Nancy Reddin Kienholz
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|Nancy Reddin Kienholz|
|Birth name||Nancy Reddin|
December 9, 1943|
Los Angeles, California
|Field||photography, installation art, mixed media|
Nancy Reddin Kienholz (b. December 9, 1943) is an American mixed media artist based in Hope, Idaho. She works in installation art, assemblage, photography, and lenticular printing. She is most famous for her collaborations with her husband and creative partner Edward Kienholz.
Reddin was born in Los Angeles, California in 1943. Her father, Thomas Reddin, was born in 1916 in New York City and worked in Los Angeles as a police officer; he would eventually serve as chief of the Los Angeles Police Department from 1967 to 1969. Her mother, real estate broker Betty Parsons Reddin, was born in 1921 in Denver, Colorado. Nancy was the youngest of three children, born after older brothers Thomas T. Reddin (1938 – 1985) and Michael Gray Reddin (b. 1942).
Reddin was first married at age 19. She had one child from this marriage, Christine, in 1964, but the marriage ended after two years. Reddin received no formal training in art, and worked several odd jobs in Los Angeles before beginning her collaborations with Ed Kienholz in 1972.
Marriage and collaboration
Reddin met Ed Kienholz at a party in Los Angeles in 1972. At that time, Kienholz was already an established artist, being a founding member of the Ferus Gallery and a long-standing participant in the Los Angeles avant garde scene. He had full custody of two children, Jenny and Noah, from one of his four previous marriages, and would later legally adopt Reddin's daughter Christine.
Reddin and Kienholz began their creative collaborations the same year they met. Their first work together was "The Middle Islands No. 1," now in the collection of the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in Humlebæk, Denmark. Ed Kienholz continued to receive sole credit for these collaborations until 1981, when he publicly announced for the first time that all works after 1972 should be retroactively credited instead to "Kienholz," in collective reference to both Ed and Nancy.
In 1973, Kienholz received a grant from DAAD to work in the Federal Republic of Germany. The couple sold their house in Los Angeles, and Reddin moved with Kienholz and their children to West Berlin. The entire family, including the children, contributed to the creation of the exhibit Kienholz created using the grant. Reddin and Kienholz would divide their time between Berlin and their home in the rural Idaho Panhandle until Kienholz's death in 1994.
During their marriage, Reddin and Kienholz worked prolifically, primarily in installation art. They maintained studios in Berlin and in Hope, Idaho. Kienholz received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1976, and their work was especially critically acclaimed in Europe.
After struggling with diabetes for years, Edward Kienholz died suddenly in 1994 of a massive heart attack in Sandpoint, Idaho. He was buried in a 1940 Packard, which Reddin steered into the gravesite.
In addition to maintaining Kienholz's estate, Reddin has continued to work in multiple media since 1994. In addition to continuing her work in assemblage sculpture, Reddin has returned to an early interest in photography and has created several works using lenticular images.
- LA Louver - Nancy Reddin Kienholz, September 5, 2008
- Edward Kienholz; Nancy Reddin Kienholz ; Walter Hopps [curator] ; with contributions by Rosetta Brooks (1996), Kienholz: A Retrospective (2. print. ed.), New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, ISBN 978-0-87427-099-0
- Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (German Academic Exchange Service)
- Edward Kienholz; Nancy Reddin Kienholz ; Walter Hopps [curator] ; with contributions by Rosetta Brooks (1996). Kienholz : a retrospective (2. print. ed.). New York: Whitney Museum of American Art. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-87427-099-0.
- Pincus, Robert L. (1990). On a scale that competes with the world : the art of Edward and Nancy Reddin Kienholz. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-06730-1.
- Ed Kienholz ; Nancy Reddin Kienholz ; Beth Sellars [curator] (1984). Kienholz In Context. Spokane: Touchstone Center for the Arts.