Nand Singh

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Nand Singh
Nand Singh VC IWM IND 3975.jpg
Nand Singh in 1944
Born 24 September 1914 (1914-09-24)
Died 12 December 1947(1947-12-12) (aged 33)
Uri, Kashmir
Allegiance British India
 India
Service/branch British Indian Army
Indian Army
Rank Acting Naik (British Indian Army)
Jemadar (Indian Army)
Unit 1/11th Sikh Regiment
1 Sikh
Battles/wars

World War II

Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Awards Victoria Cross
MVC

Nand Singh VC MVC (24 September 1914 – 12 December 1947) was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross,[1] the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Biography[edit]

World War II[edit]

He was 29 years old, and an Acting Naik in the 1/11th Sikh Regiment, in the Indian Army during World War II when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

On 11/12 March 1944 on the Maungdaw-Buthidaung Road, Burma (now Myanmar), Naik Nand Singh, commanding a leading section of the attack, was ordered to recapture a position gained by the enemy. He led his section up a very steep knife-edged ridge under very heavy machine-gun and rifle fire and although wounded in the thigh, captured the first trench. He then crawled forward alone and, wounded again in the face and shoulder, nevertheless captured the second and third trenches.

Later life[edit]

He later achieved the rank of Jemadar in the post-independence Indian Army, and his unit 1 Sikh was the first to be involved in the Jammu & Kashmir Operations or Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 which began in October 1947 as Indian troops went into action to repel a planned invasion of J&K by raiders from Pakistan.

On 12 December 1947 Nand Singh led his platoon of D Coy in a desperate but successful attack to extricate his battalion from an ambush in the hills SE of Uri in Kashmir. He was mortally injured by a close-quarters machine-gun burst, and posthumously awarded the Maha Vir Chakra(MVC), the second-highest Indian decoration for battlefield gallantry. This makes Nand Singh unique in the annals of VC winners. The Pakistanis recognised Singh because of his VC ribbon. His body was taken Muzaffarabad where it was tied spreadeagled on a truck and paraded through the city with a loudspeaker proclaiming that this would be the fate of every Indian VC. The soldier’s body was later thrown into a garbage dump, and was never recovered.[2][3]

Singh belonged to Village Bahadurpur now in district - Mansa, Punjab. A bus stand in town Bareta Shaheed Nand Singh Viktoria Bus Stand is named in his memory. A statue has also been established in Bathinda (locally known as Fauji Chowck) as a memorial for the great warrior.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Victoria Cross Society". Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "tribuneindia...Book Reviews". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 6 December 2011. 
  3. ^ "The Tribune - Magazine section - Saturday Extra". Tribuneindia.com. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 6 December 2011. 
  • History of Operations in Jammu & Kashmir 1947-48 by Ministry of Defence, Govt. of India, New Delhi 1987

External links[edit]