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Nalagarh is a city and a municipal committee in Solan district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It was the seat of the eponymous princely state during the British Raj, and known in medieval period as the state of Hindur. It was founded by the Chandella Rajputs in 1100 AD. At present Nalagarh is an emerging town for industries as it hosts production units for leather, steel, chemicals, thread mills and breweries; thus air pollution is quite a concern here. It is situated at 65 km distance from nearby major city Chandigarh. It has further been reduced to about 45 km after the opening of Chandigarh Siswan road.
Nalagarh is a gateway to Himachal Pradesh in North India, 300 km of north Delhi and 60 km from Chandigarh. The Fort which was built in 1421 during the reign of Raja Bikram Chand is located on a hillock at the foothills of the mighty Himalayas affording a panoramic view of the Shivalik hills beyond the Sirsa river.
In the early twentieth century, Nalagarh was one of the Simla hill states, under the government of the Punjab. The country was overrun by the Gurkhas for some years before 1815, when they were driven out by the British, and the raja was confirmed in possession of the territory. Grain and opium have, in the past, been main agricultural products.
Nalagarh was ruled by the Chandela Rajputs who originated from Chanderi in the Bundelkhand region of central India. Various other rajputs then inhabited this place including Tomara, Rathore, Parmar, Pawar, Panwar, Chauhan, Bais. Many have now stayed back as farmers in the Chikni Sirsa Valley
Fort Nalagarh surrounded by endless acres of greenery, with all modern amenities is an ideal retreat away from the madding crowd of metropolitan cities.
Currently Shri K.L. Thakur is the M.L.A.(B.J.P.) of nalagarh constituency who won by a huge margin of 9308 votes defeating congress candidate Shri Lakhwinder Rana in the assembly elections whose results were declared on 20th of December.
Nalagarh is a Semi Hilly Area. While the summers are hot and dry Winters are Dry and wet. Summers temperature does reach 45 degrees celsius, also it could be Humid, Which Make "Feel Temperature" at 50 degrees celsius. During rainy season strong winds are experienced. Yet Nalagarh Physically belongs to Himachal Pradesh but Look and feel of it is mostly like Punjab.More than 80% people are Punjabi. It is a town Which is close to Pinjore in Haryana, to Ropar in Punjab. The averrage annual rainfall is 600mm. During the year 2007 it has gone up to 1250mm. The soil strata contains mixed layers of clay soil, river pebbles and coarse sand in layers of 2m to 3m.
As of 2001[update] India census, Nalagarh had a population of 9433. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Nalagarh has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 72%. In Nalagarh, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Language spoken here is mainly Punjabi.Nalgarh is a municipal council which have 9 wards.Nalagarh area touches the areas of Ropar and Anandpur Sahib of Punjab. Distance of various cities and towns from Nalagarh :
Jalandhar : 120km
Ludhiana : 86km
Patiala : 98km
Hoshiarpur : 111km
Ropar : 20km
Kiratpur Sahib : 20km
Anandpur Sahib : 31km
Chamkaur Sahib : 35km
Chandigarh(via Siswan) : 40km
Chandigarh(via Pinjore) : 64km
Chandigarh(via Ropar) : 62km
Baddi : 17km
Naina Devi : 61km
Shimla : 127km
Solan : 83km
Pinjore : 35km
Panchkula : 50km
Kalka : 33km
Nalagarh is growing with many variety of industries, as nearby grown industry area Baddi is over flowing. Some of the major industries are GPI textiles,Drish, Godrej Hershey Ltd, TVS Motors Sara textiles etc. The full list of Industries including baddi & barotiwala region can be found on Nalagarh Industrial Directory
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.