A naos (Greek for temple) was the sanctuary, the innermost chamber, of a Greek temple, in Latin referred to as cella. The word is nowadays used for temple sanctuaries of many ancient cultures. In Egyptian languagehieroglyphs, two common versions exist, the oldest starting in the Old Kingdom era, then a common rectangular form from the New Kingdom and later.
A statue of a person holding a little naos, such as the statue of the Ramesside overseer of the treasury Panehsy, is called naophorous. The earliest examples of such statues date to the 18th dynasty.
The pavilion hieroglyph is a side view of the pharaoh seated, in opposing views, wearing the two separate crowns, the crown of the South, the white crown, and the crown of the North (the Delta), the red crown. The pavilion is composed of two side views of the naos (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. O18.
The early Old Kingdom labels, for example Pharaoh Den, portrayed him in a side view in his naos shrine. An example of the combined, opposed, view with the two crowns, is the lintel of Senusret II, 12th dynasty, 19th century BC. It shows the naos curved roofs of each half of the pavilion hieroglyph.