the Golan Heights.".[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mohammed Zaatari (31 May 2011). "Army may prevent June 5 protesters reaching border fence". The Daily Star. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Yaakov Lappin and Herb Keinon (5 June 2011). "IDF rebuffs ‘Naksa’ rioters trying to cross Syrian border". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  3. ^ "20 reported dead as IDF fires at crowds storming Israel-Syria border". RT (TV network). 5 June 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  4. ^ "Israeli army on alert for second day along border with Syria". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 6 June 2011. 
  5. ^ "Golan: Israel troops fire on pro-Palestinian protesters". BBC. 5 June 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "US on Naksa clashes: Israel has right to defend itself". Jerusalem Post. 6 June 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "The Legacy of Undefined Borders". The Institute for National Security Studies at Tel Aviv University. 5 June 2002. Retrieved 10 June 2011. 
  8. ^ http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4079466,00.html