Nancy Wilson (rock musician)
Wilson in September 2012
|Birth name||Nancy Lamoureaux Wilson|
March 16, 1954 |
San Francisco, California, U.S.
|Genres||Rock, hard rock, folk rock, pop rock|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, singer, songwriter, producer|
|Associated acts||Heart, The Lovemongers|
- 1 Early years (1954–1972)
- 2 Early Heart (1972–1975)
- 3 Early career (1975–1979)
- 4 The 1980s
- 5 The 1990s
- 6 The 2000s
- 7 The 2010s
- 8 Voice
- 9 Credits
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 Sources
- 14 External links
Early years (1954–1972)
Nancy Wilson was born in San Francisco, California. She is the youngest of three sisters (Lynn, Ann and Nancy), who grew up in Southern California and Taiwan before their US Marine Corps father retired to the Seattle suburb of Bellevue.
On February 9, 1964, when Nancy and Ann watched the Beatles perform on The Ed Sullivan Show, she and her sister instantly wanted to be like the band. In an interview she said, "The lightning bolt came out of the heavens and struck Ann and me the first time we saw the Beatles on 'The Ed Sullivan Show.' ... There'd been so much anticipation and hype about the Beatles that it was a huge event, like the lunar landing: that was the moment Ann and I heard the call to become rock musicians. I was seven or eight at the time. ... Right away, we started doing air guitar shows in the living room, faking English accents, and studying all the fanzines."
Two of Nancy's friends who could sing joined Nancy and Ann to form their first music group. Calling themselves the Viewpoints, they were a four-part harmony vocal group. Later that year, Ann bought her first guitar, a Kent acoustic, with money given to her by her grandmother. Nancy's parents soon bought her a smaller guitar, but since it would not stay in tune, Ann's guitar became Nancy's too.
On August 25, 1966 the Beatles played at the Seattle Center Coliseum. The Viewpoints got tickets. Nancy's mother had made matching outfits like the ones that the Beatles wore so that the girls would "look professional". The girls wore these outfits to the concert.
The Viewpoints' first public show was a folk festival on Vashon Island in 1967. In Nancy's words: "We didn't get paid, but since there were people sitting in folding chairs, we considered it a professional gig." The band played at venues such as drive-ins, auto shows and church socials. Nancy's and Ann's public debut as a duo took place on Mother's Day at their church.
Later at a Youth Day event at their church, the duo chose to sing "The Great Mandala (The Wheel of Life)," by Peter, Paul and Mary, Elvis Presley's "Crying in the Chapel," and The Doors' "When the Music's Over". The anti-war sentiment, and the irreverence for the venue in some of the lyrics, offended a number of people. By the time they finished, more than half had walked out. Nancy felt some guilt over the event, but "it lit a bonfire under us because we saw for the first time that what we did on stage could have an impact on an audience."
While a senior in high school, Ann joined a band. Their drummer knew a country songwriter who needed a band to play on his songwriting demos, so the band got the gig to play on three of his demo songs. During that session, the engineer allowed them to record the song "Through Eyes and Glass", which Nancy and Ann had written. The engineer had his own record label, and liked their songs enough that he offered to make up five hundred copies "for a few bucks". Nancy's and Ann's first single appeared on the B-side of the country track titled "I'm Gonna Drink My Hurt Away". It was credited to "Ann Wilson and the Daybreaks," which was not the name of the band, and it omitted Nancy as co-songwriter. Later they got back about 250 unsold copies of the record.
Early Heart (1972–1975)
Hocus Pocus and Canada
Ann had known of guitarist Roger Fisher and bass player Steve Fossen from their work in several bands, such as the Army, when she answered their advertisement seeking a drummer and a singer. She impressed them with her vocal skills and, within an hour, Ann was a member of the band they now named Hocus Pocus.
In June 1971,[Note 1] Roger's brother Michael came to see the band play. Michael was living in Canada to avoid the draft, and had sneaked over the border to visit his brother. He and Ann were smitten with each other and after "the better part of a year", Ann left the band and moved to Canada to live with Michael in his cottage. Michael had always wanted to manage his brother's band and eventually Steve and Roger also migrated to Canada – in late 1972 or early 1973 – along with a drummer and keyboard player.
The newly reformed group considered going back to Hocus Pocus, but decided on Heart and one afternoon Michael, the band's manager,[Note 2] drew a logo with a heart embedded in a stylized H, which subsequently became the group's logo.
Nancy joins Heart
While Ann was in Canada, Nancy started college and sought someone to play with, but never found a regular musical partner and was restless. In the fall of 1972, Nancy moved to Forest Grove, Oregon to attend Pacific University. The next year she transferred to Portland State University in Portland, Oregon, hoping the bigger city would invigorate her more.
By then, Steve and Roger had moved to Vancouver and had reformed as "Heart". Each time Nancy "went north" to visit her sister, Ann was trying to get Nancy to join the band. Nancy began to think of transferring again, to the University of Washington in Seattle where in-state tuition fees were less. She wrote to a friend outlining her situation, and asked if she should join the band. The friend replied with an emphatic "YES, YES, YES".
On her next visit to Ann, Nancy asked if the band would include more acoustic songs if she joined. Ann responded "that's why I want you to join". Nancy left school in mid-1974 and joined Ann and Heart in West Vancouver.
Nancy recalls that "some of the guys" in the band were resistant to her joining, and insisted she audition by sitting in periodically. She was given the assignment to work up the introduction to the Yes song "The Clap". She learned it, and the next night after playing it with the band at a tavern, she was officially made a member of the band.
