Nanyang, Henan

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Nanyang
南阳市
Prefecture-level city
Nanyang1.png
Nickname(s): Wan ()
Satellite view of Nanyang
Satellite view of Nanyang
Nanyang City in Henan
Nanyang City in Henan
Nanyang is located in China
Nanyang
Nanyang
Location in China
Coordinates: 33°00′N 112°32′E / 33.000°N 112.533°E / 33.000; 112.533Coordinates: 33°00′N 112°32′E / 33.000°N 112.533°E / 33.000; 112.533
Country People's Republic of China
Province Henan
County-level divisions 2 districts
10 counties
Government
 • Mayor Huang Xingwei
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 26,591 km2 (10,267 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,887 km2 (729 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,887 km2 (729 sq mi)
Elevation 131 m (430 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 10,263,006
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,672,171
 • Urban density 890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,672,171
 • Metro density 890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 473000
Area code(s) 0377
GDP ¥120billion (2006)
Major Nationalities Han
License plate prefixes R
Administrative division code 411300
ISO 3166-2 CN-41-13
City Flowers Chrysanthemum&China Rose
Website http://www.nanyang.gov.cn

Nanyang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: 南陽; pinyin: Nányáng) is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Henan province, People's Republic of China. The city with the largest administrative area in Henan, Nanyang borders Xinyang to the southeast, Zhumadian to the east, Pingdingshan to the northeast, Luoyang to the north, Sanmenxia to the northwest, the province of Shaanxi to the west, and the province of Hubei to the south.

It has 10,263,006 inhabitants at the 2010 census, ranking eleventh in China.[1] However, 1,672,171 residents lives in the built up area made of 2 urban districts (Wolong and Wancheng). Dinosaur egg fossils have been discovered in the Nanyang Basin.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Nanyang administers 2 districts, 1 county-level city and 10 counties.

Names[edit]

Nanyang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: 南陽; pinyin: Nányáng) -South, /-sun (the south side of a mountain, or the north side of a river, which in Chinese is called Yang meaning "sunny"). Wan () is the abbreviation for Nanyang which in ancient times was known as Wancheng (宛城), meaning "Wan City".

Geography[edit]

Nanyang is located in southwestern Henan, bordering Hubei (Xiangyang, Shiyan, and Suizhou) to the south, Shaanxi (Shangluo) to the west and the following prefecture-level cities in Henan:

  • Zhumadian (E)
  • Xinyang (SE)
  • Sanmenxia (NW)
  • Luoyang (N)
  • Pingdingshan (NE)

The latitude of the entire prefecture ranges from 32° 17' to 33° 48' N, while the longitude ranges from 110° 58' to 113° 49' E, and the prefecture spans 26,600 square kilometres (10,300 sq mi). The city lies within the Nanyang Basin, which is part of a region in Central China that lies in the gap between the eastern end of the Qin Mountains and the source of the Huai River. Thus, using those two geographic features as the standard dividing line, it is difficult to classify the city into northern or southern China.

To the north of Nanyang city proper, there is a mountain called Mount Du, which is famous for the Dushan jade, one of the four famous jades of China, now a rarity. To the southwest is Neixiang County with the newly developing Baotianman Biosphere Reserve—an area of high biodiversity, with 65 rare and endangered species.

Satellite view of the area, showing the Nanyang Basin in the centre. The city proper of Nanyang is located in the north-central part of this picture.

Climate[edit]

The climate is generally moderate and is a four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with strong monsoon influences: winters are cool but dry, and summers are hot and humid. Spring and autumn provide transitions of reasonable length. The monthly daily average temperature in January is 1.4 °C (34.5 °F) and in July it is 26.9 °C (80.4 °F); the annual mean is 14.9 °C (58.8 °F). More than half the annual rainfall occurs from June to August.

