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Nanochemistry or Nanotechnology related with the production and the reactions of nanoparticles and their compounds. It is concerned with the unique properties associated with assemblies of atoms or molecules on a scale between that of the individual building blocks and the bulk material (from 1 to 1000 nm), At this level, quantum effects can be significant, and also new ways of carrying out chemical reactions become possible.
Professor Geoffrey Ozin of the University of Toronto is regarded as the father of nanochemistry. "His visionary paper "Nanochemistry - Synthesis in Diminishing Dimensions" (Advanced Materials, 1992, 4, 612) stimulated a whole new field: it proposed how the principles of chemistry could be applied to the bottom-up synthesis of materials "over all length scales" through "building block hierarchical construction principles": that is, by using molecular/nano-scale building blocks "programmed" with chemical information that will spontaneously self-assemble, in a controlled way, into structures that traverse a wide range of length scales. This was a whole new way of thinking at the time".
This science use methodologies from the synthetic chemistry and the material's chemistry to obtain nanomaterials with specific sizes, shapes, surface properties, defects, self-assembly properties, designed to accomplish specific functions and uses.
The applications of nanochemistry have a wide range which covers from the semi-conductors electronics, to medicine. Nanochemistry uses semi-conductors that only conduct electricity in specific conditions. As the semi-conductors are much smaller than normal conductors the product can be much smaller.
Nanochemistry is being used to build high-tech armor and military weapons and for military uses. Nanochemistry could also be used for Chemical Warfare. Nanochemistry is also used to make windows that clean themselves, along with bicycles that are 1000 times stronger than steel but lighter than metal ones. The most productive piece of Nanochemistry is Carbon Nanotubes which are very dense and light when made into materials such as bicycles. Nanochemistry could be very useful in the future.
- Concepts of nanochemistry, Cademartiri, Ludovico and Ozin, Goeffrey A. Wiley-VCH 2009 ISBN 978-3-527-32626-6
- "Faculty Profile of Geoffrey Ozin". Department of Chemistry. University of Toronto. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- Nanochemistry: What Is Next?, Ozin, Geoffrey A. and Cademartiri, Ludovico, 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim small 2009, 5, No. 11, 1240–1244
- Xiang, Dong-xi; Qian Chen, Lin Pang, Cong-long Zheng (17 September 2011). "Inhibitory effects of silver nanoparticles on H1N1 influenza A virus in vitro". Journal of Virological Methods. doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.09.003. ISSN 0166-0934.
- J.W. Steed, D.R. Turner, K. Wallace Core Concepts in Supramolecular Chemistry and Nanochemistry (Wiley, 2007) 315p. ISBN 978-0-470-85867-7
- Brechignac C., Houdy P., Lahmani M. (Eds.) Nanomaterials and Nanochemistry (Springer, 2007) 748p. ISBN 978-3-540-72993-8
- H. Watarai, N. Teramae, T. Sawada Interfacial Nanochemistry: Molecular Science and Engineering at Liquid-Liquid Interfaces (Nanostructure Science and Technology) 2005. 321p. ISBN 978-0-387-27541-3
- Ozin G., Arsenault A.C., Cademartiri L. Nanochemistry: A Chemical Approach to Nanomaterials 2nd Eds. (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008) 820p. ISBN 978-1847558954