Nandan (Kolkata)

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Nandan
Nandan - Kolkata 2011-01-09 0153.JPG
Façade of Nandan
Alternative names West Bengal Film Centre
General information
Status Active
Architectural style Modern
Location A.J.C. Bose Road and Cathedral Road junction
Address 1/1, Lala Lajpat Rai Sarani, A J C Bose Road[1]
Town or city Kolkata
Country India
Coordinates 22°39′51″N 88°23′31″E / 22.664173°N 88.391888°E / 22.664173; 88.391888Coordinates: 22°39′51″N 88°23′31″E / 22.664173°N 88.391888°E / 22.664173; 88.391888
Inaugurated 2 September 1985
Renovated April 2011
Owner West Bengal Government
Design and construction
Architect Amitabha Sengupta
Other information
Seating capacity Nandan I: 931
Nandan II: 200
Nandan III: 100

Nandan is a government-sponsored film and cultural centre in Kolkata, India.[2] The primary aim of the cultural hub is to encourage and facilitate cinematic awareness in society. It includes a few comparatively large screens housed in an impressively architectured building.

The foundation stone of Nandan was laid by former Chief Minister of West Bengal Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee and was officially inaugurated on 2 September 1985 by film-maker Satyajit Ray. The complex, besides being a modern cinema and cultural complex, is a popular destination for the young and the aged alike.

Nandan is one of the main venues of the Kolkata International Film Festival, hosting it till 2010.In 2011 the ceremony was shifted to Netaji Indoor Stadium.

History[edit]

The foundation stone of Nandan was laid by former Chief Minister of West Bengal Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee in 1980[3] and it was inaugurated by Satyajit Ray in 1985.[4] He designed the now-famous logo for the complex as well.[5] Initially, Nandan had two auditoriums, a third auditorium was made soon after.[6]

In April 2011, the false ceiling of a Nandan auditorium crashed down. Right after the incident, the West Bengal government decided to refurbish Nandan, starting the renovation work with the construction of a new false ceiling for Nandan I. For the first phase of the renovation project, West Government gave INR2.5 million (US$41,000) to the Nandan authorities.[5] The restoration works completed weeks before the 2011 Kolkata International Film Festival.[6]

As of February 2013 The Nandan committee is headed by Bengali film director Sandip Ray. Few other members of the managing committee are Aparna Sen, Prabhat Roy, Ranjit Mullick etc.[7]

Nandan and Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee[edit]

Ex Chief Minister of West Bengal Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee has a long relation with Nandan. In 1980 he laid the foundation stone of the theatre and for a long time Nandan was his favourite haunt.

Ex Chief Minister of West Bengal Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee has a long relation with Nandan. In 1980 he laid the foundation stone of the theatre. After losing the 1982 assembly election from Cossipore, he did not come to Nandan till 1987, when he changed constituency to Jadavpur and after winning the election.[3]

After becoming the Chief Minister of West Bengal in 2001, he started visiting the auditorium more frequently. Till 1995 he did not have own room here. Then he got a 300 sqft carpeted room on Nandan's second floor. Here he often used to meet personalities like Sunil Gangopadhyay, Soumitra Chatterjee etc. and proofread his writings on Manik Bandopadhyay or Jibanananda Das.[3]

After being defeated at the 2011 assembly elections of West Bengal by the Trinamool congress candidate Manish Gupta, Bhattacharjee stopped coming here. According to a report published in The Telegraph in July 2011, two months after West Bengal's assembly elections, Bhattacharjee almost stopped visiting his favourite evening spot.[8]

Arrest of artists during 2007 Kolkata International Film Festival[edit]

On 11 November 2007 afternoon, actors, artists and writers of West Bengal were demonstrating at a protest in Cathedral Road against Nandigram violence in which at least 14 people died. At the same time, the Kolkata International Film Festival was going on in the theatres on Nandan. Kolkata Police and Rapid Action Force personnel were sent to the spot who arrested nearly 100 protesters including 20 women. The list of people who were arrested on the day included actor Parambrata Chatterjee, actress Bidipta Chakraborty etc. They were released after five hours after a meeting between deputy commissioner (headquarters) Vineet Goyel and a group of protesters lead by director Aparna Sen, Gautam Ghose and Bengali poet Sankha Ghosh. Later, actor Parambrata Chatterjee told that he could not figure out the reason of the arrest— "I don’t know on what grounds we were arrested. We did not step into Nandan, nor did we have any arms and ammunition. We were sitting outside the Academy of Fine Arts, singing."[9]

Programs and festivals[edit]

Deceased poet Sunil Gangopadhyaya in Krittibash book stall in little magazine festival in Nandan

Nandan has been a cultural hub of Kolkata for a long time. Memorial lectures and special programs are organised here on regular basis. Nandan also organises a Social Communication Film Festival in collaboration with Roopkala Kendra.[2]

Kolkata International Film Festival[edit]

Kolkata International Film Festival started in 1995 and is India's second oldest film festival. Nandan is one of the main venues of this festival.[2] Till 2010 the film festival used to be inaugurated at Nandan. In 2011, Mamat Banerjee, after becoming the Chief Minister of West Bengal, shifted the ceremony from Nandan to the Netaji Indoor Stadium.[6]

Little Magazine Festival[edit]

A little magazine festival is organised by Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi in the Nandan premises every year.[10] The festival commenced in 2001.[11] Little magazine publishers from outside India (like Bangladesh) have also joined this festival.[12]

Controversies[edit]

There have been complaints against Nandan that screening of controversial films are often shunned here on political pressure. In 2005 Nandan committee disallowed screening of Herbert commenting the film would send out wrong signals to audiences.[6] One Day from a Hangman's Life directed by Joshy Joseph was banned here after getting instruction from the Chief Minister of West Bengal.[13] Arekti Premer Golpo (2010), directed by Kaushik Ganguly, which dealt with homosexuality, was also barred at this theatre. Moinak Biswas, associate professor at Jadavpur University, whose film Sthaniyo Sangbad was disallowed in Nandan in 2010 commented— "Since all these films, including mine, had a censor certificate, it wasn’t Nandan's role to play super censor."[6] In May 2013, the theatre refused to screen the Bengali film Kagojer Nouka directed by Partha Sarathi Jowardar. The film revolved around a chit fund scam. Jowardar told to media that they sent the movie to Nandan authority for preview but he thought he did not even see the film before barring it.[14][15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nandan 1 KFF". KFF. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Nandan West Bengal Film Center". West Bengal Government. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "The ‘unthinkable’: A Nandan minus its mascot". The Telegraph Calcutta. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Kolkata: City Guide. Goodearth Publications. 2011. pp. 66–67. ISBN 978-93-80262-15-4. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Auditorium on stilts in Nandan plan". The Telegraph Calcutta. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Nandan's litmus test". Live Mint. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "Cultural hubs on their knees". Telegraph Calcutta. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "For CM, it's party before Nandan – How red was our culture valley then". The Telegraph (Calcutta). Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "Actors locked up in protest swoop". The Telegraph (Calcutta). Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Adda of Kolkata". Sabjanta. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "Fairs and Festivals". West Bengal Government. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "Bangladesh little mag editors attend festival in Kolkata". The Financial Express. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "A free spirit on celluloid". The Tribune. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  14. ^ "WB: Mamata government-owned theatre refuses to screen 'Kagojer Nouka'". IBNLive. May 14, 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  15. ^ "Little screen space for film on chit funds". Indian Express. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 

External links[edit]