Writing Dreamboat Annie
Since the group mainly did covers of songs that were radio hits the crowds could dance to, adding more acoustic numbers meant writing original songs for the band in that format. The band also needed more material for an album, so Nancy and Ann set about doing both.
Having two women in a rock band made the band more memorable. That they were sisters made them all the more so, but also resulted in Nancy being asked if her guitar was really plugged in. The band had recorded a demo with Mushroom Records some time before, and producer Mike Flicker remembered them. He was very impressed with Ann's voice and wanted to sign her. He was less interested in Roger, and saw Nancy as a "diamond in the rough", but was intrigued by the idea of a female rock guitarist. Since Michael was Ann's boyfriend and the band's manager, and lead guitarist Roger was Michael's brother, Flicker recognized the politics of the situation. Nancy, Ann, and Roger were signed to a contract, because omitting any one of them would have alienated two of the four. The contract later became highly disputed.
The band went into the studio to do a single song, "How Deep It Goes" written by Ann, to test the market before recording an entire album. A studio drummer was brought in, as was Howard Leese to arrange some string parts. The single, backed with "Here Song", was released in 1975. Disguising their voices and using accents, Nancy and Ann often called radio stations requesting the song. Their mom continued to call and request their songs even after their first album went platinum. The single received little attention.
Flicker was impressed with the songs Nancy and Ann had written, particularly Crazy On You, Magic Man, and Soul of the Sea. Although the demo had not become a hit, a second single Magic Man b/w How Deep it Goes was released and was first picked up for radio play by CJFM – FM 96 in Montreal. Flicker went ahead with making the album. Partway through the recording sessions, Ann brought in a new song that she and Nancy had written: Dreamboat Annie. Three versions were included on the album and Dreamboat Annie also became the album's title.
In the course of these sessions, the band members became impressed with Howard Leese's work, and they offered him a job in the band. Howard was the band's first new member, and subsequently became its longest active member, (after Nancy and Ann), playing for 24 years.
Early career (1975–1979)
Mushroom Records released "Magic Man" as a single before the Dreamboat Annie album had been completed, and the song started to get airplay in and around Vancouver. The album was released in Canada in October 1975 along with the single "Crazy on You" and both got airplay. At the time, Canada had content laws that mandated that a certain ratio of what was played on radio had to be from Canadians. This initially helped the band, as their songs could be played to fulfill the requirement.
As they played in taverns and clubs across Canada, Shelley Siegel, the promoter from Mushroom, took Nancy and Ann to local radio stations where they did interviews and station identifications to promote the album. Unbeknownst to Nancy and Ann, Shelly would then ply the disk jockeys and station managers with drugs and prostitutes (or the promise of them) to persuade them to play the album on the air. Before the end of the year, the album caught on and was playing and selling well in Canada.
The album was released in the US on Valentine's Day 1976. By that time, "Magic Man" was an FM hit in Canada and the band was getting exposure in US border cities such as Detroit, Buffalo, and Seattle where Canadian stations could be received. But getting air time in the US was tougher. The same Canadian content laws which helped them in Canada made US stations suspicious that most Canadian successes were largely due to the content laws. Siegel and Heart tried cracking the US market by personally traveling to radio stations as they had done in Canada.
At a club in October 1975, after Ann took the stage and made the comment that the food there tasted like Pine-Sol disinfectant, the group was summarily fired, just 4 nights into its two-week engagement. Just as they were preparing to set the dressing room on fire, Shelley Siegel called to ask if they could get out of the contract. He seemed elated they had already been fired and said Rod Stewart had requested they open for him for two shows in Montreal starting on October 18, 1975. In spite of a collision with a moose along the way, they got to Montreal, but were shocked when they walked onstage to find fans standing up, cheering and holding up lighters. Ann looked around to see if Rod Stewart had come on stage while Steve Fossen tried to shake off "head-to-toe goosebumps". Michael Fisher explained that their album had been getting heavy airplay in Montreal and had become a hit.
Heart's tour with ZZ Top for a month of dates following the Stewart engagement also increased their exposure, but a complete US tour and promotional appearances were hampered by Michael Fisher's draft status, so he decided to turn himself in to the authorities. His case was eventually settled without jail time, aided by the fact that he had uncovered corruption at his local draft board which allowed for more exemptions for the wealthy. A number of letters from Nancy's father, a retired decorated major in the Marines, may have also helped.
The band began working at the same time on a new album eventually titled "Magazine" and Nancy became romantically involved with guitarist Roger Fisher, Michael's brother. Nancy and Ann took to referring to themselves as the "Wil-Shers" – a reference to Fleetwood Mac.
Nancy and Ann's father, nicknamed Dotes, had retired from the Marines, earned a teaching certificate and was teaching English at Ann's high school while she attended it. After Heart gained a measure of success with Dreamboat Annie, Nancy and Ann had "stopped in to Dote's classes a few times to talk about lyrics." However, with Dreamboat Annie climbing the charts towards platinum status, they were making Dotes too popular. The crowds they attracted were too large, so they had to stop making appearances.
As Dreamboat Annie climbed the charts, Michael realized that the band was getting too big for him to manage; the band hired a new manager, Ken Kinnear. Since they considered the band a proven success – Dreamboat Annie had become a platinum seller by November 1976 – they thought they deserved royalties in line with those of a platinum band. Mushroom resisted, thinking that perhaps the band was a one-hit wonder, or worse, perhaps just a novelty act with the sisters playing rock. The tough stance led Mike Flicker to quit; he had been an employee of Mushroom, and Heart's producer, but he sided with the band. He continued his work with the band, producing its first five albums.
