Museo Nao Victoria

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Museo Nao Victoria (Chile)
ReplicaNaoVictoriaMagallanes.jpg
Nao Victoria Replica in the Museum
Established 2011
Location Punta Arenas, Chile
Type Maritime Museum
Website http://www.naovictoria.cl/

The Nao Victoria Museum is located in Punta Arenas, Chile, and has been open to the public since 1 October 2011. The museum is private, the owner has received the Medal of the President of Chile for his work in promoting national identity during the celebrations for the bicentenary of the independence of the South American country.[1] Spanish Vice Consul in Punta Arenas gave the entrepreneur the prize "Hispanic Identity" for the building of the Nao Victoria Replica. [2]

A visitor dressed as a Spanish Conquistador, part of the interactive programs in the Museum

Aim of the Museo Nao Victoria[edit]

The museum's goal is to be interactive and offer its visitors the experience of interacting with replicas of the ships that contributed to the discovery of the area, colonization of the territory, or have a special and historic heritage significance for the Magallanes Region of Chile. The replicas were built using traditional shipbuilding techniques.

Collections[edit]

The main collection of the museum is the full-size replicas of historic ships on display along the Straits of Magellan. Replicas of weapons and ancient navigation tools are also exhibited as well as copies of documents and books relating to the historic ships and an outdoor shipbuilding workshop.

Replicas[edit]

Today the museum has three ship replicas:

Nao Victoria[edit]

Nao Victoria, was a carrack, 27 metres (89 ft) long, 7 metres (23 ft) wide, that was part of the fleet commanded by Ferdinand Magellan that discovered the waterway through the American continent. Later, commanded by Juan Sebastian Elcano, she was the only ship of the five to complete the first-time circumnavigation of the globe. Command by Duarte Barbosa, Nao Victoria participated in the Discovery of Chile as the first to explore the region in 1520, discovery or naming of Patagonia, Cape Virgenes, Straits of Magellan, Tierra del Fuego, the Pacific Ocean and other milestones.

She is one of the most famous ships in history of navigation.

Nao Victoria
Replica of Nao Victoria
Replica of Nao Victoria, tourists on board. 
Replica of Nao Victoria, Pablo, the first native american to be baptised in Chile. 
Replica of Nao Victoria, Magellan in its cabin. 
Replica of Nao Victoria, cook at the stove. 

James Caird[edit]

James Caird, was a lifeboat of the Endurance, adapted by Harry McNish, and sailed from Elephant Island to South Georgia during Sir Ernest Shackleton's 1916 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Many historians[who?] consider the feat of the crew of James Caird to be the most impressive of all global navigation.

James Caird
The replica of James Caird afloat in the river next to the Museum. 
The replica of James Caird to the Strait of Magellan, with in the background the Tierra del Fuego. 
The replica of James Caird in the workshop before being released in the Museum. 
The original James Caird displayed at Dulwich College, London. 
The replica of James Caird at the Museo Nao Victoria in winter with snow. 

Schooner Ancud[edit]

Ancud was the ship that, under an 1843 mandate of the President of Chile, Manuel Bulnes, claimed the Strait of Magellan on behalf of Chile's newly independent government, building Fort Bulnes. Commander of the schooner was Captain John Williams Wilson.

Ancud
The replica of Ancud, bow, keel and stern, with in the background the Nao Victoria
The replica of Ancud, complete hull structure. 
Ancud replica. 
Stern view of Ancud replica. 

HMS Beagle[edit]

HMS Beagle, a British Navy brig, was converted into exploration vessel. The most famous of her three trips was the second one under the command of Captain Fitz Roy. On board was the young Charles Darwin. HMS Beagle remained in the Magellan región for almost three years. She is famous for being the ship where Darwin started writing his theory of evolution. The construction of the full size HMS Beagle replica started in November 2012.[3]

HMS Beagle
First cut for HMS Beagle's keel. 
Keel, stem and stern of the 1:1 replica of the HMS Beagle ready for installation in Nao Victoria Museum of Punta Arenas 
Nao Victoria standing over HMS Beagle's replica construction site 
Starboard side view of the HMS Beagle's replica 
State of the art of the HMS Beagle's replica building process as for march 20, 2013 
Completed hull of the 1:1 replica of the HMS Beagle is starting to be painted in Nao Victoria Museum in Punta Arenas 

Other collections[edit]

Shipbuilding workshop[edit]

On 31 December 2011, the museum announced the construction of two new replicas in its shipbuilding workshop:[4] the Schooner Ancud was opened to public on 5 September 2012. The Beagle replica is under construction.

During summer 2013 the shipbuilding workshop of the Museum built a one third size scale replica of an 18th century galleon.[5]

The 1:3 replica of a galleon of the eighteenth century
Figurehead of 1:3 scale replica of a Galleon built in Santiago by the Nao Victoria Museum Punta Arenas 
Transom of 1:3 scale replica of a Galleon built in Santiago by the Nao Victoria Museum of Punta Arenas 
Starboard view of a 1:3 scale replica of a Galleon built in Santiago by the Nao Victoria Museum of Punta Arenas 

See also[edit]

Media related to Museo Nao Victoria (Chile) at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidente Sebastian Pinera expreso compromiso...". Radio Natales (in Spanish). 16 August 2010. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  2. ^ "Día de la Hispanidad" (pdf). La Prensa Austral (in Spanish). 18 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  3. ^ "Construyen Replica del HMS Beagle". radiopolar.com (in Spanish). 15 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-16. 
  4. ^ "Construirán réplicas navegables de la goleta Ancud y del bergantín Beagle". La Prensa Austral (in Spanish). 31 December 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  5. ^ "The 1:3 replica of a galleon of the eighteenth century". April 28, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-29. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°06′28″S 70°52′47″W / 53.10768°S 70.879832°W / -53.10768; -70.879832