Climate data for Nanyang, Henan (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
9.4
(48.9)
14.0
(57.2)
21.2
(70.2)
26.5
(79.7)
30.8
(87.4)
31.5
(88.7)
30.8
(87.4)
26.7
(80.1)
21.7
(71.1)
15.0
(59)
9.0
(48.2)
20.3
(68.5)
Average low °C (°F) −2.6
(27.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.8
(38.8)
10.2
(50.4)
15.3
(59.5)
20.2
(68.4)
23.2
(73.8)
22.5
(72.5)
17.4
(63.3)
11.3
(52.3)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.9
(30.4)
10.4
(50.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 13.7
(0.539)
16.2
(0.638)
34.7
(1.366)
48.8
(1.921)
73.1
(2.878)
123.9
(4.878)
177.8
(7)
114.3
(4.5)
75.9
(2.988)
58.1
(2.287)
29.7
(1.169)
11.5
(0.453)
777.7
(30.617)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.5 5.0 7.9 8.1 9.5 9.9 12.3 10.4 9.2 8.8 6.0 3.8 95.4
Source: Weather China

Transportation[edit]

Railways[edit]

Nanyang has one major railway station: Nanyang Railway Station. There are also several other small stations serving suburban area.

Nanyang is a railway junction for the Nanjing-Xi'an Railway and the Jiaozuo-Liuzhou Railway. Direct train service is available to Shanghai, Nanjing, and Hefei to the east, Xian and Lanzhou to the west, Luoyang to the north and Liuzhou to the south.

Roads and expressways[edit]

Over 500 km (310 mi) of highway network has been built along the railway line and others. An 80 km (50 mi) beltway is being constructed surrounding the city. As of 2009, feasibility studies for 80 km of elevated rope suspension pathways hanging 10 meters high for pedestrian and bicycle use have been approved by city level governance. Installation will begin early 2010.

Airport and Airlines[edit]

Nanyang Airport is one of the three civil aviation airports in the province. It is only 20 minutes bus time from the urban area. Passengers can take airplanes to and from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Guilin.

There are also two avion airports.

Public transit[edit]

Nanyang city buses has about 30 lines in the urban area. Taxis are common.

Demographics[edit]

The whole city area has a population over 10.5 million, which is the largest prefecture-level city in China now. The Urban area has over 0.8 million people, which is the third largest city in Henan Province.

It has a population of about 1 million who commute from the city, mainly to Zhengzhou, Guangdong province, Beijing and Shanghai.

The majority of the province is Han; among the minority nationalities are the Hui people and Man people.

Culture[edit]

Language[edit]

NanyangXuZhongjingMemorialHall.jpg

Henan dialect, with easily identifiable stereotypical features. Its local dialect is known as Nanyang Hua (南阳话), spoken by about 15 million people around the area.

Wan Opera[edit]

It is the local form of Chinese opera.

Famous persons of Nanyang[edit]

Famous persons of Nanyang, modern times[edit]

Er Yuehe, Feng Youlan, Peng Xuefeng, Yao Xueyin, Ding Shengshu, Wang Yongmin

Activists[edit]

Democracy activist and Charter 08 signatory Liu Shasha (刘沙沙), also known as Liu Linna (刘琳娜).

Tourism[edit]

Within the metropolitan area[edit]

Temples, cathedrals, and mosques[edit]

Sights[edit]

Shopping Places[edit]

  • Meixilu Walking and Shopping Road
  • Bayi Walking and Shopping Road (under construction)
  • Nanyang Emporium
  • Nanyang Xinhua Commercial City (will be moved out)
  • Datton Mall
  • Dannisi Underground Shopping Mall

Outside the metropolitan area, but within the municipality[edit]

Temples, cathedrals, and mosques[edit]

Sights[edit]

Hotels and lodging[edit]

  • Jinkaiyue Oriental Hotel
  • Jindu Hotel
  • Nanyang Hotel
  • Yinquan Hotel

Nightlife[edit]

  • Baihe Band
  • Central (Zhongxin) Guangchang
  • Mingzhu Pool Club
  • Net Cafes
  • Dio Cafe
  • Yes Bar
  • Romantic Bar
  • Club 88

Economy[edit]

  • Nanyang has a developing cattle industry, as well as a tobacco factory.
  • The Bai River flows through Nanyang and provides it with an abundant supply of fish.
  • Nanyang produces two kinds of quality wine: Shedianlaojiu and Wolongyuye.
  • Henan oil field is the second largest oil field in Henan Province.
  • Agriculture plays an important role in its economy.
  • There is a large optical component production community in the area comprising several factories.

References[edit]

External links[edit]