||It has been suggested that Naming scheme be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2012.|
A naming convention is a convention for naming things. The intent is to allow useful information to be deduced from the names based on regularities. For instance, in Manhattan, streets are numbered; with East-West streets called "Streets" and North-South streets called "Avenues".
Well-chosen naming conventions aid the casual user in navigating larger structures. Several areas where naming conventions are commonly used include:
- In computer programming, identifier naming conventions
- In the sciences, systematic names for a variety of things
- In astronomy, planetary nomenclature
- In classics, Roman naming conventions
- In industry, product naming conventions
- In humans, naming offspring
A naming convention may be followed when:
- Large corporate, university, or government campuses may name rooms within the buildings to help orient tenants and visitors.
- Shipping lines often use a distinct naming convention to make their ships more recognisable and their names easier to remember.
- Children's names may be alphabetical by birth order. In some Asian cultures, siblings commonly share a middle name. In many cultures the son is usually named after the father or grandfather. In other cultures, the name may include the place of residence. Roman naming convention denotes social rank.
- Products. Automobiles typically have a binomial name, a "make" (manufacturer) and a "model", in addition to a model year. Computers, and computer programs, often have increasing numbers in their names to signify the successive generations.
- School courses: an abbreviation for the subject area and then a number ordered by increasing level of difficulty.
- Virtually all organizations that assign names or numbers follow some convention in generating these identifiers (e.g. phone numbers, bank accounts, government IDs, credit cards, etc.).
- Database schema, Terminology and ontology creators apply a common set of labeling conventions for naming representational entities in their representational artefacts, i.e. conventions outlined or endorsed by a terminology regulatory bodies or policy providers such as ISO or the OBO Foundry.
- American Name Society Promote onomastics, the study of names and naming practices, both in the United States and abroad.
- Namingschemes.com A wiki dedicated to the education and sharing of naming schemes.
- Ontology Naming Conventions The application of unified labeling or naming conventions in termonology and ontology engineering will help to harmonize the appearance and increase the robustness of symbolic representational units such as ontologic class and relation names within the orthogonal set of OBO Foundry ontologies. A full free access paper with the naming conventions is accessible online under http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2105/10/125