Nang Tani (Thai: นางตานี), also known as Nang Phrai Tani (นางพราย), Nang Fa Tani (นางฟ้าตานี), Phi Tani (ผีตานี), Mae Phrai Tani (แม่พรายตานี) or simply as Tani (ตานี), is a female spirit of the Thai folklore. According to folk tradition this ghost appears as a young woman that haunts wild banana trees (Musa balbisiana), known as in Thai language as Kluai Tani (กล้วยตานี).
Nang Tani belongs to a type of female ghosts or fairies related to trees known generically as Nang Mai (นางไม้) in the Thai lore. There is a similar spirit in the Cambodian folklore, as well as in the Lao popular tradition.
This ghost inhabits the clumps of wild banana trees and is popularly represented as a beautiful young woman wearing a green traditional Thai costume. Most of the time Phi Tani remains hidden, but she comes out of the tree and becomes visible especially on full moon nights. She has a greenish complexion, blending with the tree. She generally appears in a standing position and her feet don't touch the ground, but hover slightly above it. In some modern representations the lower part of her body is represented with an immaterial quality, her waist cloth ending in a kind of wisp emanating from the tree trunk. Nang Tani generally has a gentle disposition and may give food to passing Buddhist monks.
It is considered a bad omen to cut trees from the clump Tani inhabits. Offerings are made to her in the form of sweets, incense sticks and flowers. Often people also tie a length of colored satin cloth around the trunk of the banana tree believed to be haunted by her. The Kluai Tani type of banana trees do not belong to the cultivated varieties. Owing to their connection with ghosts, people prefer not to have them growing near their homes and they are not found within village compounds. However, clumps of this tree are found not far from inhabited areas, often at the outskirts of villages or at the edge of cultivated fields by the roadside. They look very much like average banana trees, but their fruits are not edible. Their leaves are commonly used in Thailand to wrap locally-produced sweets and the inflorescence for the treatment of ulcers in traditional medicine.
Legends of the Thai oral tradition say that this spirit may harm men, especially those who have wronged women, but it is mostly considered benevolent. Amulets featuring Nang Tani are popular and come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Some people tie lengths of colored silk around the trunks of the banana trees reputed to be haunted by Nang Tani.
Nang Tani is a popular folk spirit that has been featured in some Thai films such as Nang Phrai Thani (นางพรายตานี), a film made in 1967 that has become a classic. Nang Thani (นางตานี), Thani Thi Rak (ตานีที่รัก), Monrak Nang Prai vs. Nang Tani (มนต์รักนางพราย ปะทะ นางตานี) and 2000 film Phrai Thani (พรายตานี), are less important movies in which the banana tree ghost plays the main role. She also plays a role in other films such as horror movie Nang Phrai Khanong Rak (นางพรายคะนองรัก), among others. Tani appeared as well as in a Sylvania light bulb commercial for Thai audiences.
This female ghost is much loved in Thai popular culture, representations and stories about her, sometimes humorous, are common in Thai comic books and story books. Tani has a role as well in the Nak animated movie.
- "Banana Tree Prai Lady Ghost". Thailand-amulets.net. 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2012-08-26.
- Nang Tani image
- Thailand, Types of Thai Ghosts and Spirits
- "Spirits". Thaiworldview.com. Retrieved 2012-08-26.
- Kluai Tani trees
- Plant use in Southern Thailand
- Phi Krahang
- Nang Tani Amulet
- Silk cloth offering around the trunk of the Kluai Tani tree
- Nang Phrai Thani movie
- Nang Phrai Thani movie poster
- Nang Thani movie
- Thani Thi Rak movie
- Monrak Nang Prai vs. Nang Tani
- Phrai Thani (2534)
- "นางพรายคะนองรัก", Nang Phrai Khanong Rak
- Sylvania light bulb commercial
- Tani picture
- Phi Tani comic vignette
- Nang Tani cartoon
- Comic Vignette of Nang Tani
- Phi Tani book cover
- Thai popular spirits
- Nang Tani poster
- Thai horror movies
- ชวนไปดู มหัศจรรย์ กล้วยตานี ปลีดั่งดอกบัว (in Thai)
- Nang Tani and Nang Takian (in Thai)