Nanchang Metro

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Nanchang Rail Transit
Nanchang Metro Logo.svg
Overview
Locale Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 2 (under construction)
5 (planned)
Number of stations 24 (2015)
Operation
Operation will start 2015 (Line 1)[1]
Operator(s) Nanchang Rail Transit Group Co., Ltd.
Technical
System length 28.7 km (28.7 km) (2015)
162 km (162 km) (planned)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
System map

Nanchang Metro map sb zh-hans.svg

Nanchang Rail Transit
Simplified Chinese 南昌轨道交通
Traditional Chinese 南昌軌道交通
Nanchang Metro
Simplified Chinese 南昌地铁
Traditional Chinese 南昌地鐵

Nanchang Metro (also known as Nanchang Rail Transit in official documents) is a metro system in Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. Two lines are currently under construction with the first scheduled to be operational in 2015.[1]

The network is expected to exceed 122.2 km in length in 2020 after Phase 2 is finished.[2] Additional complementary lines are also being considered.[3] Five lines are planned with a total length of 163 km of network[4] (excluding the extension of Line 1 & Line 2 planned in the Phase 2).

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The construction of a rail transit system in Nanchang was first proposed in the beginning of the 2000s:[5] In August 2005, Jiangxi Provincial Development & Reform Commission and Nanchang City Government replied to the proposal of building a metro system, and the City Government considered listing the proposal in the Eleventh Five-year plan.[6] In November, a plan of 4 metro and 1 light rail was drafted.[7][8] In 2006, the City officially started the research of building a rail transit system.[9] In the second half of 2007, the prophase research of the construction of the system was initiated.[5] On 30 July 2008, the construction of Nanchang Metro was formally included in the priority agenda.[10]

Plans[edit]

Initial Plan[edit]

The Xinhua Bookstore by Bayi Square was detonated to make space for Nanchang Metro Line 1

In 2008, Nanchang was approved to build a rail transit system by the State Council,[11] and Nanchang Rail Transit Group Co., Ltd. was incorporated in 16 October 2008 to construct and operate Nanchang Metro.[12] On 15 September, the planned 5 routes were notified to the public,[4][13][14][15] which was approved by the State Council in July 2009.[16][17] On 29 July 2009, the construction of Nanchang City Rapid Rail Transit officially began,[18][19] and also on the same day the detailed route and construction plan of the five lines was proclaimed at the press conference.[20]

In April 2013, the Government planned to acquire approval for all 5 lines by 2014, start constructing all planned lines from 2015, and plan Line 6 to Line 10 to complement the existing network.[21][22]

Phase 2[edit]

On 31 May 2013, Nanchang Government submitted three candidate plans for the Phase 2 construction (2014-2020) to the expert panel,[23][24] which chose the compromising Plan 2.[25][26] According to the plan, Line 2 will be extended to both directions from 2014,Line 1 from 2016; the construction of Line 3 will start as soon as September 2014, and Line 4 will be constructed as soon as September 2015.[25][27]

Construction[edit]

Construction of Line 1 has started on 29 July 2009,[18] and the line is planned to be operational by Q4 2015. As of August 2013, the construction of Line 2 is also started.

Infrastructure[edit]

Lines[edit]