In late 1976, Siegel took out a full-page advertisement in Rolling Stone touting the band's success, using the headline "Million to One Shot Sells a Million". The advertisement was contrived to look like the front page of the National Enquirer. It included one of the photos from the Dreamboat Annie cover shoot, but with Nancy and Ann looking into the camera. The caption under the photo read: "Heart's Wilson Sisters Confess: 'It Was Only Our First Time!'". The advertisement outraged the sisters who confronted Siegel, but he blew it off in "no such thing as bad publicity" style.
The original contract held the band to two albums, but it also called for Mushroom to provide Mike Flicker as producer. As the dispute heated up, the band took the position that since Mushroom could no longer provide Flicker, it was free to sign with another label. Heart hired a lawyer to resolve the dispute, signed with Portrait, and began working on a new album, Little Queen.
Mushroom, who had initially taken the position that it was not interested in doing a second album, now decided it was owed a second album. Mushroom took the four unfinished tracks for Magazine, added some studio outtakes and live material, and released the album with a disclaimer on the cover. Unhappy with the quality of the album, Heart sought an injunction that recalled Magazine, but it did not become active before fifty thousand copies had been sold. Similarly, Mushroom made attempts to prevent the release of Little Queen and any other work by Heart, on the basis that Mushroom was owed a second album by Heart.
The dispute dragged on for about two years and ended with the court deciding that the band was free to sign with another label, but that Mushroom was indeed owed a second album. Heart went back to Mushroom studios to re-record, remix, edit, and re-sequence the recordings in a marathon session over the period of a few days. A court-ordered guard stood nearby to prevent the master tapes from being erased. Magazine was re-released and sold a million copies in less than a month. Shelley Siegel, the promoter behind the "First Time" ad, died a few months after the re-release, and Mushroom Records went bankrupt a year later. See Magazine for information about the differences between the two versions of the album.
First Rolling Stone cover
On July 28, 1977, Nancy and Ann appeared on the cover of Rolling Stone magazine for the first time.
The band had already been working on Little Queen as the legal dispute dragged on. Just after the "First Time" advertisement appeared, a Detroit radio promoter asked Ann where her lover was. When he made it clear that he meant Nancy and not Michael, Ann was outraged. She retreated to her hotel room and began writing a song. When Ann related the incident to Nancy, she too was outraged. Nancy joined Ann and contributed a melody and bridge. Roger and drummer Michael Derosier contributed the distinctive 'gallop' they had developed during sound checks. The song became "Barracuda".
Mushroom re-released Magazine in April 1978 and Portrait released Little Queen in May 1978. "Barracuda" went to number 11 on the Billboard charts, and helped Little Queen outsell Magazine. With the re-release, the group had the distinction of having all three of its albums on the charts at the same time.
Dog & Butterfly
With the success of Little Queen, there was a great deal of pressure to quickly follow up with another album. For help, they traveled to Berkeley where Sue Ennis was studying for her PhD, and convinced her to formally become their writing partner, which she did. Nancy and Ann often stole off to visit Sue between engagements. The three women polished "Mistral Wind" and wrote the "Dog & Butterfly" song during one of these retreats.
The Dog & Butterfly album was released in October 1978, selling a million copies in the first month. It stayed on the album charts for the better part of a year and went on to be a triple platinum album. It was the band's fourth million selling album in a row.
Unknown to Nancy, Roger had been seeing other women, especially when Nancy and Ann visited Sue. His relationships became more noticeable, and strained their relationship. When Nancy developed a crush on Michael Derosier, she told Roger she could not see him anymore, and took up with Derosier.
Roger was bitter about the breakup and the situation resulted in a great deal of tension which spilled over into the recording studio at a time when there was great pressure to develop another hit album. Nancy describes Roger as a brilliant live player but less reliable about playing the same part over and over in the studio. In VH1's Behind The Music, Roger describes himself as being frustrated over the breakup, yet still required to be on stage with Nancy night after night. This eventually led to a blowup with Roger destroying his guitar on stage out of frustration. Later in the dressing room, he threw the guitar at the wall just missing Nancy. A few days later, on Halloween 1979, the band voted to part company with Roger.
Roger's departure opened a void which was mostly filled by Howard Leese, but Nancy began to play a larger, more predominant role, including lead guitar on songs like "Even It Up". Soon after, Ann discovered that Michael was also "fooling around"; this happened as the band was preparing to record Bebe Le Strange. Ann immediately moved out, writing "Break" in the aftermath. Nancy's romance with Derosier lasted about a year before they broke up.
Bebe le Strange and second Rolling Stone cover
Bebe le Strange was released on Valentine's Day 1980. The album earned some of Heart's best reviews to date, and eventually went gold. The resulting tour was their biggest to date and had them touring with Lynyrd Skynyrd, The Marshall Tucker Band and Queen, and opening for the Rolling Stones on October 3 and 4, 1981 at Folsom Field in Boulder, Colorado.
Later that spring, Rolling Stone did an article on Nancy and Ann and featured them on the cover for the second time (RS317; May 15, 1980). This second cover, by Annie Leibovitz, once again featured Nancy and Ann bare-shouldered, shoulder to shoulder, and looking into the camera, a very similar pose to that used in Siegel's "First Time" advertisement. Like the album cover photo shoot, this photo shoot also caused trouble, but of a different nature. During the shoot, Annie kept asking Ann to lower the towel covering her until, eventually, she was topless. Ann later asked that the photos that were not used on the cover be destroyed, but Liebovitz refused. The matter was resolved by a court, with the photos being placed in a safe deposit box, and with Ann and Annie each having one of the two keys required to open it.
