Paris and inner ring departements
|• Mayor (2004–2008)||Patrick Jarry|
|• Land1||12.19 km2 (4.71 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||7,500/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||92050 / 92000|
|Elevation||22–127 m (72–417 ft)
(avg. 30 m or 98 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The eastern part of Nanterre, bordering the communes of Courbevoie and Puteaux, contains a small part of the La Defense business district of Paris and some of the tallest buildings in the Paris region. Because the headquarters of many major corporations are located in La Défense, the court of Nanterre is well known in the media for the number of high-profile lawsuits and trials that take place in it. The city of Nanterre also includes the Paris West University Nanterre La Défense, one of the largest universities in the Paris region.
The name of Nanterre originated before the Roman conquest of Gaul. The Romans recorded the name as Nemetodorum. It is composed of the Celtic word nemeto meaning "shrine" or "sacred place" and the Celtic word duron (neuter) "hard, tough, enduring". The sacred place referred to is supposed to have been a famous shrine that existed in antiquity on the top of the hill known as Mont-Valérien.
Inhabitants of Nanterre are called Nanterriennes (feminine) and Nanterriens (masculine).
On 27 March 2002, Richard Durn, a disgruntled local activist, shot and killed eight town councilors and 14 others were wounded in what the French press dubbed the Nanterre massacre. On 28 March, the murderer killed himself by jumping from the 4th floor of the Quai des orfèvres, in Paris, while he was questioned by two policemen about the reason for his killing in the Nanterre City Hall.
Nanterre is divided into three cantons:
- The Canton of Nanterre-Nord has a population of 33,173.
- The Canton of Nanterre-Sud-Est has a population of 22,350.
- The Canton of Nanterre-Sud-Ouest has a population of 28,758.
Nanterre – Université station is also an interchange station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line.
The rugby union club Racing Métro 92, currently based in another Paris suburb, Colombes, are planning to build a new stadium in Nanterre. The venue, scheduled to open in 2016, is tentatively known as Arena 92. It will have a capacity of 32,000 for rugby and 40,000 for concerts.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Nanterre is twinned with:
- La Défense business district.
- List of tallest structures in Paris
- Communes of the Hauts-de-Seine department
- Catholic Encyclopedia St. Genevieve
- "Contact." Groupe du Louvre. Retrieved on 27 June 2010.
- "Plan interactif." Nanterre. Retrieved on 27 June 2010.
- "Legal notice." Louvre Hôtels. Retrieved on 27 June 2010.
- "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
- "Žilina - oficiálne stránky mesta: Partnerské mestá Žiliny [Žilina: Official Partner Cities]". © 2008 MaM Multimedia, s.r.o.. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nanterre.|
- Official website
- Université Paris 10 Nanterre (in French)
- Nanterre students (in French)
- News coverage of March 2006 University occupation (in English)
- Pictures of Nanterre (in French)
- Nanterre Cathedral gallery of pictures