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|• Type||Municipal Committee|
|• City||19.00 km2 (7.34 sq mi)|
|Elevation||203 m (666 ft)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
The town was originally called Nandalluru. It derives its name from Nandi, the vehicle of Siva. It is surrounded by nine nandis and hence the name Nandyala. The temples draw pilgrims from various places. It had a population of 200,746 at the time of the 2011 Census.
The name Nandyal is from the word "Nandi Alayam". This place is approximately center point of nine Nandi temples, and it has been an important pilgrimage site since the days of the Vijayanagar Kingdom owing to its nine Nandi temples. It was the introduction of railways in 1890, however, that led to its rapid development. It became a municipality in 1900 and was visited, among others, by Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Indira Gandhi.
Nandyal is surrounded by hills, while the Kundu River on its west. The Nallamala Hills to the east are dense forest, granite mines towards south.
The town is rich in water resources like reservoirs. These give it an equitable climate throughout the year. However, summers can be particularly hot. The average temperature is around 28 °C.
Nandyal is surrounded by nine temples of Lord Siva, called Nava Nandi. These nine temples are Mahanandi, Sivanandi, Vinayakanandi, Somanandi, Prathamanandi, Garudanandi, Suryanandi, Krishnanandi (also called Vishnunandi) and Naganandi. Mahanadi is the most famous of all. Omkaram is another famous Siva temple very close to Nandyal. They attract a large number of devotees throughout the year. Sri Yaganti Uma Maheswara Temple near Nandyal is having the world's largest Nandi idol. The devotees believe that the Nandi idol in front of the temple is continuously increasing its size. As per Archaeological Survey of India the rock grows at the rate of 1 inch per 20 years (10 mm per 8 years).
Nandyal is also the gateway to Belum Caves, Mahanandi and Srisailam. Nandyal is a Diocese under the Church of South India, and it has a beautiful cathedral which was constructed and dedicated in 1905.
There is one more Siva temple Called Rudra Koduru, situated in Nallamalla forest. From Nandyal, it is around 50 km towards Atamkur. Even there is an ancient Sraswathi temple called Kolanu Bharathi situated in Nallamall forest, which is also a sacred place to visit.
Flora and Fauna
Gundla Brahmeswaram Wildlife Sanctuary is located about 30 km from Nandyal railway station. It occupies an area of over 1194 km2 The perennial Gundlakamma River flows through the sanctuary is the life-line of the wildlife sanctuary as it presents a varied habitat for wild life. The wildlife include Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog, Striped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Tufted Gray Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Indian Pangolin, Sambar Deer, Nilgai, Four-horned Antelope, Chinkara, Mouse Deer, Monitor Lizard, Indian Rock Python and Marsh Crocodile.
The sanctuary is covered by mixed deciduous forests and abounds in plants that have immense ethno-botanical value. In fact, the sanctuary is renowned as one of the most picturesque forest areas in India. The sanctuary boasts of a rich and diverse flora that comprises trees like Teak, Shisham, Boswellia, Terminalia, Dalbergia and Bamboo.
The main export items are cement, sugar, PVC pipes, ethanol, oil, cotton. The seed industry has been flourishing for 30 years. It is also a busy business centrist area. There are many cement factories around Nandyal. Nandi group is the major exporter of Nandi Pipes, Nandi dairy, Panyam cement, Nandi Group of Companies, AP Dairy with "Milk Products Factory" of Vijaya brand Sugar Factory along with other Companies in different sectors.
The major crops cultivated here are paddy, jowar, and cotton. Other crops that are grown here are groundnuts, Bengal gram, sunflower, toor dal, mustard seeds and sugar cane. The vegetation of most famous Polur Brinjals has its native here. Other vegetables include Chillies, Cucumber, Tomatoes, Ridge Gourd, Indian Broad Beans, Cluster Beans. All types of leafy vegetables are grown here. The soil here is of mixed varieties making it suitable to grow many crops. The world famous variety of mangoes are grown in Banganapalli.
Commercial crops like Castor Seeds are also grown. Bananas are extensively grown in and around Nandyal though its productivity declined gradually. National Seed Corporation Ltd is established at Noonepalli, Nandyal which ensures to meet the demand for quality seed of the farmers.
A Lok Sabha constituency is named after the city. P.V. Narasimha Rao was an Indian lawyer, politician, and activist who served as the ninth Prime Minister of India (1991–1996), registered his record-breaking victory in 1992 from here.
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982, and the only person to be elected President of India unopposed, fought the Lok Sabha election from Nandyal constituency as a Janata Party candidate. He was the only non-Congress candidate to get elected from Andhra Pradesh. He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977. This is only constituency which has given a President and a Prime Minister to India.
Pendekanti Venkatasubbaiah was an Indian politician. He was the Governor of Bihar from 15 March 1985 to 25 February 1988 and the Governor of Karnataka, India from 26 February 1988 to 5 February 1990.He was elected to the Lok Sabha and was the Union Minister of State for Home and Parliamentary Affairs in both Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi cabinet.He was also elected as Member of Parliament from Nandyal constituency for three times from Indian National Congress party.
The city is well connected both by roads and railways.
The NH18 in Nandyal which is well connected to Kurnool, Tirupathi, Kadapa etc. State owned APSRTC run bus services from Nandyal to major cities like Tirupati, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Vijayawada etc. Buses also ply to parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu such as Bengaluru, Bellary and Chennai.
The city is the major junction for Railways because of its geographic location. Nandyala railway station is a major station on the Guntur division of South Central Railway and has direct trains to Bengaluru, Secunderabad and Howrah. A new line to Yerraguntla is under construction. Within the town, auto rickshaws and rented cars are a common means of commutation.
Achievements and facts
Nandyal ranked as 132nd cleanest city in India, with a total of 38.640 points, according to a survey by the Ministry of Urban Development.
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 18, page 363 – Imperial Gazetteer of India – Digital South Asia Library. Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved on 2011-11-29.