Private Audition came out in June 1982 and sold only 400,000 copies; it peaked at number 25 on Billboard. After their series of platinum and gold albums, this was seen as a flop, and critics and others began to sharpen their knives. However, Heart continued to do very well with concert sales, and had the eighth highest grossing tour of the year.
Ann says that ever since Nancy had broken up with Derosier, his presence in the band made everyone feel uncomfortable. Bassist Steve Fossen had been with the band since its inception,[Note 3] and was the only bass player Ann had played with over the last 10 years, but he was "dissatisfied with many things by that time." So the band decided "it was time for Michael Derosier and Steve Fossen to leave." Over the next year, they were replaced by Mark Andes on bass and Denny Carmassi on drums.
At about this time, Nancy's longtime friend, Kelly Curtis, introduced her to Cameron Crowe, who was then an up-and-coming screenwriter. After a bumpy start which included Nancy being stood up, Cameron and Nancy began dating. He arranged for her to play the role of "Beautiful-Girl-in-a-Car" in Fast Times at Ridgemont High, which he had written. The romance simmered for a few years before they married.
The lackluster performance of Private Audition led to increased pressure for the band to "rock" on the next album, Passionworks. Drugs also became a factor. Nancy recalls:
"Everything we did in those years had a white sheen of powder over it. There were only a few people on our crew, or band, who resisted. Cocaine was sprinkled over the albums, the videos, and our lives. Cocaine stripped all the humor out of our music. The videos we made were completely without intentional comedy, but were so serious they had an almost comedic feel."
Passionworks did slightly better, but CBS records was disappointed, and dropped them. After the tour was complete, Nancy and Ann began to question if maybe things had played out for Heart, or if the band's success owed more to the Fisher brothers than they thought.
Major success – Heart album
With lackluster sales and no label, they hired a new manager. After being rejected by five labels, Capitol Records agreed to sign Heart, but only if they agreed to record songs written by others, or if they co-write with "hit factory" songwriters. They reluctantly agreed. Capitol also brought in Ron Nevison as producer. One of the first things he wanted was to lose the acoustic guitar, and Nancy agreed. Since the name of the band had not yet been used for an album, as was often the case for the first album, they reluctantly decided to name the new album Heart.
Music videos had become tightly tied to the success of a release. In the wake of the success of Purple Rain by Prince, the label began to revamp Heart to make the band-members appear more Prince-like, as evidenced by the costumes. The label also began to see Ann's weight as a problem, and featured Nancy more prominently in the videos; the look later became a source of ridicule. Ann later said that at first the band liked it, as it was like playing dress up with full costumes, makeup and wigs. However, as that image became what the fans expected, they realised they also had to tour and perform in corsets, wigs and stiletto heels.
Heart became the band's first number one album. "What About Love" was released as a single ahead of the album; it became a hit, and crossed over into the pop charts. The album had 5 hit singles in all. "If Looks Could Kill" just missed breaking into the top 40 peaking at number 54; the rest were all Top 10 hits including: "Nothin' At All", "Never" and "These Dreams". The album remained on the charts for 78 weeks, and went on to be certified 5x platinum.
"These Dreams" had been submitted to them (along with "We Built This City") from Bernie Taupin and Martin Page after Stevie Nicks had turned it down. Though she had not written it, Nancy loved the song from the start. She had to fight to sing it because some band members thought it "did not sound like a Heart song" and studio executives were not keen on Nancy singing lead vocals for it. But Nancy persisted.
During the taping session, they received a letter from Sharon Hess, a 22-year-old fan who was dying of leukemia. One of her wishes was to meet Nancy and Ann, and she arrived the same day as the recording of Nancy's vocals for "These Dreams". Sharon loved the song and Nancy dedicated it to her on the album notes. Sharon died just a few days after the final mixes were finished and was buried wearing a Heart T-shirt and cap, with her favorite guitar in her hands. Nancy says, "It's just the way I'd want to go out."
One result of the album's success and music video exposure was that they were now much more recognizable. As a result, while on tour they had to stay in their rooms after a show, unlike the men in the band who were much less recognizable. While trapped in their room, they became adept at splicing a VCR they carried with them into the hotel television set. Other bands got bills for throwing television sets off balconies; Heart got bills for cutting the television cable.
As their success continued with the next two albums, their higher profile brought out the "crazies". One rumor began that Nancy and Ann were giving their royalties to Charles Manson, and another that they were in a witches' coven with Stevie Nicks. This led to bodyguards and a feeling of even deeper isolation.
Marriage and Bad Animals
In addition to making and releasing an album, playing a 148-show 10-month tour, and making music videos, Nancy was planning her wedding to Cameron, which took place at Ann's house on July 27, 1986 at 11 pm.
Within a month of her wedding, Nancy was in rehearsals for the band's next album. As before, they were using songs from other writers, but with a number-one album on the charts, the pool to choose from was larger. Outside writers included Diane Warren ("Who Will You Run To"), Lisa Dalbello ("Wait for an Answer") and the team of Tom Kelly and Billy Steinberg ("Alone"). While still resistant to the idea of outside writers, it was hard to argue with the success of the last album and five singles. They also decided to have Ron Nevison return as producer. Where Heart had six of their own songs, Bad Animals had four.
