|District of Telangana|
Location in Telangana, India
|• Official||Telugu, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Coastline||0 kilometres (0 mi)|
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Telangana rebellion history
- 4 Geography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Divisions
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Places Of interest
- 9 Trivia
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Nalgonda was earlier referred to as Neelagiri, the name given by some Rajput rulers and the name was changed to Nallagonda only after its conquest by Allauddin Bahaman Shah, a Bahamani king.
Telangana rebellion history
It has a major role in the Telangana Rebellion. Much of the struggle revolves round Nalgonda and Warangal districts alone and later spread to other regions as well. Almost all the villages in the district were involved in this. the movement was led by Andhra Maha Sabha and Communists. Martial law was imposed in the Dist. in 1946. Many people were killed by Razakars or by feudal lords and Nizam's armies. Some 3000–5000 villages were liberated and self-governing bodies were formed. Lands were distributed among the poor. Many feudal landlords " Jagirdaars " were killed or ripped of their properties. Battles raged between Communists and Razakars (and Nizam's armies). Finally this ended with Indian Forces "Police Action" and Telangana along with Hyderabad state is merged into Indian Union.
Many leaders like Bheemireddy Narasimha Reddy, Raavi Narayana Reddy, Mallu Swarajyam (woman revolutionary) and her husband, Arutla Ramachandra Reddy and his wife, poets like Bandi Yadagiri, Suddala Hanumanthu, etc. played an important role in the movement.
The district's (peoples) part in the rebellion is even immortalized in the poetry of the Movement which were popular then. These were used as a means to enlighten the common people about the revolt and its leaders. One such poem by Bandi Yadagiri (Venkepally Village Nuthankal Mandal), who penned the famous song " బండెనుక బండి కట్టి… ".
'సుట్టుముట్టూ సూర్యపేట, నట్టనడుమ నల్లగొండ నువ్వుండేది హైద్రబాదు దాని పక్క గోలుకొండ'..
Towns in the district include: Aleru, Bhongir, Bhoodan Pochampally, Chityal, Choutuppal, Devarakonda, Huzurnagar, Kanegal, Kattangur, Kodada, Miryalaguda, Mothkur, Nakrekal, Nalgonda, Narketpally, Rajapet, Ramannapeta, Suryapet and Yadagirigutta.
Clean drinking water, water supply for irrigation and educational facilities for all are perhaps the most important problems Nalgonda faces right now.
Parada village under Kattangur Mandal was suffering due to drinking water; almost all the villages were supplied with water from Krishna except this village.
In 2006 the Indian government named Nalgonda one of the country's 250 poorest districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the nine districts in Telangana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
- Irrigation projects
- Major crops
|1 Bommala Ramaram||2 Turkapally||3 Rajapet|
|4 Yadagirigutta||5 Alair||6 Gundala|
|7 Tirumalagiri||8 Thungathurthy||9 Noothankal|
|10 Atmakur (S)||11 Jajireddigudem||12 Saligowraram|
|13 Mothkur||14 Atmakur (M)||15 Valigonda|
|16 Bhongir||17 Bibinagar||18 Pochampally|
|19 Choutuppal||20 Ramannapeta||21 Chityal|
|22 Narketpally||23 Kattangur||24 Nakrekal|
|25 Kethepally||26 Suryapet||27 Chivemla|
|28 Mothey||29 Nadigudem||30 Munagala|
|31 Penpahad||32 Vemulapally||33 Thipparthy|
|34 Nalgonda||35 Munugode||36 Narayanapur|
|37 Marriguda||38 Chandur||39 Kanagal|
|40 Nidamanoor||41 Tripuraram||42 Miryalaguda|
|43 Garidepally||44 Chilkur||45 Kodad|
|46 Mellachervu||47 Huzurnagar||48 Mattampally|
|49 Neredcherla||50 Damercherla||51 Anumula|
|52 Peddavoora||53 P.A.Pally||54 Gurrampode|
|55 Nampally||56 Chintapally||57 Devarakonda|
|58 [[Gundlapally||59 Chandampet |
In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1236 households in 43 villages across the district. They found that 90.4% had access to electricity, 97% had drinking water, 29.1% toilet facilities, and 45.1% lived in a pucca (permanent) home. 37.5% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 87% of interviewees carried a BPL card.
According to the 2011 census Nalgonda district has a population of 3,483,648, roughly equal to the nation of Panama or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 88th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 245 inhabitants per square kilometre (630/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 7.26%. Nalgonda has a sex ratio of 982 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 65.05%.
Places Of interest
Some of the Places for catching the attention of Tourists in the District are:
Yadagiri Gutta, which is the most devotional place in Nalgonda is located near Bhuvanagiri Town. It is close to Hyderabad, the capital city and the APSRTC runs many buses to the temple town from Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station. The temple draws huge crowds, especially during vacations and on weekends. This is the Place of worship of Lord Laxmi Narasimha Swami.
World's largest masonry dam This is famous Dam in south India with 26 gates and a Hydroelectric plant. The place also hosts waterfalls called 'Ethipothala' and Gowthama Buddha Museum.
Bhuvanangiri Fort was built by Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI on an isolated rock. The Bala Hisar or citadel on the top of the hill gives a bird's eye view of the neighbouring area. The fort is associated with the herioc queen Rudramadevi and her grandson Prataparudra's rule.
Samsthan Rajapeta Fort
Rajapeta Fort was built by a King named Raja Rayanna in the year of 1775 during Kakatiya Dynasty and called as Gadi in Nizam period. This Fort of Rajapeta Samsthan having the History of 250 years, the Fort is combination of Glass buildings, Internal Roads, Gardens and Huge Walls called as BURJ.
For more details about Rajapeta Samsthan visit www.rajapeta.com
PillalaMarri is one of the oldest Lord Shiva temples which is considered to be 1000 years old. Pillalamarri, being the birthplace of the famous Telugu poet Pillamarri Pina Virabhadrudu, is not only historically but also culturally and religiously significant.
One of the famous devotional places in Telangana is also in Nalgonda dist. The Yogananda Narasimha Swami temple is located here.
Sri Jain Mandir, Kolanupaka
The Jain Shrine at Kolanupaka village, near Aler town is more than 2000 years old. This holy temple has three holy idols of Lord Adinath, Lord Neminath and ord Mahaveera and 21 other "Theerthankaras". It is very recently renovated by more than 150 artisans from Gujarat and Rajasthan.
A village near Nalgonda. There are several ancient temples built under the reign of the Kakatiya, Reddy and Velama kings. There is an archeological museum which has several interesting artifacts.
This is famous for its bridge and also called 'Triveni sangamam'(Confluence) where three rivers Godavari, Krishna and Musi meet.people come to this place for immersing the aasthikalu of people who are dead.
This village is about 18 km South of Suryapet, on banks of the Musi river, famous for its temples. There are two Ancient temples (Trilingeswara Aalayam (Shivalayam) and Veerabhadreswara Aalayam) in this village, founded by the "Reddy Rajas" in the Kakatiya's era...They got the amazing art and beautiful sculptures carved on the black stone....These two temples are similar to the Warangal's "Thousand pillar temple"...and Pillalamarri Temple. These templeas are famous for Every year SHIVARATHRI 'Jatara' too.