NameBase is a web-based cross-indexed database of names that focuses on individuals involved in the international intelligence community, U.S. foreign policy, crime, and business. The focus is on the post-World War II era and on left of center, conspiracy theory, and espionage activities.
Founder Daniel Brandt began collecting clippings and citations pertaining to influential people and intelligence agents after becoming a member of the Students for a Democratic Society, an organization which opposed US foreign policy, in the 1970s. With the advent of personal computing, he developed a database which allowed subscribers to access the names of US intelligence agents.
In the 1980s, through his company Micro Associates, he sold subscriptions to this computerized database, under its original name, Public Information Research, Inc (PIR). At PIR's onset, Brandt was President of the newly formed non-profit corporation and investigative researcher, Peggy Adler, served as its Vice President. The material was described as "information on all sorts of spooks, military officials, political operators and other cloak-and-dagger types." He told The New York Times at the time that "many of these sources are fairly obscure so it's a very effective way to retrieve information on U.S. intelligence that no one else indexes." One research librarian calls it "a unique part of the 'Deep Web'", equally useful to investigative journalists and students.
By 1992, private citizens, news organizations, and universities all were using NameBase. In 1995, these efforts became the basis of the NameBase website. As of 2003, the database contained "over 100,000 names with over 260,000 citations drawn from books and serials with a few documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Act." The website is structured so that users can follow hyperlinked information "and thus uncover potential relationships or connections between individuals and groups". The way this is formatted on the website is referred to as a social network and, though the user has to click further to actually determine the relationship between names on a given social network, as they are not specifically listed, NameBase was described by Paul B. Kantor as being the "only web-based tool readily available for visualizing social networks of terrorism researchers."
On February 21, 2012, Betabeat.com reported that NameBase, along with several other of Brandt's websites, was no longer available to researchers due to attacks by hackers, but as of July 2012, the site is back up.
- "NameBase tracks lesser-known political players". Online magazine 20 (5): pp74. Sept-Oct 1996.
- Daniel Brandt (December 1992), "An Incorrect Political Memoir", Lobster-magazine.co.uk (24)
- Morley, Jefferson; Corn, David (November 7, 1988). "Beltway Bandits: Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spywatcher". The Nation. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- Gerth, Jeff (October 6, 1987). "Washington Talk: The Study of Intelligence; Only Spies Can Find These Sources". New York Times. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- O'Hanlon, Nancy (May 23, 2005). The Right Stuff: Research Strategies for the Internet Age. Ohio State University Libraries. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- "Deadly Data". The Progressive (Madison, Wisconsin: Progressive, Inc) 56 (1): 14. January 1992. ISSN 0033-0736.
- Hand, Mark. "Searching for Daniel Brandt". CounterPunch (January 3, 2003). Retrieved 15 June 2007.
- Perrault, Anna H.; Ron Blazek (2003). United States History: A Multicultural, Interdisciplinary Guide to Information Sources. Westport, Connecticut; London: Libraries Unlimited. p. 35. ISBN 1-56308-874-6.
- Kantor, Paul B. (2005). Intelligence and security informatics. Springer. pp. 324–325. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
- Adrianne Jeffries (February 21, 2012). "Scroogle, Privacy-First Search Engine, Shuts Down for Good". Betabeat.com. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- Brandt, Daniel (2012-07-08). "CloudFlare Watch" (Press release). Cryptome. Retrieved 2012-07-08.