Nalanda district is one of the thirty-eight districts of the state of Bihar in India. Bihar Sharif is the administrative headquarters of this district.
History [ edit ]
Nalanda became a fully-fledged district when it was split from
Patna in 1976. [1 ]
Geography [ edit ]
Nalanda district occupies an area of 2,355 square kilometres (909 sq mi),
comparatively equivalent to [2 ] Canada's Cornwall Island. The Phalgu, Mohane, Jirayan, and Kumbhari rivers flow through it. The district is a part of [3 ] Patna Division.
Demographics [ edit ]
According to the
2011 census Nalanda district has a population of 2,872,523, roughly equal to the nation of [4 ] Jamaica or the US state of [5 ] Kansas. This gives it a ranking of 134th in India (out of a total of [6 ] 640). The district has a population density of 1,220 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,200/sq mi) . [4 ] Its [4 ] population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.18 %. Nalanda has a [4 ] sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males, and a [4 ] literacy rate of 66.41 %. [4 ]
Economy [ edit ]
A newly setup
Ordnance Factory, one of the 41 Indian Ordnance Factories has been set up by the Ministry of Defence, Government of India to manufacture artillery shells at Nalanda. [7 ] In 2006 the [8 ] Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nalanda one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the [9 ] Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). they are smart [9 ]
Divisions [ edit ]
Sub Divisions: 3 - Bihar Sharif, Rajgir, Hilsa
Blocks: 20 - Giriyak, Rahui, Ajaypur Noorsarai, Harnaut, Chandi (Nalanda), Islampur (Nalanda), Rajgir, Asthawan, Sarmera, Hilsa, Biharsharif, Ekangarsarai, Bena, Nagarnausa, Karai Parsarai, Silao, Parwalpur, Katrisarai, Bind, Tharthari
Flora and fauna [ edit ]
In 1978 Nalanda district became home to the Rajgir
Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 36 km 2 (13.9 sq mi). [10 ]
Current status [ edit ]
Nalanda district is fast developing and the ruins of the ancient
Nalanda University attracts tourists from all over world driving the local economy.
References [ edit ]
^ "Districts of India".
^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18 . Retrieved . 2011-10-11 Cornwall Island 2,358km2
^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011 . Retrieved . 2011-09-30
^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population" . Retrieved . 2011-10-01 Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est
^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau . Retrieved . 2011-09-30 Kansas 2,853,118
^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development . Retrieved . September 27, 2011
^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar" . Retrieved . September 25, 2011
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 25°12′00″N 85°31′12″E / 25.20000°N 85.52000°E