Bad Animals was so named as a joke about their pets, and was released on June 6, 1987. The sisters were nervous and viewed the date as their own personal D-Day because the album's performance would determine whether the last one had been a fluke. "Alone" had been released before the album; it raced up the charts and became the band's second number one hit, and the second biggest single for the year. This gave them something they had not had with the Heart album: a number-one single before the tour started or the album was released. "We were following on success, not building to it." Nancy just missed another top-ten single when "There's The Girl" peaked at 12 on the Billboard charts. The album itself peaked at number 2.
The Bad Animals tour was to start in May 1987 in Europe, and all the dates were sellouts, including 3 dates at Wembley Arena. Nancy, Ann and Sue decided to go early and take their own Magical Mystery Tour of Beatles landmarks. After trying to "navigate Scotland by song title", the three women ended up at a ferry dock on the Mull of Kintyre looking for Paul McCartney's farm.
During the tour, Ann began to have moments of panic and stage fright. Nancy would have to step forward and play an unscheduled guitar solo, or other ploys, to buy time for Ann to compose herself. In Behind the Music, Ann blamed comments about her weight as the main source but in their book, Ann attributes these to an increasing cocaine habit, in part being used as an appetite suppressant. After the tour, the three women took a vacation to Hawaii. When Ann asked who had the cocaine, Nancy replied "There is no more party for you on this trip. You're getting off the party." While it was not the end of her cocaine use, Ann claims it was the end of a downward spiral.
Work began on the next album, Brigade, in 1989. The label pressed them to include even more material from other writers, and given the success of some of them, Nancy and Ann found it hard to resist. This album had only three songs by them, and two each by Diane Warren and Mutt Lange.
The label insisted they include a song Mutt Lange had written titled "All I Wanna Do Is Make Love to You". Ann hated it but they grudgingly turned it into a Heart song. When it was released, it was an instant hit racing to number two. The song helped make Brigade the band's third multi-platinum album in a row, peaking at number 3. They still hated the song – Ann later said it grossed her out – so they played it on the tour, but not since.
Nancy and Ann were approached to play a Red Cross benefit for the troops during the Gulf War. The promoter wanted Heart to play, but most of the band had been let go after the Brigade tour. Nancy and Ann coaxed Sue to join and play for the one-time event, along with another friend, Frank Cox. The Lovemongers name emerged as a counter to the war mongering sentiment surrounding the war. Since they lacked a drummer, Sue programmed a rhythm track into her keyboard and they brought a cardboard cutout of Ringo Starr on stage as a joke.
Nancy felt renewed by the smaller, more intimate crowds as well as a return to acoustic oriented songs. The few Heart songs they played were arranged for the acoustic group. The response was so positive that offers to play began to pour in. The sisters were having fun and accepted so many of them that they joked the "Lovemongers were the number one benefit band in the area".
One offer came from Cameron to play the wrap party for his new movie "Singles". Following the Lovemongers was a band then called "Mookie Blaylock", managed by Nancy's longtime friend Kelly Curtis. The band went on to become Pearl Jam, but at that time Eddie Vedder was far from comfortable on stage. Frank Cox later joked that "Lovemongers opened for Pearl Jam, and wiped them off the stage".
Nancy and Ann enjoyed performing at the smaller venues as the Lovemongers, and continued playing them in and around Seattle. At the same time, they were mixing a new Heart live album recorded during the Brigade tour, but taking a year off from Heart concerts. The Lovemongers played a number of benefits with Nancy and Ann paying the technical crews and other bills themselves.
Rock the House Live was released in September 1991. Most of their hits were left off, and they focused on songs that they felt were rockers. Grunge had taken a firm hold on music by this time, and combined with the lack of big hits the album peaked at only 107.
Desire Walks On
Since most of the previous few albums had been recorded in a rush to "ride the wave", Nancy and Ann decided to take their time with the next one. The label consented, as long as they included "Will You Be There (In the Morning)," by Mutt Lange, and recorded a Spanish version of the song.
In 1991, Nancy and Ann entered into a partnership with Steve Lawson, who owned Kaye-Smith Studios where many of their 1970s hits, as well as Bebe Le Strange, had been recorded. They upgraded the facility to the state-of-the-art, and renamed it Bad Animals Studio. Recording in their own studio allowed them to take more time with the album. R.E.M., Neil Young, B.B. King, Soundgarden, Alice in Chains, and Pearl Jam all recorded in the studio before they sold their interest in 1997, when it was renamed Studio X.
The album was released in November 1993 and peaked on Billboard at number 48. It was far from a flop – it received Gold certification in August 1995 – but also far from the multi-platinum status their string of 1980s albums had been. "Will You Be There (In the Morning)" was a top-40 hit making it to number 10, 15 and 25 on various charts, and the Spanish version was a hit in some Latin markets. "Black on Black II" was a Top 5 Billboard Mainstream Rock single, peaking at number 4 for four weeks and garnering heavy airplay on hard rock and metal stations.
The band owed Capitol records one more album. Since their Lovemongers shows had received such a good response, they decided to try an "unplugged" album. They recruited many rock notables to contribute to The Road Home. John Paul Jones of Led Zeppelin served as producer; Layne Staley of Alice in Chains and Chris Cornell of Soundgarden both contributed. The album only reached number eighty-seven on the U.S. Billboard 200, and the group was dropped by Capitol.
Film work and Family
In 1995, Nancy told Ann "I don't want to do Heart anymore, at least for a while."
Nancy explained that she wanted to get off the road for a while and spend more time working with Cameron on film scores and start a family with him. He and Nancy had been trying for some time to conceive. Nancy was now 41 and undergoing fertility treatments, which were difficult to schedule around a rock tour and appearances. Ann of course was devastated and thought part of it might be that Nancy did not want to watch "the withering and dying of Heart."
