Nankana Sahib District

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ضِلع ننكانہ صاحِب

ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ

ضِلع ننكانہ صاحِب
District
Nankana Sahib District (Khairpur Bhattian)
Nankana Sahib District
Nankana Sahib District
Coordinates: 31°26′58″N 73°42′23″E / 31.449561°N 73.70648°E / 31.449561; 73.70648Coordinates: 31°26′58″N 73°42′23″E / 31.449561°N 73.70648°E / 31.449561; 73.70648
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Capital Nankana Sahib
Established May 2005
Headquarters Nankana Sahib
Area
 • Total 2,960 km2 (1,140 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 1,410,000
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
District Council 3 seats
Number of Tehsils 3

Nankana Sahib District (Urdu: ضِلع ننكانہ صاحِب‎) (Punjabi: Shahmukhi: ضِلع ننكانہ صاحِب Gurumukhi: ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ) is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Nankana Sahib is the seat of the district government, and Shahkot is the largest urban center. The district of Nankana Sahib is located about 75 kilometres (47 mi) west of Lahore and about 55 kilometres (34 mi) east of Faisalabad.

Administration[edit]

The area around Nankana Sahib was formerly a tehsil of Sheikhupura District. In May 2005, the Punjab government decided to raise the status of Nankana Sahib to that of a district[1] as a way of promoting development in the area, and investment from Indian Sikhs.

Nankana Sahib District is administratively subdivided into three tehsils. These are:

On 1 December 2008 Safdarabad was reattached to Sheikhupura District

District development[edit]

The state government as well as private entrepreneurs have planned to develop Nankana Sahib District with various projects, including:

  • A rest house for Sikh pilgrims
  • A new International Hotel for the people of the district
  • A shopping mall
  • A housing scheme
  • A modern hospital
  • A road-link to the Lahore and Faisalabad dual-carriageway
  • District Complex Nankana Sahib
  • The International Guru Nanak University

In addition, the possibility of the development of an airport has been raised.[2]

The Punjab government decided to link Nankana Sahib District with the provincial capital, Lahore. With these plans the Punjab government is completing "Khanqah Dogran Interchange" (on the M-2) very swiftly, which is a helpful project to develop the newly created District of Nankana Sahib. This will also give access to the Grand Trunk Road, which leads to the Indian Punjab from the Wagah border. Recently, a Nankana Sahib-Amritsar bus was inaugurated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India.[3]

District Departments[edit]

  • District Education Department
  • District Health care Department
  • District Police Department
  • District Law and Order Department
  • District Agriculture Department
  • District Finance Department
  • District Development Department
  • District Transportation Department
  • District Infrastructure Department
  • District Telecommunications Department
  • District Human Right Department
  • Deputy District Officers
  • Religious Department
  • Election Commission Department
  • Nadra Department
  • Tehsil Municipal Administration Department
  • Wapda Department
  • Industrial Department
  • District Fishers Department
  • District Forest Department

Language and demography[edit]

Dialects of Punjabi

As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, Punjabi language is spoken by 98%. Shahmukhi script is mostly used, but Nankana Sahib is one of the few places in the Pakistani Punjab where Gurmukhi script is also understood by some.Punjabi dialects spoken in the district are:

  • Majhi or Standard (Majority)
  • Malwi dialect (Migrated people from Indian Punjab speak this dialect)

Other Languages include:

  • Urdu being national language is spoken and understood.
  • English is also understood and spoken by the sizable educated people.

Nankana Sahib District has a population of about 15,99,538. The majority of the population are Muslims (97%); the remainder (3%) are mainly Sikhs, with the latter concentrated in the town of Nankana Sahib itself. Nankana sahib is the birthplace of Baba Guru Nanik, founder of Sikhism.

History[edit]

During the Indus Valley Civilization Nankana District was an agricultural region with forests. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled in Punjab region. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas, and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Nankana was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin. In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul and the Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire took over Nankana District. During the period of British Raj, Nankana district increased in population and importance.

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Nankana district. In 1958 the great personality named Hadhrat Khawajah Muhammad Sardar Ahmad Naqshbandi Came in Bucheki (the small town of Nankana Sahib) and laid the foundation of an Islamic International Spirtual School Of Naqshbandi Sardaria, Which made the Nankana Sahib an international City because he has the several followers over the world.

