A schoolhouse in Namanga
|Province||Rift Valley Province|
Namanga is a town in Tanzania, lying on the border with Kenya. It is in Longido District, Rift Valley Province. It is around 110 kilometers from Arusha, Tanzania. Namanga's economy was heavily dependent on tourism until 2004 as tourists visiting the nearby Amboseli National Park passed through the town from Nairobi which is 183 kilometers from Namanga. The town is surrounded by hills from both the Tanzanian side and Kenya. Mount Kilimanjaro can be viewed from Namanga town which makes it a scenery place by tourists who lodge in Namanga on their way to either Tanzania or Amboseli. The nearby Ol Doinyo Orok mountain, also known as Namanga Hills is located northwest of Namanga town. Namanga's longitude is S 2°32'39.8" and longitude E 36°47'20.2". The town has an urban population of approximately 10,000 while the rural population is approximately 5,500.
The economy of Namanga has drastically been on the rise as it seized to depend only on tourism. The town is currently dependent on both tourism, import and export from both Kenya and Tanzania. With the opening of the East African Community borders, the town will benefit from market of both countries which according to the statistical bureau of Kenya will trigger a population growth of the town to an approximate of 30,000 population. With the recent investment by the financial institutions and the completion of the great north road, the town has grown economical especially in its infrastructure. This development has increased transport activities from the area as it triggered more importation of commodities from Tanzania to Kenya as it is assumed to be cheaper.
Namanga is a cosmopolitan town. Its population includes several tribes from all part of the country. Its main population is from the maasai community who occupy most of the parts in Namanga. The kikuyu communities are second in majority. This was catalyzed by the intermarriage between the maasai and the kikuyu. The rest of the population is occupied by other ethnicity groups which include the kamba, the cushites who are Somalis, borana and many other more communities. (1999 census ).
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