Nanking film poster
|Directed by||Bill Guttentag
|Produced by||Ted Leonsis
|Written by||Bill Guttentag
|Music by||Philip Marshall|
|Editing by||Hibah Sherif Frisina
|Distributed by||Fortissimo Films (world)
|Running time||88 minutes|
Mandarin (Nanjing dialect)
Nanking (Chinese: 南京) is a 2007 film about the 1937 Nanking Massacre committed by the Japanese army in the former capital city Nanjing, China. The film draws on letters and diaries from the era as well as archive footage and interviews with surviving victims and perpetrators of the massacre. Contemporary actors play the roles of the Western missionaries, professors, and businessmen who formed the Nanking Safety Zone to protect the city's civilians from Japanese forces. Particular attention is paid to John Rabe, a German businessman who organized the Nanking Safety Zone, Robert O. Wilson, a surgeon who remained in Nanking to care for legions of victims, and Minnie Vautrin, a missionary educator who rendered aid to thousands of Nanking's women.
The film uses the older romanization of the city's name, "Nanking", for its title. This choice was likely made to maintain continuity between the film and texts from the era. The standard modern romanization in mainland China, Hanyu Pinyin, renders the city's name as "Nanjing" (pronounced, with tones, as Nánjīng).
In the winter of 1937, the Japanese army occupied Nanking and killed over 200,000 and raped tens of thousands of Chinese people, one of human history's worst atrocities. In order to protect Chinese civilians, a small group of European and American expatriates, Western missionaries, professors, and businessmen banded together to save 250,000, risking their own lives.
The film describes the Nanking Massacre by reading from letters and diaries which shows the activities of John Rabe (Jürgen Prochnow), a German businessman, Robert O. Wilson (Woody Harrelson), the only surgeon remaining to care for legions of victims, and Minnie Vautrin (Mariel Hemingway), an educator who passionately defends the lives and honor of Nanking's women during the war time.
The film includes survivors who tell their own stories, the archival footage of the events, and the testimonies of Japanese soldiers who participated in the rampage.
- Hugo Armstrong - John Magee
- Rosalind Chao - Chang Yu Zheng
- Stephen Dorff - Lewis Smythe
- John Getz - George Ashmore Fitch
- Woody Harrelson - Bob Wilson
- Mariel Hemingway - Minnie Vautrin
- Michelle Krusiec - Yang Shu Ling
- Leah Liang Lewis (as Leah Liang) - Banner Girl
- Chris Mulkey - Mills McCallum
- Jürgen Prochnow - John Rabe
- Sonny Saito - Higashi Sakai
- Graham Sibley - Miner Searle Bates
- Mark Valley - Stage Manager
- Robert Wu - Li Pu
The film was conceptualized and funded by AOL Vice-Chairman Ted Leonsis. While on vacation during the Christmas of 2005 in St. Bart's, Leonsis read The Rape of Nanking after seeing the obituary for the book's author, Iris Chang. The book inspired Leonsis to research the massacre further and eventually led to his creation of the film project.
Leonsis had expressed his desire for the film to be released theatrically, as well as on DVD, television, and cable. He hopes to use local DVD sales as an advertising platform for businesses that want to break into the Chinese market. He also expressed interest in making the film available for free online, saying "We'll get a sponsor", "I'm not worried about piracy. I want people to share the movie."
Release and reaction
Nanking has received numerous positive reviews, including one from Reuters that says that the "beautifully crafted film...honors the highest calling of documentary filmmaking." It was accepted to the Sundance Film Festival in January, 2007 and nominated for the Grand Jury Prize (Documentary); the film was awarded honors for Documentary Editing. In 2008, this documentary was awarded the Peabody Award. Japanese right-wing nationalist filmmaker Satoru Mizushima called the film a "setup by China to control intelligence," and plans to release his own documentary, The Truth about Nanjing, in which the massacre is portrayed as merely political propaganda. On his blog, Nanking producer Ted Leonsis responded by saying: "Our film isn't an anti-Japanese film. It is an anti-war film."
On November 19, 2007, Nanking was named by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences as one of 15 films on its documentary feature Oscar shortlist. It was not retained when the list was narrowed to the final five nominations.
- City of Life and Death
- Don't Cry, Nanking
- Japanese war crimes
- John Rabe (film)
- Nanking Massacre films
- Prince Yasuhiko Asaka
- Shiro Azuma
- The Truth about Nanjing
- Tokyo Trial
- Heath, Thomas (2006-07-31). "Ted Leonsis Takes a Sharp Turn". Washington post. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
- Thompson, Anne (2007-01-22). "Leonsis newest 'filmanthropist' at Sundance". hollywood reporter. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
- Nanking (Awards and Nominations details) at the Internet Movie Database
- "2007 SUNDANCE FILM FESTIVAL ANNOUNCES JURY AND AUDIENCE AWARDS" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-01-28.
- "Politico". 2009-04-01.
- "日本右翼拍《南京真相》欲盖弥彰 不得人心" (in Simplified Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- Hongo, Jun (2007-01-25). "Filmmaker to paint Nanjing slaughter as just myth". The Japan Times.
- Leonsis, Ted (2007-01-25). "An Anti-War Film".
- "Beijing launch for massacre film". BBC News. 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
- "Shortlist for docu Oscar unveiled". The Hollywood Reporter. 2007-11-20. Archived from the original on 2008-05-02. Retrieved 2007-12-21.
- Nominees and winners - 80th Academy Awards
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nanjing Massacre.|
- Official website
- Nanking at the Internet Movie Database
- Nanking at Rotten Tomatoes
- Nanking at Metacritic
- Nanking at Box Office Mojo
- Nanking at allmovie
- Nanking at Sundance.org
- Nanking, reviewed in Willamette Week By N.P. Thompson
- "Hollywood Takes On Japan's 1937 Invasion of China" NPR Story about Nanking's release in China
- A Winter in China Novelisation of the International Security Zone during the Nanking Massacre.