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Nanochemistry or Nanotechnology related with the production and the reactions of nanoparticles and their compounds. It is concerned with the unique properties associated with assemblies of atoms or molecules on a scale between that of the individual building blocks and the bulk material (from 1 to 1000 nm), At this level, quantum effects can be significant, and also new ways of carrying out chemical reactions become possible.
This science use methodologies from the synthetic chemistry and the material's chemistry to obtain nanomaterials with specific sizes, shapes, surface properties, defects, self-assembly properties, designed to accomplish specific functions and uses.
The applications of nanochemistry have a wide range which covers from the semi-conductors electronics, to medicine. Nanochemistry uses semi-conductors that only conduct electricity in specific conditions. As the semi-conductors are much smaller than normal conductors the product can be much smaller.
Nanochemistry is being used to build high-tech armor and military weapons and for military uses. Nanochemistry could also be used for Chemical Warfare. Nanochemistry is also used to make windows that clean themselves, along with bicycles that are 1000 times stronger than steel but lighter than metal ones. The most productive piece of Nanochemistry is Carbon Nanotubes which are very dense and light when made into materials such as bicycles. Nanochemistry could be very useful in the future.
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