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Religions Sanatana Dharma
Languages Bengali
Populated States West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, U.P., North-East

Namasudra (also Namassej or Namassut) is the name of an Indian community originally from certain regions of Bengal, India. They were traditionally engaged in cultivation and as boatmen.[1] They lived outside the four-tier ritual varna system and thus were outcastes.[2]


The Namasudra community of Bengal tried to take advantage of the interest in the bhadralok movement of the late 19th- and early 20th-centuries in order to improve the way in which society perceived them.[3]

Community association[edit]

The Namassej Samaj Andolon claims to be a socio-political organisation that represents the community.[4]


  1. ^ Bose, N.K. (1994 revised ed.). The Structure Of Hindu Society. Orient Longman Limited. pp. 161–162. ISBN 81-250-0855-1. 
  2. ^ Rees, D. Ben, ed. (2002). Vehicles of Grace and Hope: Welsh Missionaries in India, 1800-1970. William Carey Library. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-87808-505-7. 
  3. ^ Chatterji, Joya (2002). Bengal Divided: Hindu Communalism and Partition, 1932-1947. Cambridge University Press. pp. 191–192. ISBN 9780521523288. 
  4. ^ "Home page". Namassej (Namasudra) Samaj. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]