Planned network of Nanchang Metro
Name No. of Sta. Length (km) Route
Line 1 24[† 1][28] 28.7[† 1] Lehua—Jiaoqiao—Fenghe Bei Dadao—Fenghe 2 Lu—Shimao Lu—Zhongshan Xi Lu—Zhongshan Lu—Bayi Square—Beijing Lu—Yaohu Dadao
Line 2 21[† 1] 23.3[† 1] Jiulonghu—CR Nanchang West Station—Xizhan Dajie—Guoti Dadao—Fenghe Dadao—Fenghuang 1 Lu—Yangming Lu—Bayi Dadao—Luoyang Lu—CR Nanchang Station—Shunwai Lu—Shanghai Lu—Guangzhou Lu—Luojia Town
Line 3 22 27.2 Yaohu North—Minfeng Lu—Danxia Lu—Qingshan Lu—Bayi Dadao—Dieshan Lu—Xiangshan Bei Lu—Xiangshan Nan Lu—Shenjinta Jie—Shizi Jie—Jingshan Bei Lu—Yingbin Dadao—Liantang
Line 4 25 35.2 Wangcheng—CR Nanchang West Station—Xizhan Dajie—Chaoyangzhou South—Fusheng Lu—Hongcheng Lu—Hongdu Dadao—Nanjing Dong Lu—Shanghai Lu—Guowei Lu—Huoju Dadao
Line 5 25 34 Xialuo—Changleng Dadao—Xuefu Dadao—Honggu Nan Dadao—Xuefu Dadao—Chaoyang Dadao—Jiangling Xi Lu—Gaoxin Dadao

Rolling Stock[edit]

Nanchang Metro planned to operate with, whose cars are 2.8 m in width, 3.8 m in height and 3.8m in length, providing the system with maximum capacity of 30 000 to 55 000 passenger per hour per direction.[29]

Ticketing[edit]

Single ticket will be available as plastic packaged RFID coin like many other cities in China.[30] Existing pre-payment smart cards such as local Hongcheng Tong (Chinese: 洪城通) are also expected to used in Nanchang Metro.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The data of station numbers and length of Line 1 & Line 2 are only applicable to Phase I

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 南昌地铁1号线推迟至2015年底通车 明确11个建设节点
  2. ^ 黄培红 (2013-06-01). "南昌第二轮地铁建设规划94.1公里". 信息日报. Retrieved 2013-08-10. 
  3. ^ 袁思东 (2013-04-11). "南昌考虑再建五条地铁线 拟规划到十号线形成半小时经济圈". 信息日报. Retrieved 2013-08-10. 
  4. ^ a b 南昌地铁远景规划征询民意 将有5条地铁线路
  5. ^ a b 南昌地铁建设备忘录--大江专题
  6. ^ “南昌建地铁”提案获答复
  7. ^ 南昌初步规划4条地铁 并将建设一条轻轨线
  8. ^ 南昌4条地铁布局初定
  9. ^ 南昌将启动轨道交通研究 红谷隧道工程设计年内完成
  10. ^ 南昌地铁建设列入政府重要议程
  11. ^ 审批权下放 南昌建地铁有望加速
  12. ^ 南昌轨道交通有限公司 - 社会日常生活 - 百科全书 - 价值中国网
  13. ^ 南昌市城市快速轨道交通线网及建设规划公众征询意见
  14. ^ 南昌地铁远景规划征询民意(图)
  15. ^ 南昌地铁公司挂牌 远景规划5条地铁线
  16. ^ 国务院同意南昌建设地铁 1号线有望年内动工
  17. ^ 南昌市城市轨道交通近期建设规划(2009-2016年)通过批准
  18. ^ a b 南昌城市快速轨道交通工程开工奠基
  19. ^ 地铁,一个城市梦想如花绽放(图)
  20. ^ 南昌地铁线路站点公布 1号线2014年通车
  21. ^ 南昌考虑再建五条地铁线 拟规划到十号线形成半小时经济圈
  22. ^ 南昌市市长陈俊卿:2015年五条地铁全部开建
  23. ^ 南昌未来7年有望建成3至4条地铁
  24. ^ 专家把脉南昌地铁第二轮建设规划 三套方案备选
  25. ^ a b 地铁3号线一期工程明年下半年或开工
  26. ^ 信息日报. "南昌第二轮地铁建设规划94.1公里". 大江网. Retrieved 2013-08-10. 
  27. ^ 南昌地铁三四号线拟建19.7公里高架 1号线北延至昌北机场
  28. ^ 南昌市轨道交通1号线一期工程可行性研究报告获批准
  29. ^ 南昌地铁拟采用B型车 单向每小时载乘客5.5万人次
  30. ^ 南昌地铁单程票采用筹码式车票