|Country||Republic of China|
|• Mayor||Hsu Shu-hua (許淑華)|
|• Total||71.2063 km2 (27.4929 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2014)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
Nantou, officially known as Nantou City (Chinese: 南投市; pinyin: Nántóu shì; Wade–Giles: Nan-t'ou Shih; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lâm-tâu-chhī), is a county-controlled city located in the northwest of Nantou County, Taiwan. It lies between the Bagua Mountains and the Maoluo River and is the county seat of Nantou County. Freeway No. 3 serves Nantou City. Its name is a transliteration of the Hoanya word Ramtau with the characters 南投 chosen to complement 北投 (Beitou), a district in Taipei, even though there is no relation between the aboriginal words.
The Han Chinese began arriving in the area during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor. Members of the Zhang clan from Zhangzhou as well as the Jian (簡), Lin and Xiao clans from Nanjing County in Zhangzhou were among the early settlers. A yamen was established in 1759 near the present Nantou Elementary School. In 1898, Nantou Commandery was organized. After the retrocession of Taiwan to the Republic of China, Nantou County was organized out of Taichung County in 1950, and, in October of the same year, Nantou Township was organized with the county government seated in it. On July 1, 1957, the Taiwan provincial government moved to Zhongxing New Village, making Nantou the location of the provincial government. In 1981, Nantou became a county-controlled city. Due to its location along the Chelungpu Fault, Nantou was strongly affected by the 1999 921 earthquake: 92 people died and over 1,000 buildings were damaged
- "Brief introduction to Nantou city(南投市簡介)" (in traditional Chinese). Archived from the original on 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2007-02-09.
- "Freeway No. 3". Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- "Collection of the best place name explanations 地名解說集錦)" (in traditional Chinese). Retrieved 2007-02-09.
- "Event Report Chi-Chi, Taiwan Earthquake" (pdf).
- "Mortality of the 921 Earthquake in Nantou and Taichung Counties" (pdf). Retrieved 2007-02-13.[dead link]
- Tsai, K.C.; Chiang Pi Hsiao and Michel Bruneau (March 2000). "Overview of Building Damages in 921 Chi-Chi Earthquake" (PDF). Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology 2 (1): 93–108. Retrieved 2007-02-13.