Nalini Bala Devi
|Nalini Bala Devi
Statue at Paltan Bazar, Guwahati
|Born||23 March 1898
|Died||24 December 1977|
|Notable work(s)||Sondhiyara Sur
|Notable award(s)||Sahitya Akademi Award
Nalini Bala Devi (23 March 1898– December 24, 1977) was a noted Indian writer and poet of Assamese literature, known for nationalistic as well as mystical poetry. She was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1957 for her contribution to literature, and 1968 she won the Sahitya Akademi Award given by Sahitya Akademi (India's National Academy of Letters) for her poetry collection Alakananda.
Early life and career
She was born in Guwahati in 1898, Assam. Her father, Karmaveer Nabin Chandra Bordoloi (1875-1936), was a famous Assamese Indian freedom movement activist and writer. She wrote her first poem, Pita at age 10, and was married at age 12, but tragedy also struck early, when her husband, Jeeveshwar Changkakoti,died when she was only 19. She also lost two of her sons early in her life. These tragic incidents in life however could not break her down and she started writing poems, with emotion, tragedy, patriotism and devotion as central themes, which are still acclaimed in Assamese literature.
Her other works includes Alakananda, Sopunar Sur (Melody of Dreams),Porosh Moni,Yuga Devata (Hero of the Age),Shesh Puja(The last worship), Parijator Abhishek, Prahlad, Meghdut, Suravi,Rooprekha, Shantipath (Essay anthology), Sheshor Sur (The last Melody) and etc.
Smritir Tirtha (Biography on her father), Biswadeepa (A collection of biographies of famous women), Eri oha Dinbur (The Days Passed, Autobiography), Sardar Vallavbhai Patel are some of her biographical works.
In 1950, she established Sadou Asom Parijat Kanan which later become famous as Moina Parijat, the children organisation in Assam. She had to her credit one drama titled Meerabai .
- Sandhiyar Sur (Evening Melody, 1928)
- Sopunar Sur (Melody of Dreams, 1943)
- Smritir Tirtha (Biography, 1948)
- Paroshmoni (Touchstone, 1954)
- Jagriti (Awakening, 1962)
- Alakananda (1967)
Awards and recognition
She died on 24 December 1977, but is remembered in Assamese literature by the last four lines of her famous poem NaatGhar (The theatre)
....Kun Kar Jogotor / Kun Kar Moromor / Chokur Chinaki Dudinor // Sasimor Rooprekha /Asimot Bur Jabo / Khohi Gole Jori Moromor (Who's for whom in this world / Who's under whose care / Temporary acquaintances,eye-to-eye contacts these are with // Bounded facial outlines / That get dissolved in the infinite oblivion / If the thread of love that binds them snaps.)
- "An author & a trailblazer personality". The Telegraph. February 9, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
- Das, p. 197
- "Nalinibala Devi remembered". Assam Tribune. January 1, 2009. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
- Natrajan, p. 31
- Barua, p. 15
- Barua, p. 20
- "Sahitya Akademi Award year wise". Official listings, Sahitya Akademi website.
- "Padma Awards Directory (1954-2009)". Ministry of Home Affairs.
- Presidents of Asam Sahitya Sabha since 1917 Asam_Sahitya_Sabha website.
- Padmashree Nalini Bala Devi Girls’ Hostel Cotton College, Guwahati
- Das, Sisir Kumar (1995). History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Vol. 2. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9.
- Nalini Natarajan; Emmanuel Sampath Nelson (1996). Handbook of Twentieth-Century Literatures of India. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0313287783.
- Preeti Barua (2000). Nalinibala Devi. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 8126009160.