Nankai District

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Nankai
南开区
District
East Gate of Old Tianjin City
East Gate of Old Tianjin City
Coordinates: 39°08′18″N 117°09′0″E / 39.13833°N 117.15000°E / 39.13833; 117.15000Coordinates: 39°08′18″N 117°09′0″E / 39.13833°N 117.15000°E / 39.13833; 117.15000
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Tianjin
Township-level divisions 12 subdistricts
Area
 • Total 40.64 km2 (15.69 sq mi)
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population
 • Total 811,000
 • Density 20,000/km2 (52,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Tianjin district map
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Airplane silhouette.svg
     Core districts
See inset
1 Heping
2 Hedong
3 Hexi
4 Nankai
5 Hebei
6 Hongqiao
     Suburbs
7 Dongli
8 Xiqing
9 Jinnan
10 Beichen
     Binhai and      Rural
13 Binhai 14 Ninghe Co.
11 Wuqing 15 Jinghai Co.
12 Baodi 16 Ji Co.
Website tjnk.gov.cn

Nankai District (simplified Chinese: 南开区; traditional Chinese: 南開區; pinyin: Nánkāi Qū) is a district of Tianjin, People's Republic of China. Nankai District borders the Hai River in the east and Chentangzhuang Railway in the west and south.

A number of important Tianjin landmarks lie in the district including the Tianjin Museum, Tianjin Radio and Television Tower, Tianjin Water Park, Tianjin Zoo and Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium. Nankai is also home to the city's most prestigious educational institutions including Tianjin University and Nankai University. The Tianjin New Technology Industrial Area, a 12 square km precinct, is also located in Nankai.

History[edit]

Historically, northern parts of Nankai District were located inside ancient Tianjin. The Tianfei Palace or Palace of the Queen of Heaven of the Yuan Dynasty was built in north-eastern Nankai in the year 1326. In the Ming Dynasty, the heart of the city of Tianjin was set up in Nankai. Nankai became part of the military garrisons during the Ming and Qing Dynasties and the city wall served as a major defense system against foreign invasion in the late 19th century.

Administrative divisions[edit]

There are 12 subdistricts in the district:[1]

Geography[edit]

Nankai District is located in the south-west corner of the urban Tianjin, bordered by Hongqiao District to the north, Hebei and Heping Districts to the north-east, Hexi District to the east and Xiqing District to the south-west. It occupies an area of 40.64 square kilometres (15.69 sq mi). The natural topography is characterised by higher elevation in the north of the district and a lower elevation in the south, with the average altitude being 3 metres.

Demographics[edit]

Nankai District has been one of the fastest growing districts in Tianjin since the formation of the People's Republic of China. The population was 220,000 in 1949. In 2006, the population was 925,000 and the density was 19621/km2 (50818/sq. mi.).

The rate of population growth has been negative since 1993 with the birth rate averaging 3.97% and death rate registering 4.56% in 2005.

The majority of people in Nankai District are Han Chinese. Small populations of ethnic minorities such as the Hui, Manchu and Mongol peoples also exist.

Education[edit]

Universities

Parks[edit]

Tianjin Zoo (天津动物园)

Tianjin Water Park (天津水上公园)

Changhong Park (长虹公园)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:南开区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 

People's Government of Tianjin Nankai District English Website