Nalanda district

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Nalanda district
नालंदा जिला
District of Bihar
Location of Nalanda district in Bihar
Location of Nalanda district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Patna
Headquarters Bihar Sharif
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Nalanda
Area
 • Total 2,367 km2 (914 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 28,72,523
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 66.41 (M=77.11; F=54.76)
 • Sex ratio 921 (2011)
Major highways NH 31, NH 82, NH 110
Website Official website

Nalanda district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Bihar Sharif town is the administrative headquarters of this district. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[1]

History[edit]

Nalanda became a fully-fledged district when it was split from Patna in 1976.[2]

Geography[edit]

Nalanda district occupies an area of 2,355 square kilometres (909 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Cornwall Island.[4]

Nalanda district is a part of Patna Division.

Rivers: Phalgu, Mohane,Jirayan,Kumbhari

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Nalanda district has a population of 2,872,523,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[6] or the US state of Kansas.[7] This gives it a ranking of 134th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 1,220 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,200 /sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.18 %.[5] Nalanda has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 66.41 %.[5]

Economy[edit]

A newly setup Ordnance Factory, one of the 41 Indian Ordnance Factories has been set up by the Ministry of Defence, Government of India to manufacture artillery shells at Nalanda.[8][9] In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nalanda one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[10] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[10]

Divisions[edit]

Sub Divisions: 3 - Bihar Sharif, Rajgir, Hilsa
Blocks: 20 - Giriyak, Rahui, Ajaypur Noorsarai, Harnaut, Chandi (Nalanda), Islampur (Nalanda), Rajgir, Asthawan, Sarmera, Hilsa, Biharsharif, Ekangarsarai, Bena, Nagarnausa, Karai Parsarai, Silao, Parwalpur, Katrisarai, Bind, Tharthari

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1978 Nalanda district became home to the Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 36 km2 (13.9 sq mi).[11]

Current status[edit]

Nalanda district is fast developing and the ancient ruins of ancient nalanda university attracts tourists from all over world, especially from Asian COUNTRIES And it contributes to the national treasury also it provides employment to many people of surrounding areas and also gives boost to small shops around it.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Districts of India". 
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Cornwall Island 2,358km2" 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est" 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Kansas 2,853,118" 
  8. ^ http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2006-01-16/india/27829660_1_ordnance-factory-denel-nitish-kumar
  9. ^ http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/government-and-policy/ofb-nalanda-to-develop-indigenous-artillery-shells/article3342557.ece
  10. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  11. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°12′00″N 85°31′12″E / 25.20000°N 85.52000°E / 25.20000; 85.52000