Nancy Lynn Hogshead-Makar (born April 17, 1962) is an American former swimmer who competed for the United States at the 1984 Summer Olympics. She won three gold medals and one silver in medley and freestyle swimming. After retiring from competitive swimming she became a lawyer, writer, and asthma spokesperson.
Duke University offered Hogshead its first swimming scholarship. There, she was again undefeated in dual meets and set a school record in eight different events; one of which still stands as of 2007. She only swam for one year at Duke, but she was a Four-Time ACC Champion and Two-Time All-American for 1981. After the swim season ended, and with the disappointment of the boycotted Olympics still on her mind, Hogshead stopped swimming competitively for nearly three years while concentrating on her education. By 1983, excitement was building for the 1984 Olympics and Hogshead decided to resume competitive swimming, but switched from butterfly to freestyle. She won the 1984 National indoor 220-yard event and qualified for the 1984 US swimming team.
At the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California she swam the finals in the women's 100m freestyle. Hogshead and teammate Carrie Steinseifer had identical times and both were awarded gold medals in the first dead heat in Olympic swimming. Hogshead also won golds in the 4x100m freestyle and the 4x100m medley teams, and a silver in the 200m individual medley. During one race, wherein she missed a bronze medal by 7/100th of a second, she suffered a bronchial spasm that led to a diagnosis of asthma. After the initial disbelief, she accepted her condition and learned to monitor and control it.
She retired from competitive swimming, and with her Olympic fame, began to lecture around the world about asthma management. Pharmaceutical companies sponsored her and for a while, she spoke to over 100 groups each year across the US. In addition, Hogshead earned the title of National Spokesperson for the American Lung Association. Between speaking engagements, she managed to graduate from Duke with honors in 1986. Hogshead authored the 1990 book, Asthma and Exercise, the first comprehensive book on the topic of asthma and sports. The book tells inspirational stories of athletes who learned to manage their condition.
While in college, Hogshead was an intern at the Women's Sports Foundation. The organization had a strong influence on her career direction and she has worked with the group for more than twenty years. She served on the board of trustees from 1987 to 1993 and as its President from 1993 to 1994. She is currently the Senior Director of Advocacy for the Women's Sports Foundation. Hogshead realized that a person must understand the law in order to be an effective advocate for equity in collegiate sports using Title IX. She applied to and was accepted at Georgetown Law. In 1991 Hogshead was an underwear model in a well-publicized Jockey for Her advertisement.
After graduating from Georgetown University Law Center in 1997, she returned to Jacksonville in private practice at Holland & Knight, LLP. She represented student-athletes and universities in Title IX matters with the goal of achieving legal compliance without litigation. Hogshead has been a high profile advocate of gender equity in sports and a specialist on Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.
Since August 2001, Hogshead-Makar has been on the faculty at Florida Coastal School of Law in Jacksonville. In addition, she is the director of the Legal Advocacy Center for Women in Sports. She has testified in Congress and has served on two Presidential committees on gender in sports. In 2007, she co-edited the book Equal Play; Title IX and Social Change with economist Andrew Zimbalist.