Nant, Aveyron

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Nant
Nant-Vuegenerale.jpg
Coat of arms of Nant
Coat of arms
Nant is located in France
Nant
Nant
Coordinates: 44°01′18″N 3°18′02″E / 44.0217°N 3.3006°E / 44.0217; 3.3006Coordinates: 44°01′18″N 3°18′02″E / 44.0217°N 3.3006°E / 44.0217; 3.3006
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Millau
Canton Nant
Intercommunality Larzac Dourbie
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Bernard Saquet
Area1 109.4 km2 (42.2 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 920
 • Density 8.4/km2 (22/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 12168 / 12230
Elevation 421–926 m (1,381–3,038 ft)
(avg. 500 m or 1,600 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Nant is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.

Geography[edit]

The commune is located in the southern part of the Massif Central. It includes a part of the Larzac plateau and its foothills, the valley of the Durzon river and a part of the valley of the Dourbie river.

History[edit]

In the 10th century, monks drained the marshy soil of the Durzon valley where it joins the Dourbie, using a network of stone-lined canals. They started agriculture in the district. In 926 AD they built a monastery at the confluence of the two watercourses. In 1135 the monastery became an abbey. The economy and the local population grew and the village of Nant grew up around the abbey.

During the wars of religion the cloister and the monastic buildings were destroyed, but the village had a period of prosperity again during the second half of the 17th century. The halles in the main square hosted local fairs and a flourishing market. An ecclesiastical college was founded in the village in 1665, until the abbey was suppressed in 1771 by royal decree. The Eglisle-Abbatiale of Saint Pierre de Nant contains stained glass windows by the artist Jean Hugo, who had a family home in the nearby Durzon valley.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 1,550 —    
1800 2,271 +46.5%
1806 2,761 +21.6%
1821 2,980 +7.9%
1831 3,203 +7.5%
1836 3,419 +6.7%
1841 3,134 −8.3%
1846 3,445 +9.9%
1851 3,038 −11.8%
1856 2,953 −2.8%
1861 3,106 +5.2%
1866 3,117 +0.4%
1872 2,986 −4.2%
1876 2,624 −12.1%
1881 2,501 −4.7%
1886 2,596 +3.8%
1891 2,681 +3.3%
1896 2,171 −19.0%
1901 2,103 −3.1%
1906 1,977 −6.0%
1911 1,819 −8.0%
1921 1,801 −1.0%
1926 1,659 −7.9%
1931 1,592 −4.0%
1936 1,547 −2.8%
1946 1,274 −17.6%
1954 1,105 −13.3%
1962 1,057 −4.3%
1968 1,016 −3.9%
1975 959 −5.6%
1982 972 +1.4%
1990 773 −20.5%
1999 846 +9.4%
2008 920 +8.7%

Economy[edit]

Herd of dairy sheep in the village

The local economy is characterised by traditional agriculture based on sheep farming for the production of roquefort, pérail and tome cheeses, and for the production of calves and lambs intended for fattening. There is some diversification towards aquaculture, beekeeping, the production of firewood and rural tourism.

Local farmers sell their produce in the open air market in the village. (The market hall is currently occupied by the terrace of a café). Merchants selling other food items also attend the market. A market exclusively for farmers is being planned.

Leisure activities also influence the local economy: horse-riding, holiday rental accommodation, camping, hiking, mountain biking and both coarse and game fishing. There is a municipal swimming pool. The hunting season of large wild animals opens each year on the 15th of August.

Two retirement homes are also located in the commune.

See also[edit]

Photo gallery[edit]