Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin

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Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin
Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin

1563 – 1565
Preceded by Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin

1563 – 1565
Preceded by Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin
Succeeded by Francisco Jiménez

1557
With   Tomás de Aquino Yspopulac
Preceded by Miguel Sánchez Yscatl
Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin
Succeeded by Martín Cano
Pedro de la Cruz Tlapaltecatl

Died 1565

Don Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin was the last tlatoani ("king") of the Nahua altepetl of Tenochtitlan,[1] as well as its governor (gobernador) under the colonial Spanish system of government. The previous ruler Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin having died in 1562,[2] Nanacacipactzin was installed on September 30, 1563, and ruled until his death on December 27, 1565.[1]

With Nanacacipactzin's death, the rule of Tenochtitlan by dynastic tlatoque (plural of tlatoani) came to an end.[1] As governor, he was succeeded in 1568 by Francisco Jiménez, who was a native of Tecamachalco rather than Tenochtitlan.[3]

His Nahuatl name, Nanacacipactli (or Nanacacipactzin in the honorific form), literally means "mushroom alligator". It appears his birth name was simply Cipactli "alligator", and the "mushroom" element was added as a nickname.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, p. 175; vol. 2, p. 43.
  2. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, p. 175; vol. 2, p. 41.
  3. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): vol. 1, p. 177; vol. 2, p. 43.
  4. ^ Lockhart (1992): p. 118.

References[edit]

Chimalpahin Cuauhtlehuanitzin, Domingo Francisco de San Antón Muñón (1997). Codex Chimalpahin. ed. and trans. by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.  Invalid |name-list-format=scap (help)
Gibson, Charles (1964). The Aztecs Under Spanish Rule: A History of the Indians of the Valley of Mexico, 1519–1810. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.  Invalid |name-list-format=scap (help)
Lockhart, James (1992). The Nahuas After the Conquest: A Social and Cultural History of the Indians of Central Mexico, Sixteenth through Eighteenth Centuries. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.  Invalid |name-list-format=scap (help)
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin
Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan
1563–1565
None
Political offices
Preceded by
Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin
Governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan
1563–1565
Vacant
Title next held by
Francisco Jiménez
as judge-governor
Preceded by
Miguel Sánchez Yscatl and Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin
Alcalde of San Juan Tenochtitlan
1557
with Tomás de Aquino Yspopulac
Succeeded by
Martín Cano and Pedro de la Cruz Tlapaltecatl