|• Revised Romanization||Namwon-si|
Location in South Korea
|Administrative divisions||1 eup, 15 myeon, 7 dong|
|• Total||752.4 km2 (290.5 sq mi)|
Namwon (Namwon-si) is a city in North Jeolla Province, South Korea. Namwon is about 50 minutes from the provincial capital of Jeonju, which is almost three hours away from Seoul. The official city flower is Royal Azalea (철쭉) while the city tree is the crape-myrtle (배롱나무) and the city bird is the swallow (제비). Namwon is a small city located just outside of Jirisan National Park, which has the largest set of mountains on the South Korean Mainland. It also borders the Seomjin River, one of South Korea's more prominent rivers. It is 3 hours and 15 minutes from the Seoul Central City Bus Terminal (via direct bus) and about one hour from both the U-Square Bus Terminal in Gwangju and the Jeonju Inter City Bus Terminal (depending on traffic). It is called "the City of Love" because of the famous Korean love story of Chunhyang. Gwanghallu Garden is a shrine to this love story.
Namwon was founded in 685 during the reign of King Sinmun of Silla Kingdom. Namwon county was founded on April 1, 1895. The city suffered during the Siege of Namwon in 1597 which was part of the Imjin War. During the siege that lasted from August 13 to August 16 the only defenders against the Japanese army of 56,000 men were 3300 Korean and Chinese soldiers and 6000 women and children. In the end the Japanese found a way to enter the city and killed all the soldiers and civilians.
Namwon is located in a basin bordered by the Sobaek Mountains to the east and the Buheung Mountain Ridges to the west with the Yocheon River flowing through the city. Namwon is bordered by the counties of Imsil and Sunchang to the west, Jangsu to the north, Hamyang and Hadong in Gyeongsangnam-do to the east, and Gurye and Gokseong in Jeollanam-do to the south.
The average yearly temperature of Namwon is 12.3℃ with the average temperature in January being -1.4℃ and 25.2℃ in August. Due to its location in a mountainous basin with a high rate of precipitation, the climate of Namwon varies greatly. Winds in Namwon are usually weak and blow north to west in the winter and south to west in the summer. However, temperatures can sometimes (briefly) drop below -10℃ in January and wind chills making it feel as though it were below -15℃. These winds are part of a cold front that come down from Siberia for a very brief time. Temperatures in July can often reach 33℃, with the humidity making it feel as though it were in the 40's℃. The humidity over the Korean peninsula from June through September comes from south east Asia. Temperatures in spring (late April and through May) and fall (after September 25 and through October) are often in the mid 20's℃ and with low humidity. Summer is the best time to visit for those accustomed to hot climates or southern countries. Spring and, especially, fall are the best time to visit for those from northern countries. (From the end of September through October, the climate often takes on a Mediterranean feel and is a great time to visit many nearby mountains and rivers.)
|Climate data for Namwon (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||5.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−1.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−6.8
|Precipitation mm (inches)||31.2
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||8.4||7.1||8.3||7.7||8.9||9.8||14.9||15.5||8.4||5.9||7.1||7.3||109.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||157.5||175.0||203.0||222.1||223.5||182.9||159.0||176.4||181.2||197.6||162.7||156.0||2,199.3|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration|
Chunhyang festival that commemorates love and integrity of Chunhyang, started when Korean women entertainers had created a fund to have a ceremony for Chunhyang in 1931 when Korea was colonized by Japan. The festival is known as a festival for love through which the city of Namwon and the cultural assets of Chunhyang are promoted to the global community.
According to the legend, Chunhyang was a maiden who married. When her husband went away to take the official exam, a new governor came. The governor heard of Chunhyang's beauty and requested her. Chunhyang said she could not sleep with the governor because she was married and wanted to be chaste. The outraged governor ordered that Chunhyang was to be beaten. Chunhyang was put in prison. The young man passed the official exam and returned disguised as a begger. His job was to stop any immoral leaders in the government. When the man came home he arrested the immoral governor and rescued his wife. This story has a happy ending because the couple ended up together and Chunhyang was praised for being a faithful wife.
Chunhyang festival, one of the 10 most celebrated festivals in Korea, is not only participated by Koreans but also becomes more popular among foreigners. Miss Chunhyang Beauty Peasant and other events make the festival more memorable and fun for visitors.
The main bridge that crosses the river that runs through the middle of the city is lit up, and along the river bank there are vendors selling food and items of all kinds. The Chunhyang beauty contest can be entered by the most beautiful female residents, in Hanbok(traditional dress). Another event is the Chunhyang parade which runs through cordoned sections of the city along the river bank, and which comprises just about the entire complement of the city's mid-grade schoolgirls (numbering probably in the low hundreds) who are dressed in full chogori and carry musical instruments of some type, and who march in a very long line. There are also other parades of men and anyone else who is not a young girl may dress up in traditional dress and join the procession. The festival lasts four days and fireworks are launched every night.
For the rest of the year when the festival is not on, there is a small theme park dedicated to Chunhyang (Namwon Tourist Complex) complete with hypothetical dwellings and surroundings that someone like Chunhyang would have had (a mock house and yard). There are other sights in the park unrelated to Chunhyang such as a fish pond where visitors are free to feed the fish and some old-fashioned swings and horseshoe-style throwing games. Outside the park, along the river bank, there are also mini paddle boats that people can rent to traverse the small river.
Baraebong Royal Azalea Festival
From the end of April to mid May, Mt.Jiri is filled with their vivid red and pink flowers. Tourists can see crimson red flowers from the peak of Barae Bong of 1,165m down to Pal Rang Chi. There is a botanical garden and a herb valley nearby Barae Bong.
Namwon Herb Festival
Namwon Herb Festival, holds at Jirisan Mt. Herb Valley every spring and autumn, showcases many herbs that grow around Jirisan Mt.
Namwon is the setting of a Korean traditional novel named Heungbujeon(Story of Heungbu), and this festival is one of the most popular local events. Heungbu Festival opens on September 9 every year in lunar calendar to celebrate the friendship and love of a man named heungbu. Since the first festival held in 1993, it has offered various events including Heungbu theater, farm music competitions and food tasting event made with gourds.
Namwon 'The City of Love' has a lot to offer. It has a very clean environment surrounded by Jiri Mountain Jirisan National Park. Much of its local and traditional culture and nature have been preserved compared to other places in Korea.
- Chunhyang Theme Park
- Honbul Literary House
- Wanwoljeong Pavilion
- Gyoryongsanseong Fortress
- Korean Traditional Music Holy Grand
- Silsangsa Temple(Historic Site No.309)
- Hwangsan Battle Monument(Historic Site No.104)
- Manin Cemetery of Righteous Warriors (Historic Site No.272)
- Manbok Temple Site, constructed between 1046 and 1083 during the rule of King Munjong of Goryeo
- Gwanghallu Garden, a traditional garden that symbolizes the universe (commonly attributed to the Chunhyang story)