Nancy had played "Beautiful Girl in Car" in Crowe's Fast Times at Ridgemont High, then had a small speaking part as "David's Wife" in The Wild Life. She contributed some guitar parts for his 1989 film Say Anything... and the song "All For Love". Nancy become more involved in Jerry Maguire, the new film Crowe was working on, and decided that she would write the film score. For this, Nancy hired a young engineer and bought a department store TV and VCR to do the job inexpensively. The work often took place in 103 °F (39.4 °C) heat because the engineer's air conditioner was broken.
For Cameron's 2000 hit Almost Famous, Nancy composed the theme and produced the original songs for the film. She also helped out as a technical consultant with Peter Frampton coaching the actors on how to look and act like rock musicians on stage. She also composed the theme music for Vanilla Sky, and for Elizabethtown, on which she played all the instruments.
During her hiatus from Heart, Nancy was not entirely dormant as a rock performer – she played the occasional Lovemongers benefit when it fit her schedule. But these became rarer as the fertility treatments took more and more out of her and made her feel like "there was metal in my blood for days afterwards."
In 1997 Nancy performed her first solo acoustic show in 30 years. Kelly Curtis arranged to have it released as an album, Live from McCabe's Guitar Shop, in 1999. The album includes only two Heart songs, and is mostly Nancy and her acoustic guitar.
It was at this time that Nancy's fertility treatments seemed to pay off when she tested positive. But the next morning, she would not be pregnant again which shattered her. Ann convinced her that the best way to "clear her head" was to do a Lovemongers tour with her and Nancy agreed. In November 1997, they set out on a 12-date tour travelling by van on what they called the "Don't Blink" tour – if you blinked, you missed it.
Nancy and Ann also recorded and released the Lovemongers' first album, Whirlygig. The next year, the Lovemongers also released Here is Christmas, which was re-released in 2001 as Heart Presents a Lovemongers' Christmas.
By 1999, Nancy was fed up with the lack of results, and the toll the fertility treatments were taking on her body. So, she and Cameron decided to explore surrogate options. After attempts using Nancy's own eggs failed, they decided to use an egg donor and surrogate. This approach succeeded, and in January 2000, Nancy's and Cameron's twin boys were born. They were named Curtis Wilson Crowe, after friend Kelly Curtis, and William (Billy) James Crowe after the semiautobiographical character William Miller from "Almost Famous".
Because Nancy and Cameron were public figures, when their twins were about 10 and started asking about sex, Nancy decided to tell them how they came to be, so they would hear it from her instead of the press. She put together a story book of sorts titled "When You Were Born" which told the story of how they had come into the world. She read it to them and they were fascinated. According to Nancy, "a few months later though, on Easter, they came to me with a burning question: 'Does this mean that you are our mom, or not our mom?'"
During Nancy's hiatus, Ann continued to tour and perform, but what to call her band was a problem. If she called it Heart, people would expect to see Nancy, who was absent. At first she simply called herself "The Ann Wilson Band" and later "Heart Featuring Ann Wilson". As expected, touring as Heart raised questions about Nancy's absence, so a recorded message from Nancy was added to the start of the show. As with the Lovemongers' benefits, shows often did not make money and were costing Ann to play.
Howard Leese, initially hired as a session musician for the Dreamboat Annie recording sessions, had become a band member in 1975. At first he toured with Ann, but since this was a much smaller band than Heart, and not likely to ever do albums, he decided to leave. He was quickly snatched up by Paul Rodgers late of Bad Company.
Ann herself was also now a mother. After also trying to conceive naturally, Ann became mother to a daughter, Marie, by an open adoption in 1991 (just weeks before the Lovemongers' "one time only" Gulf War concert). In 1998, Ann adopted a boy and named him John Dustin Wilson.
Two weeks after Nancy's boys arrived, she took them to see her parents in Seattle. Three weeks later Dotes died at age 77. He had been in declining health since a stroke more than 20 years earlier. A memorial was held in the backyard of his home (across the road from Nancy's farm), complete with Marine honor guard, folded flag and twenty-one-gun salute. Nancy said, "I think Dotes wanted to hold out just long enough for all his daughters to have their families."
Nancy returns to Heart
By 2002, Nancy became open to touring again as Heart. The tour became a family affair, with 4 kids and nannies added to the mix of musicians, technical staff and roadies. It was only an eight-week tour, but it ended a 10-year hiatus from tours. The "Summer of Love" tour ended in Seattle and that performance was released as the "Live in Seattle" DVD, which achieved Gold status without an associated album. Each of their children is listed in the end credits.
The sisters decided to record a new Heart studio album, Jupiter's Darling, the first since 1993. Nancy was co-producer, along with guitarist Craig Bartock who had joined the band. They wrote all the songs for the album except one. To enhance the guitar parts, Nancy got friends Jerry Cantrell of Alice in Chains and Pearl Jam's Mike McCready to contribute.
The album made it to the Billboard Top 100, but sold only 100,000 copies. Nancy and Ann had total artistic control and found it rewarding that critics and fans saw it as one of their best albums. The album was released by Sovereign, which filed for bankruptcy still owing the band thousands of dollars, according to a past entry on the band's website.
Nancy and Ann were now starting to receive recognition for their body of work. As one of a very few bands from the 1970s or 1980s to still be together and performing, they were also in demand for tributes, benefits and retrospectives. These included VH1's "Behind The Music" and the 2007 Country Music Awards where they performed "Crazy on You" with Gretchen Wilson, and a tribute to Brian Wilson of The Beach Boys. They also appeared in "Moms Who Rock" and 2010's "We Are the World 25 for Haiti".
