Nanpara

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Nanpara
city
Nanpara is located in Uttar Pradesh
Nanpara
Nanpara
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°52′N 81°30′E / 27.87°N 81.5°E / 27.87; 81.5Coordinates: 27°52′N 81°30′E / 27.87°N 81.5°E / 27.87; 81.5
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Bahraich
Elevation 132 m (433 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,99,970
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Postal Code 271865
Vehicle registration UP-40

Nanpara is a city and a municipal board in Bahraich district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is a region along the Nepal Border and includes tracts of dense forests.

Geography[edit]

Nanpara is located at 27°52′N 81°30′E / 27.87°N 81.5°E / 27.87; 81.5.[1] It has an average elevation of 132 metres (433 feet). It is located at 20 km from the Indo-Nepal border, and 36 km from the district Bahraich. This town has a strategic and economic importance due to the transportation of goods in Nepal and recent activities of drugs, crossing through the Nepal border. It has a municipality also. It is well connected by road transport and Railway.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Nanpara had a population of 42,771. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Nanpara has an average literacy rate of 50%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 89%. In Nanpara, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in nanpara
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
39%
Muslims
  
60%
Jains
  
0.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

History[edit]

The Nanpara estate[edit]

The Nanpara estate or Nanpara Raj was one of the zemindaris (feudatory estates) in British India.[3] The title of "Raja" was conferred on the Nanpara House in 1763 by the Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula, the King of Oudh and has then recognized by British.[4] With holding of 439 villages it was the largest Muslim taluqdars (landowners) in British India, the taluqdars were follower of Shia Islam.[5]

Nanpara was an important frontier estate, bordering Nepal territory in the Bahraich district of Oudh. Of the 439 villages, 438 were in the Bahriach district and one in the Barabanki district. It comprised an area of 468 sq miles, or about the same area of the then former German principality of Lippe. In 1914-15 The gross rental of the estate amounted to over Rupees 12,00,000 and the government demanded land revenue and cesses of Rupees 2,80,000. Taking a population of 350 person per sq miles [it was estimated that was the district average in the census of 1911] the estate contained a population of over 154,000.[6]

In 1632 AD (1042 AH) Rasul Khan received a commission from the Emperor to subdue the Banjaras; and obtained for his services and for the pay of his troops, the grant of Nanpara and four other villages in pargana Solonabad, beside one-tenth of the rental of the whole of this disturbed tract of territory. Rasul Khan lived at Kummaria in Bundi, and both he and his son Jahan Khan, who succeeded him, are buried there. Jahan Khan's successor, Mohammad Khan, was the first to settle in Nanpara. Mohammad Khan's son and successor, named Karam Khan was so successful against the Banjaras that he gained amongst the country folk the title of Raja. Which was confirmed by Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula of Oudh in 1763, and was recognised as hereditary by the then British Government of India in 1877.[7]

Few of the rajas of Nanpara Raj were,[8][9][10]

  • Risaldar Rasul Khan, was granted Nanpara in 1632 by Emperor Shah Jahan
  • Taluqdar Jahan Khan, son of Rasul Khan
  • Taluqdar Mohammad Khan, son of Jahan Khan
  • Raja Karam Khan, son of Mohammad Khan, obtained the title of Raja from Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula in 1763
  • Raja Mustafa Khan (d.1777), son of Karam Khan
  • Raja Saleh Khan (d.1790), son of Mustafa Khan
  • Raja Madar Bakash (d.1807), son of Saleh Khan
  • Raja Munawar Ali Khan (d. 1847), son of Madar Baksh
  • Raja Sir Jang Bahadur Khan (b.1845-1 May 1902), CSI, granted CIE in 1886 and KCIE[11] on 6 November 1901, Honorary Magistrate, son of Munawar Ali Khan, married Sultan Shah Begum second daughter of Mehdi Quli Khan in 1868
  • Jang Bahdur's daughter Kaniz Begum (b.16 Feb 1866) was married to
  • Raja Mumtaz Ali Khan (b. 6 October 1865) of Bilaspur, Atraula of District Gonda of Oudh
  • Jang Bahdur's daughter Sarfaraz Begum (b.25 June 1867) was married to
  • Raja Saiyid Muzaffar Ali Khan (b.1867) of Bahadurnagar, Muhamdi of Distirct Kheri of Oudh
  • Raja Saiyid Ashfaq Ali Khan (d.1915) of Bahadurnagar, Muhamdi of Distirct Kheri of Oudh, a poet of great repute and author of numerous publications, after death of Muzaffar Ali Khan
  • Raja Sidiq Khan (b.8 September 1869-d.1907), son of Jang Bahadur Khan
  • Raja Saiyid Mohammad Saadat Ali Khan (b.1903–d.1973), only son of the Saiyid Mohammad Ashfaq Ali Khan and Rani Sarfaraz Begum of the Muhamdi Raj, Oudh, inherited Nanpara from his maternal uncle Sidiq Khan, the estate of Muhamdi Raj came with 72 villages was added to Napara estate's substantial land holdings. He was last Raja of Nanpara, ruling until 1954 when the Zamindari abolished.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nanpara
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ The Feudatory and zemindari India, Volume 17, Issue 2. 1937. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  4. ^ The Indian Year Book, Volume 29. Bennett, Coleman & Company. 1942. p. 1286. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  5. ^ Robinson, Francis (2008). Separatism among Indian Muslims : the politics of the United Provinces' Muslims, 1860-1923. London: Cambridge University Press. pp. 16, 419. ISBN 9780521048262. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  6. ^ Survey of The Kingdom of Oudh (East India Collection folio 3 ed.). London: Oriental & India collection. 
  7. ^ Blue book on Oudh. 1856. pp. 6, 8 and Appendix B. 
  8. ^ Lethbridge, Roper (1893). The golden book of India : a genealogical and biographical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated of the Indian empire. Delhi: Aakar Books. p. 208. ISBN 9788187879541. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  9. ^ Sir Stanley, Reed, ed. (1945). The Times of India Directory and Year Book Including Who's who. Bennett, Coleman & Company. p. 1372. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  10. ^ All-India Trade Directory and Who's who. University of California. 1943. p. 343. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  11. ^ Burtchaell, compiled by G.D. (1970). The knights of England; a complete record from the earliest time to the present day of the knights of all the orders of chivalry in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and of knights bachelors. Incorporating a complete list of knights bachelors dubbed in Ireland ([Repr.] ed.). Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co. ISBN 9780806304434. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ghoshal, Benöd Chandra (1918). Some Notes on Raj Nanpara, Or, the Tragic Story of the Premier Mohamedan Estate in Oudh. Anglo-Oriental Press.