南宁市 · Namzningz Si
Location of Nanning City jurisdiction in Guangxi
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||22,189 km2 (8,567 sq mi)|
|• Urban||6,559 km2 (2,532 sq mi)|
|• Metro||5,264 km2 (2,032 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||6,661,600|
|• Density||300/km2 (780/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|License plate prefixes||桂A|
"Nanning", as written in simplified Chinese
|Literal meaning||peace in the south|
Nanning (simplified Chinese: 南宁; traditional Chinese: 南寧; Zhuang: Namzningz; meaning 'South Tranquility') is the capital of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. It is known as the "Green City" because of its abundance of lush tropical foliage.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (June 2013)|
In the Yuan dynasty in 1324, it was renamed Nanning Lu (an administrative division) of Yongzhou Lu meaning "May peace maintain in the southern frontier", hence the name Nanning. Historically, Nanning was famous for trade, and had permanent business offices from other areas in China since the Song dynasty.
In the Ming dynasty Nanning developed into the commodity distributing center of the Zuo River and the You River with the reputation of "Little Nanjing".
Nanning serves as host for the annual China-ASEAN EXPO (CASEAN EXPO) which began in 2005 and was the venue for the 2006 "World Robotics Olympiad".
- Xingning District (兴宁区)
- Qingxiu District (青秀区)
- Jiangnan District (江南区)
- Xixiangtang District (西乡塘区)
- Liangqing District (良庆区)
- Yongning District (邕宁区)
- Wuming District (武鸣区)
- Nanning High-Tech Business DZ (南宁高新技术产业开发区)
- Nanning Economic and technology DZ (南宁经济技术开发区)
- Nanning Overseas Chinese Investment Zone (南宁华侨投资区)
- Nanning Qingxiu Mountain Resort/ Tourism Area (南宁青秀山风景名胜旅游区)
- Nanning Xiangsi Lake New Area (南宁相思湖新区)
- Nanning Liujing Industrial Park (南宁六景工业园区)
Nanning is home of the 21st tallest building in the People's Republic of China, the Diwang International Commerce Center, at 276 m (906 ft), currently the tallest building in Guangxi and southwestern China (excluding Chongqing). The second tallest building in Nanning is the World Trade Commerce City at 218 meters. The city currently has seven buildings taller than 100 m (330 ft), built or under construction.
Nanning has many parks with tropical lush green landscape, it is one of the "greenest" cities in China, and it's known as "Green City"(绿城). Nanning's downtown skyline is rapidly changing and the city is becoming an important hub in China.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2013)|
Nanning's GDP in 2007 was 106.3 billion RMB, which was a 17.1 percent growth over the previous year. The GDP per capita was ¥15,685 (US$2,147), ranking no. 116 among 659 Chinese cities. Foreign exports in 2007 were 10 billion USD. Foreign fixed asset investment was 34.3 billion RMB. Nanning has six development zones and industrial parks, three of which accounted for 6 billion RMB of Nanning's GDP, more than 8 percent of Nanning's total.
Mineral resources include gold, iron, manganese, aluminum, quartz, silver, indium, coal, marble, and granite. One third of China's different types of mineral resources are found in Nanning.
- Guilin High-tech Industrial Development Zone
- Nanning Economic & Technological Development Area
Nanning is a railway junction for the Nanning–Kunming and Hunan–Guangxi Railways. In November 2008 construction of a high-speed rail line from Nanning to Guangzhou began, which will cut travel time between the two cities from 13 hrs to 3 hrs. The line is set to be 577 km (359 mi) long, of which 61 percent will be in Guangxi, and will allow trains to run up to 200 km/h (120 mph). It will be completed in four years and cost about 41 billion yuan(about 6 billion U.S. dollars), according to the Ministry of Railways. There are also plans to build a high-speed railway to Pingxiang on the Vietnamese border. The goal is to better integrate Pan-Pearl River Delta and southeast China with members of the ASEAN.