Villages, towns and cities[edit]

Following is an incomplete list of villages, towns and cities:

  • Bahawalkot
  • Kiri Bhate Chak No. 181 RB
  • Kot Rai Jalal Old Khairpur Bhattian
  • Nathuwala Chak No.180 RB
  • Kanwanwali Araian
  • Walipurbura Chak No.175
  • Walgon Sattar
  • Walgon Azeem
  • Nabi Pur Peeran
  • Thatha Purbara Kamonka
  • Syedwala
  • Bara Ghar
  • Barkhurdar
  • Said Pura
  • Bakhtawar Kot
  • Basedher Pur
  • Bucheki (Rehmat Pur Shareef Darbar Peer Mitha)
  • Thatta Soortan (Kot Muhammad Bakhsh)
  • Adda Machi Wala Khala
  • Bulaki Klan
  • Burj Bibi
  • Chack Number 14/66
  • Chack Number 4
  • Chamrooti
  • Darbarkot
  • Dhoor Kot
  • Sangla hill
  • bhulair 119
  • jappian wala
  • Harbhan Shareef (HAZRAT BABA MANJ REHMAT-U-LLAH ALIAHE, - BY ASGHAR ALI ASGHAR)
  • Chak Number 54/4 Kot Shanker Das
  • Chak Number 54/4 Doctor Wala
  • Jangli
  • Kot Ameer Baz Khan (Khan Muhammad Ghias Khan)
  • Kalanaur (Raisanwala 369GB)
  • Kali Bair
  • Kot Rai Jalal Old Khairpur Bhattian
  • Imampur Chak No. 89 R/b
  • Kot Hussain Khan Bhatti
  • Lurka
  • Mandi Faizabad
  • Mirzapur
  • Mangtanwala
  • Mangu Taru
  • Martin Pur
  • More Khunda
  • Mora Khurd
  • Mora Kalan
  • Malik Abad
  • Kot mola dad
  • Nawan Kot
  • Natha
  • Noor Mandi

WARBURTON

  • Rehan Wala
  • Waseer Pur
  • Wanotianwali Chak No. 39/rb
  • Panwan Chak No. 176/rb
  • Youngsonabad
  • Kot Namdar
  • Kot Fazal
  • Kot Dolat
  • Thhotthian Klaan Chak 10
  • Thhotthian Khurd Chak 10
  • Dalla Chinda Sing Ch 85
  • Ghandran Ch 86/rb
  • Meer Pur Ch 87/rb
  • Dharowali Ch 33/rb
  • Kariwala Ch 49/rb
  • Chak No 370 Parkar Abad Shahib Wala
  • Kot Hussain
  • Chahpaka Bhattian
  • Mirpur Bhattian
  • Qila Awanan WAla
  • Shaheedi Kot
  • Barkhurdar
  • Ratoana
  • Jhallar
  • Adumpur 589GB
  • Jug Chak
  • Jhallar Gujjaran
  • Baqar Wala
  • Fered Wala
  • Das Muraba(stop)
  • Muhammad wala
  • Chack no 56/27
  • Chak no.14 Har gharh GB
  • Chak No.13 Randheer GB
  • Chak No.15 Shamsa GB
  • Chak No.16 Karial
  • Chak No.17 Baddomatta

Education[edit]

Many schools and colleges are opened in District Nankana Sahib. These include International Islamic Spirtual School of Naqshbandia, Sardaria. Govt Higher Secondary School Bara Ghar, Country Model School More Khunda( English Medium purpose-built campus on canal bank Head Baloki Road consists of 8 kanal land area).Chief English Grammar School is also making progress nowadays. G/H/S/School More Khunda.Dar-e-Arqam High Schools (An English Medium country-wide group), Al-Suffah Public High School (English Medium) But when the founder of the school Sir Shafiq left the school, the school become a part of Iqra Model school,Allied school(A Project Of Punjab Group Of Colleges), Guru Nanak Ji Public Model High School, Hera School and College, Pak. Garrison Higher Secondary School, The Educators, Al Falah school, Govt. M. C. High School (for boys and girls), Vocational Training Institute Tehsil More. Govt. Guru Nanak high school, Oxford Public High School and Govt. Guru Nanak colleges (separate for men and women). Hera Public High School and College. A Lahore-based reputable school, Allied School, Nova Quest International School, has acquired over fifteen acres of land approximately 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Nankana Sahib on Bucheki - Nankana Road for their next campus. Furthermore, Punjab Group of Colleges has acquired land on Mangtanwala Road. Moreover, a great university named after saint Guru Nanak is proposed to be established in the city. All this rapidly growing educational setup is going to make education industry as the most prominent here.

Clans settled in District Nankana[edit]

Here is incomplete list of clans who are settled in this district.

Sayyed

Khokher

MOHAL - (Asghar Ali Asghar,Muhammad Zamman Asghar and Aiman Batool)

Ansari

Arain

Awan

Bhatti (Pudhiar,Chader,Gill,Tarrar,Virk,Maan,Warraich,Jhedoo, Manhais,Dogar,Sandhu)

Gujjar

Kharal

Mughal

Muslim Sheikh

Qureshi

Rana

Sheikh

References[edit]