The front cover of a Nansen passport
|Issued by||League of Nations|
|Type of document||Passport|
|Eligibility requirements||stateless refugees|
The first Nansen passports were issued following an international agreement reached at the Intergovernmental Conference on Identity Certificates for Russian Refugees, convened by Fridtjof Nansen in Geneva from July 3, 1922 to July 5, 1922 in his role as High Commissioner for Refugees for the League of Nations. By 1942, they were honoured by governments in 52 countries. Approximately 450,000 Nansen passports were provided to stateless people and refugees who needed travel documents but could not obtain one from a national authority.
The Nansen passport was originally provided to refugees from the Russian civil war. It is estimated that about 800,000 Russian refugees had become stateless when Lenin revoked citizenship for all Russian expatriates in 1921.
Following Nansen's death in 1930, the passport was handled by the Nansen International Office for Refugees within the League of Nations. At that point the passport no longer included a reference to the 1922 conference, but were issued in the name of the League. The office was closed in 1938 when the League of Nations had ceased to hold any authority. They were after that issued by a new Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees in London.
Nobel Peace Prize
While Nansen passports are no longer issued, existing national and supranational authorities, including the United Nations, issue travel documents for stateless people and refugees, including certificates of identity (or "alien's passports") and refugee travel documents.
- Robert Capa
- Marc Chagall
- Alexander Galich
- Alexander Grothendieck
- G. I. Gurdjieff
- Anatol Heintz
- Vladimir Nabokov
- Aristotle Onassis
- Anna Pavlova
- Jadwiga Piłsudska
- Sergey Rakhmaninov
- Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson
- Otto Skorzeny
- Igor Stravinsky
- "Documents from the League of Nations Archives" (PDF). Refugee Survey Quarterly 22 (1): 71–73. 2003. doi:10.1093/rsq/22.1.71. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- Nansen-pass Store Norske Leksikon, retrieved December 11, 2012
- Arkivverket.no (in Norwegian), retrieved December 11, 2012
- The Nansen Office Arkivverket. Retrieved 2 December 2014
- Fridtjof Nansen, Nobelprize.org, 1922. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- Cartier, Pierre (2009) . "Un pays dont on ne connaîtrait que le nom (Grothendieck et les " motifs ")" [A country of which nothing is known but the name: Grothendieck and "motives"] (in French). p. 10, footnote 12. Retrieved 2014-04-02, translation.
- Nansenkontoret Arkivverket.no (in Norwegian), retrieved December 11, 2012