Flora and fauna
Nanning's warm climate gives it a large amount of biodiversity. There are many species of animals and more than 3,000 species of plants. The city flower is the Jaba flower, an evergreen shrub, and the city tree is the almond tree which is regarded as the backbone tree used for greening and landscaping throughout the city.
Nanning is situated in a hilly basin with elevations between 70 and 500 m (230 and 1,640 ft) above sea-level. Qingxiu Mountain dominates the southern part of town.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Nanning has a warm, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with an annual mean temperature of 21.82 °C (71.3 °F). Summers are hot and humid with July, the hottest month, having a 24-hour average temperature of 28.4 °C (83.1 °F). Winters are mild and somewhat damp with January, the coolest month, averaging 12.9 °C (55.2 °F) in January. From February to August, rain is most frequent and relative humidity consistently averages above 80 percent; the annual rainfall is 1,310 millimetres (51.6 in). The area is also frost-free for all but 3 or 4 days a year and snowfall is virtually unheard of in the city, with a unique exception since 1900: in December 1975 snow fell on the city albeit without sticking to the ground. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −2.1 to 40.4 °C (28 to 105 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 17 percent in March to 51 percent in September, the city receives 1,585 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Nanning (normals 1971−2000, extremes 1961−2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||32.6
|Average high °C (°F)||16.9
|Average low °C (°F)||10.0
|Record low °C (°F)||−2.1
|Rainfall mm (inches)||35.3
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||11.1||13.2||13.8||13.6||16.6||16.3||16.8||16.2||10.5||8.5||6.8||5.9||149.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||69.6||56.7||61.8||91.4||144.0||161.1||196.8||186.1||185.6||163.7||144.2||123.7||1,584.7|
|Percent possible sunshine||21||18||17||24||35||40||48||47||51||46||44||37||35.7|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration, all-time extreme temperature|
At 2010 census, the total population of Nanning was 6,611,600, among which 2,875,220 were urban residents (after the adjustment of administrative divisions) and 2,480,340 in the built up area made of 5 out of 6 urban districts. Nanning is a city in which Zhuang ethnic group live in compact communities, and also the only city in all the autonomous regions of China with open coastal areas. Thirty-five ethnic groups live in compact communities in Nanning, including people of Zhuang, Han, Yao, Hui, Miao, Dong, and Man minorities.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2013)|
Nanning is the center of science and technology, education, culture and health in Guangxi Province. There are altogether 54 scientific research institutes subordinate to districts. 10 colleges and 50 trade schools are training specialised personnel of all kinds. Now there are 62 mass cultural organizations, 13 performing groups, 8 cinemas, 285 projecting units, over 70 karaoke halls and over 1000 newsstands. Bookshops and cultural markets can be found everywhere.
Nanning has not only local cuisine but also food from other areas of China and abroad. Traditional food culture can be found around most streets of Nanning. Nanning food shares the style of Cantonese food and of Southeast Asia. Chinese cuisine including Guangdong, Szechuan, Hunan and Jiangsu as well as Japanese, Thai and Western cuisines can be found.
Colleges and universities
- Guangxi Arts College
- Guangxi Medical University
- Guangxi Teachers College (founded 1953)
- Guangxi University (founded 1928) includes Xingjian College (as of 2005)
- Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine (广西中医药大学） （founded 1956）
- Guangxi University of Finance and Economics
- Guangxi University for Nationalities
Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.
- "Illuminating China's Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions". PRC Central Government Official Website. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
- According to the table on List of tallest buildings in the People's Republic of China
- "High-speed railway to boost trade". Retrieved 19 February 2011.
- "China starts construction of Nanning-Guangzhou high-speed rail line". Xinhua. 9 November 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- Nanning train schedule (Chinese)
- 广西再开通运营9对动车组 陈武宣布高铁开通 (Guangxi opens new CRH service, with 9 pairs of train a day. Chen Wu announces the opening of high-speed service), 2013-12-31
- "Profile of Nanning" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 10 June 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
- "Extreme Temperatures Around the World". Retrieved 2013-02-21.
- 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集（1971－2000年） (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- China's Southwest. Lonely Planet. 2007. p. 192. ISBN 978-1-74104-185-9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nanning.|