Nandyal

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Nandyal
నంద్యాల
City
Nandyal.jpg
Nandyal is located in Andhra Pradesh
Nandyal
Nandyal
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 15°29′N 78°29′E / 15.48°N 78.48°E / 15.48; 78.48Coordinates: 15°29′N 78°29′E / 15.48°N 78.48°E / 15.48; 78.48
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Kurnool
Government
 • Type Municipal Committee
Area
 • City 19.00 km2 (7.34 sq mi)
Elevation 203 m (666 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • City 200,746
 • Rank 228
 • Density 11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[2] 211,787
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 518 xxx
Vehicle registration AP–21
Website Nandyal Municipality
Navanandi route map from Nandyal

Nandyal is a city in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[3] It is a municipality and the headquarters of Nandyal mandal [4] and is situated on the bank of River Kundu. The city was ranked as 131st cleanest city in India, with a total of 38.640 points, according to a survey by the Ministry of Urban Development.[5]

Etymology[edit]

The town was originally called Nandalluru. It derives its name from Nandi, the vehicle of Siva. It is surrounded by nine nandis and hence the name Nandyala. The temples draw pilgrims from various places. It had a population of 200,746 at the time of the 2011 Census.

History[edit]

The name Nandyal is from the word "Nandi Alayam". This place is approximately center point of nine Nandi temples, and it has been an important pilgrimage site since the days of the Vijayanagar Kingdom owing to its nine Nandi temples. It was the introduction of railways in 1890, however, that led to its rapid development. It became a municipality in 1900 and was visited, among others, by Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Indira Gandhi.

Geography[edit]

Nandyal is surrounded by hills, while the Kundu River on its west. The Nallamala Hills to the east are dense forest, granite mines towards south.

The town is rich in water resources like reservoirs. These give it an equitable climate throughout the year. However, summers can be particularly hot. The average temperature is around 28 °C.

Tourism[edit]

Nandyal is surrounded by nine temples of Lord Siva, called Nava Nandi. These nine temples are Mahanandi, Sivanandi, Vinayakanandi, Somanandi, Prathamanandi, Garudanandi, Suryanandi, Krishnanandi (also called Vishnunandi) and Naganandi. Sri Yaganti Uma Maheswara Temple near Nandyal is having the world's largest Nandi idol. As per Archaeological Survey of India the rock grows at the rate of 1 inch (2.5 cm) per 20 years. Nandyal is also the gateway to Belum Caves, Mahanandi and Srisailam.[6]

Economy[edit]

The city is a major hub of industry and agriculture. It is rich in natural resources like granite and marble.

Industries

The main export items are cement, sugar, PVC pipes, ethanol, oil, cotton. The seed industry has been flourishing for 30 years. It is also a busy business centrist area. There are many cement factories around Nandyal. Nandi group is the major exporter of Nandi Pipes, Nandi dairy, Panyam cement, Nandi Group of Companies, AP Dairy with "Milk Products Factory" of Vijaya brand Sugar Factory along with other Companies in different sectors.

Agriculture

The major crops cultivated here are paddy, jowar, and cotton. Other crops that are grown here are groundnuts, Bengal gram, sunflower, toor dal, mustard seeds and sugar cane. The vegetation of most famous Polur Brinjals has its native here. Other vegetables include Chillies, Cucumber, Tomatoes, Ridge Gourd, Indian Broad Beans, Cluster Beans. All types of leafy vegetables are grown here. The soil here is of mixed varieties making it suitable to grow many crops. The world famous variety of mangoes are grown in Banganapalli.

Commercial crops like Castor Seeds are also grown. Bananas are extensively grown in and around Nandyal though its productivity declined gradually. National Seed Corporation Ltd is established at Noonepalli, Nandyal which ensures to meet the demand for quality seed of the farmers.

Politics[edit]

A Lok Sabha constituency is named after the city. P.V. Narasimha Rao was an Indian lawyer, politician, and activist who served as the ninth Prime Minister of India (1991–1996), registered his record-breaking victory in 1992 from here.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982, and the only person to be elected President of India unopposed, fought the Lok Sabha election from Nandyal constituency as a Janata Party candidate. He was the only non-Congress candidate to get elected from Andhra Pradesh in that Loksabha elections. He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977. This is only constituency which has given a President and a Prime Minister to India.[citation needed]

Pendekanti Venkatasubbaiah was an Indian politician. He was the Governor of Bihar from 15 March 1985 to 25 February 1988 and the Governor of Karnataka, India from 26 February 1988 to 5 February 1990.He was elected to the Lok Sabha and was the Union Minister of State for Home and Parliamentary Affairs in both Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi cabinet.He was also elected as Member of Parliament from Nandyal constituency for three times from Indian National Congress party.

Transport[edit]

The city is well connected by road and railways.

Roadways

The NH18 in Nandyal which is well connected to Kurnool, Tirupathi, Kadapa etc. State owned APSRTC run bus services from Nandyal to major cities like Tirupati, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Vijayawada etc. Buses also ply to parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu such as Bengaluru, Bellary and Chennai.

Railways

Nandyal railway station is administered under Guntur railway division of South Central Railways.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "Mandal wise villages" (PDF). Revenue Department - AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 10. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 339. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "Rank of Cities on Sanitation 2009-2010" (PDF). Rediff News. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  6. ^ Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 18, page 363 – Imperial Gazetteer of India – Digital South Asia Library. Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved on 2011-11-29.
  7. ^ "Kolakalur railway station info". India Rail Info. Retrieved 30 July 2014.