Nandi Thimmana

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Nandi Thimmana (Telugu: నంది తిమ్మన) (15th and 16th centuries CE) was a Telugu poet and one of the Astadiggajas (literally eight elephants) in the court of the king Krishnadevaraya.

Biography[edit]

Thimmana is believed to be from Anantapur and was born to Singanna and Thimmamaamba. He lived in a subkingdom of the Vijayanagara Empire, whose princess was Thirumaladevi. He entered Krishnadevaraya's court along with Thirumaladevi, when the king married her.

He was a Saiva and was a disciple of Guru Aghora Siva, yet some of his works are based on Vaishanavism because of imperial patronage. His uncles Nandi Mallaya and Ganta Singana (known as Malaya Maruta) were a famous poetic pair in the court of Viranarasimha Raya, half-brother of Krishnadevaraya.

He was more popular as Mukku Thimmana because of his poem on a beautiful nose. Mukku means nose in Telugu.

Style[edit]

Unlike his contemporaries like Allasani Peddana, he did not use long and complex words and used only soft and simple Telugu words. His works are also understandable to non scholars and his poetry is fondly called as Mukka Timmana Muddu Paluku (means Sweet words of Mukku Thimmana) in Telugu. Parijatapaharanam is famous for many soft romantic poems still popular in Telugu.

He did many poetic experiments in his works. One such experiment is called Chitra Kavita (means magical poems). All four lines of a few poems can be read from either direction and all lines are palindromes ignoring spaces. He composed a poem that can be read from end or start, where all four lines together form a palindrome. He also composed a poem with only two letters ('na' and 'ma'). He also presented Garbha Kavita (means hidden poems) in a few poems, where an entire poem will have two different meanings. sai

Sample poetry[edit]

The following is the beautiful poem he has written on the nose. That is why he is well known as Mukku Timmana నానాసూనవితాన వాసనల నానందించు సారంగ మే లా న న్నొల్లదటంచు, గంధఫలి బల్కాకం తపంబంది యో షానాసాకృతి బూని సర్వసుమనస్సౌరభ్యసంవాస మై పూనెం బ్రేక్షణమాలికామధుకరీ పుంజంబునిర్వంకలన్

Awards and Titles[edit]

  • He had written a celebrated poem on ladies' nose and he was often called as Mukku Timmana in recognition of it.

Notable Works[edit]