Their early work also began to be introduced to a generation not even born when the sisters first started out. "Barracuda", sung by Fergie, was used in Shrek. Their songs were covered on Glee, American Idol and Dancing with the Stars; they were also used in video games like Guitar Hero II, Guitar Hero III and Grand Theft Auto. In 2008, "What About Love?" reached number 37 on the Hot Canadian Digital Singles chart. "Alone" followed in 2009 at number 44 on the Hot Digital Songs chart.
VH1, who likes to make "Top 100" lists, ranked Heart as #57 among hard rock artists, but omits them from their 2012 list of "100 Greatest Women In Music". (A 1999 version of the list ranked them as #40). On their 2012 list of the "Top 100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs", fans voted "Barracuda" to number 16 and "Magic Man" to number 24.
VH1's "Decades Rock Live" had been in the works for a year by early 2006, and was Heart's biggest concert in decades. But with the health of Nancy's and Ann's mother in decline, they considered cancelling. Their sister Lynn promised to call if anything changed, so Nancy and Ann left for rehearsals in Los Angeles. Just after they left the stage, Lynn called and told them to hurry back.
Most commercial flights were cancelled because of weather, so Nancy and Ann chartered a private plane. They made it home in time and the three sisters sang their mother's favorite songs to her all night long. Nancy and Ann were set to fly to Atlantic City the next morning for the taping and again considered cancelling. They decided that their mother, who had been one of their biggest fans and supporters, would have wanted them to get on with their lives, so they went. Lynn called after the concert to tell them their mother had died.
Nancy went solo again in 2007, with the release of an instructional DVD, "Nancy Wilson – Instructional Acoustic Guitar", by the Hal Leonard Company. Also in 2007, Ann released her first "solo" album, Hope & Glory, which was mainly a number of duets with other successful artists. Nancy featured on three of the 12 tracks.
Separation and divorce
Nancy's marriage to Cameron Crowe began to crumble in 2008. Nancy cites the very different needs she and Cameron had at this time as the reason they separated after being together 27 years. While the breakup was messy, she says they both quickly became "first-rate co-parents". After two years of separation, they divorced in 2010 citing irreconcilable differences.
The year 2009 saw a new kind of tour develop. Not many of the bands remaining from the 1970s or 1980s could fill a large venue, but a combination of them could. So a concert tour which kicked off on July 9 in Denver combined Journey and Cheap Trick with Heart. They also combined with Def Leppard to tour in 2011.
One day in November 2009, Ann collapsed. Her sisters Lynn and Nancy went with her to the doctor, where Ann got the news that she had liver problems resulting from drinking. While she had stopped using drugs at the birth of her daughter, she had increased her drinking; Nancy and other family members and crew had been concerned for some time. They planned to confront her about it, and had even built a break into the tour to allow for treatment. Ann ultimately got therapy on her own.
Red Velvet Car
In late 2009, Nancy and Ann were back in the studio recording their 13th studio album. Red Velvet Car was released in 2010 and included two singles by Nancy: "Hey You", which broke into the top 40 on the Hot Adult Contemporary chart; and "Sunflower", which Nancy wrote for Ann's 60th birthday. The album peaked at number 10 on the Billboard 200 chart and 3 on the Rock Albums chart. With Nancy now aged 56, and Ann about to become a grandmother, the sisters had managed to have albums make it onto Top Ten charts in 4 different decades. The tour also did well, selling out and charting on Billboard just behind those of Lady Gaga and Rihanna.
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Hollywood Walk of Fame
Heart was nominated for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2011. While it is common for bands not to be inducted the first year they are nominated, many Heart fans and rock enthusiasts were disappointed – or outraged – that they were passed over for the likes of the Beastie Boys. On December 11, 2012 it was announced that Heart would be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as part of the Class of 2013, along with Rush, Albert King, Randy Newman, Donna Summer, Public Enemy, Quincy Jones, and Lou Adler.
Fanatic and Strange Euphoria
At the same time, they started compiling their first boxed set, Strange Euphoria (taken from the name of their music publishing company). It includes three CDs of 51 songs, commentary, and a DVD of a 1976 live performance. The Amazon version includes a bonus CD of five Led Zeppelin covers titled "Heart: Zeppish". Included is "Through Eyes and Glass", the single they recorded as teenagers while singing backup to the country singer, as well as early demo versions of staples like Crazy On You and Magic Man.
- Live from McCabe's Guitar Shop (1999)
- DVD: Nancy Wilson – Instructional Acoustic Guitar (2007)
|Little Queen (1977)||"Treat Me Well"|
|Dog & Butterfly (1978)||"Nada One"|
|Bebe le Strange (1980)||"Raised on You"|
|Private Audition (1982)||"One Word"
|Passionworks (1983)||"Love Mistake"|
|Heart (1985)||"These Dreams"|
|Bad Animals (1987)||"There's the Girl"
"Strangers of the Heart"
|"Say Anything..." (1989)||"All for Love"|
"I Want Your World to Turn"
|Desire Walks On (1993)||"Will You Be There (In the Morning)"|
|Jupiter's Darling (2004)||"Things"
"I Need the Rain"
"Led to One"
|Red Velvet Car (2010)||"Sunflower"
|Fanatic (2012)||"Walking Good"
Awards and nominations
- 1997: American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP Award – Top Box Office Films) for Jerry Maguire
- 2012: Star on the Walk of Fame (Recording) – shared with Ann
- 2013: Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Heart
- 2000: Las Vegas Film Critics Society Awards (Sierra Award – Best Score) for Almost Famous
- 2001: Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards (PFCS Award – Best Original Score) for Almost Famous
- 2001: BAFTA (Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music) for Almost Famous
- 2002: Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, USA (Saturn Award – Best Music) for Vanilla Sky
- 2006: Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards (Critics Choice Award – Best Composer) for Elizabethtown
- Heart Discography (Albums, Singles, Chart Performance, Music Videos)
- Ann Wilson
- Roger Fisher
- Michael Fisher
- Steve Fossen
- Michael DeRosier
- Howard Leese
- Mike Flicker
- Mushroom Records
- See Heartless for more details on contract dispute
- Note: Other sources say that Michael's visit was in 1970, and a third set of sources say it was in 1972. See Talk:Heart (band) for details.
