Nan'yō

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For the former Japanese mandated territory of Nanyo, see Nanyo (Japanese mandated territory).
Nanyo
南陽市
City
Nanyo City Hall
Nanyo City Hall
Flag of Nanyo
Flag
Official seal of Nanyo
Seal
Location of Nanyo in Yamagata Prefecture
Location of Nanyo in Yamagata Prefecture
Nanyo is located in Japan
Nanyo
Nanyo
 
Coordinates: 38°3′N 140°9′E / 38.050°N 140.150°E / 38.050; 140.150Coordinates: 38°3′N 140°9′E / 38.050°N 140.150°E / 38.050; 140.150
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Yamagata
Area
 • Total 169.70 km2 (65.52 sq mi)
Population (November 2013)
 • Total 32,747
 • Density 204/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Sakura
- Flower Chrysanthemum
Phone number 0238-40-3211
Address 436-1 Mitsumadori, Nanyō-shi, Yamagata-ken 999-2292
Website Official website

Nanyo (南陽市 Nan'yō-shi?) is a city in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of November 2013, the city has an estimated population of 32,747 and a population density of 204 persons per km². The total area is 160.70 square kilometres (62 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Nanyo is located in southern Yamagata Prefecture, with mountains to the north, east and west and the Mogami River forming its southern border.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Nanyo has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from August to October.

History[edit]

The area of present-day Nanyo was part of ancient Dewa Province. After the start of the Meiji period, the area became part of Higashiokitama District, Yamagata Prefecture. The English travel-writer Isabella Bird visited Akayu in 1878 and wrote about the town in Unbeaten Tracks in Japan. The modern city of Nanyo was established on April 1, 1967 by the merger of the former towns of Miyauchi and Akayu with the village of Wagō.

Akayu is famous for its hot springs, cherries and hang gliding and includes the former village of Nakagawa. Miyauchi is famous for its chrysanthemum festival and the Kumano-taisha Shrine, and includes the former villages of Urushiyama, Yoshino, and Kaneyama. The village of Wago was created in 1955 by the merger of the villages of Okigō and Ringō.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Nanyo is based on agriculture, light manufacturing, and tourism.[citation needed]

Wine[edit]

A cask of wine from the Sato Winery in Nanyo during the annual wine festival

Nanyo is home to the following three major wineries.

  • Sakai Winery[1]
  • Oura Winery[2]
  • Sato Winery[3]

In addition to the three wineries, Nanyo is also home to a sake brewery called Azuma no Fumoto (東の麓?).[4]

Education[edit]

High schools[edit]

  • Nanyō High School

Junior high schools[edit]

  • Akayu Junior High School
  • Miyauchi Junior High School
  • Okigō Junior High School

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Akayu Elementary School
  • Kotaki Elementary School (Closed in 2012)
  • Miyauchi Elementary School
  • Nakagawa Elementary School
  • Ogi Elementary School
  • Okigō Elementary School
  • Ringō Elementary School
  • Urushiyama Elementary School

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Highways[edit]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

  • Okitama Times[5]

Local attractions[edit]

Lake Hakuryuu, with a vineyard on the mountain in the background
  • Inarimori Burial Mound, Akayu
  • Akayu Onsen, Akayu
  • Nanyo Skypark, Akayu
  • Mount Eboshi, Akayu. Listed as one of the 100 cherry blossoms sights in Japan.
  • Toyotarō Yūki Memorial Museum, Akayu
  • Kumano Shrine, Miyauchi
  • Hygeia Park onsen complex, Miyauchi
  • The 33 Images of Buddha, Mt Iwabu, Nakagawa
  • Yuzuru no Sato Museum, Urushiyama
  • Chinzo-ji Temple, Urushiyama
  • Kuguri waterfall, Kotaki
  • Lake Hakuryuu, Akayu

Local events[edit]

Eboshiyama, one of the 100 best places to see the cherry blossoms in Japan
  • Eboshiyama park cherry blossom festival, Akayu, late April to early May
  • Sosho park rose festival, Miyauchi, June
  • Kumano-taisha festival, Miyauchi, 24–25 July
  • Grape picking, sightseeing vineyard, Akayu, August–October
  • Nanyo wine festival, Hygeia park, Miyauchi, August
  • Akayu onsen furosato festival, Akayu, second weekend of September
  • Chrysanthemum doll festival, Miyauchi, mid-October to mid-November

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Notable people from Nanyo[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]