- The term "manager" is probably a de facto designation and seems to have included the duties of engineer, producer, manager, publicity and light man, as might be expected with a small start up band. In the "VH1 Behind the Music" interview, Ann refers to him as the group's manager, but there are no such credits for him on any of Heart's albums, nor are there any musical credits for him. On the Dreamboat Annie album cover, he is credited with "Special Direction". "Manager" is used here on the basis that Ann Wilson used it, and she is a credible and authoritative source.
- Fossen had been with the band for 15 years, or perhaps 19 years. The various sources are divided about the date that Steve and Roger formed "The Army" – some say 1967, others say 1963. Refer to the Heart (band) article for more information.
- Crandall, Bill. 10 musicians who saw the Beatles standing there. CBS News, February 6, 2014.
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch. 4, "Meet the Beatles"
- "The Great Mandala (The Wheel of Life)" appeared on the B-side of "I Dig Rock and Roll Music" in 1967.
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 6 - Cryin' in the Chapel
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 7 - A Boy and His Dog
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 8 - She's Here to Sing
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012); Chapter 9 - The Whisper That Calls
- "Fisher Q&A". Retrieved Dec 2011. "The Fisher brothers had a number of bands using the names Army, White Heart, Hocus Pocus and finally Heart, before Nancy and even Ann joined. In a March 2008 Q&A entry on his website, Roger Fisher explained how the name 'Heart' ended up with the Wilsons rather than the Fishers. According to Roger, the Heart Partnership was created at a time when Michael and Ann were happily involved, as were Nancy and Roger. The Fisher brothers decided that the Wilson sisters should have 51% of the partnership, subsequently allowing the sisters to use the name after the brothers departed."
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 10 - The Impossible Perfect Thing
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 11 - The Northern Lights
- Shelley Siegel, A Canadian Success Story Not To Be Forgotten, Cash Box Canada. Retrieved April 4, 2011
- Dreamboat Annie album cover and record sleeve, 1976, Mushroom Records Inc., Los Angeles, CA
- VH1 Behind the Music episode 108 Behind The Music Remastered - Heart
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Prologue
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 12 - Burn to the Wick
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 5 - Blood Harmony
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 13 - Natural Fantasies
- "Barracuda Peaks at #11". Billboard. Retrieved November 2012.
- Fisher, Roger. "Fisher Q&A". Retrieved Dec 2011. Roger later said that it was during the Dog & Butterfly sessions that he first began to feel as if he were being "edged out".
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 14 - Ocean Upon Sky
- The vote to oust Roger from the band is often reported as unanimous. ("VH1's Behind The Music", "Kicking and Dreaming", Ch 14). Roger, however, later recalled in a Feb 14, 2012 interview with the examiner.com, that there was one vote in his favor.
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 15 - Blows Against The Empire
- "Heart Chart History". "AllMusic is cited in some cases because the chart history engine at Billboard seems inaccurate for at least some albums prior to the mid-1980s. It indicates that "Dreamboat Annie" and Prince's "Let's Go Crazy" never made the 200 chart."
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 16 - Heartless
- "Billboard Chart for March 1986". billboard.com. 1986-03-22.
- "RIAA Certified Gold, Platinum and Multi-Platinum Database".
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 17 - Leave It to Cleavage
- Billboard Hot 100, March 22, 1986
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 18 - Junior's Farm
- "Alone" was back in the charts 22 years later, (Feb 2009), at #44 on the Digital Songs chart.
- "There's the Girl". December 1987. It reentered the charts at the same spot more than a year later in January 1988.
- "Bad Animals". billboard.com. August 1987.
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 19 - The Battle For Evermore
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 20 - Live from the Doubletree Inn
- "Classic Tracks". 1999. Retrieved October 2012. "The article includes many technical details such as the models of equipment used on various recordings."
- "Chart of Heart's Singles and Album performance".
- "The Cover Zone - Celebrating the Women of Rock". Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 21 - The Other Half of the Sky
- BelieverMag - Nancy Wilson Interview
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 22 - The Boys March In
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 23 - Send Up a Flare
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 24 - I Can See Russia
- "VH1 Top 100 Hard Rock Artists".
- "VH1 Top 100 Women in Music".
- VH1 Top 100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs
- Kicking and Dreaming (2012), Ch 25 - Hope and Glory
- "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame". rockhall.com. 2012.
- Heart Hollywood Walk of Fame
- Heart Honored With Star
- Heart's Nancy Wilson Is Married, www.usmagazine.com
- Heart's Nancy Wilson Marries Glee Exec, 2012-05-02, sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com
- Heart rocks on with Fanatic, Weekly chart notes, billboard.com
- Wilson, Ann; Wilson, Nancy; Cross, Charles (2012). Kicking & Dreaming: A Story of Heart, Soul, and Rock & Roll. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-210167-9.