Naperville, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Naperville)
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 41°44′53″N 88°09′56″W / 41.74806°N 88.16556°W / 41.74806; -88.16556
City of Naperville
City
City of Naperville City Hall main entrance.jpg
Entrance of City Hall, 400 South Eagle Street, Naperville, Illinois, USA.
Coat of arms
Motto: Great Service - All the Time
Country United States
State Illinois
Counties DuPage, Will
Townships Lisle (DuPage), Milton (DuPage), Naperville (DuPage), Winfield (DuPage), DuPage (Will), Wheatland (Will)
River DuPage
Elevation 702 ft (214 m)
Coordinates 41°44′53″N 88°09′56″W / 41.74806°N 88.16556°W / 41.74806; -88.16556
Area 39.32 sq mi (102 km2)
 - land 38.77 sq mi (100 km2)
 - water 0.55 sq mi (1 km2), 1.4%
Population 144,864 (2013 estimate)
Density 4,025.38 / sq mi (1,554 / km2)
Settled 1831
 - Incorporated 1857 (Village)
1890 (City) [1]
Government Council–manager
Mayor A. George Pradel
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 60540, 60563-60565, and PO BOX Only Codes 60566-60567
Area codes 630 and 331
Location of Naperville within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Naperville, Illinois
Website: www.naperville.il.us
[2]

Naperville is a suburb of Chicago, located in DuPage and Will counties in the State of Illinois. Naperville was voted the second-best place to live in the United States by Money magazine in 2006.[3] It was rated 1st on the list of best cities for early retirement in 2013 by Kiplinger.[4] In a 2010 study, Naperville was named the wealthiest city in the Midwest and eleventh in the nation with a population over 75,000.[5] As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 141,853, which was estimated to have increased to 144,864 by July 2013.[6] It is the fifth-largest city in Illinois, preceded by Chicago, Aurora, Rockford, and Joliet. Approximately 95,000 Napervillians live on the DuPage County side, while about 45,000 reside on the Will County side. Once a quaint farming town, Naperville has evolved into an affluent city.

History[edit]

The Martin-Mitchell Mansion within the Naper Settlement outdoor museum.

In July 1831, Joseph Naper arrived at the west bank of the DuPage River with his family and friends to found what would be known as Naper's Settlement.[7] Among those original settlers were Naper's wife Almeda Landon, his brother John with wife Betsy Goff, his sister Amy with husband John Murray, and his mother Sarah. Their arrival followed a nearly two-month voyage across three Great Lakes in the Naper brothers' schooner, the Telegraph. Also on that journey were several families who remained in the still raw settlement that would become Chicago, including that of Dexter Graves[8] who is memorialized in Graceland Cemetery by the well-known Lorado Taft statue "Eternal Silence" (also known as "the Dexter Graves Monument").

By 1832, over one hundred settlers had arrived at Naper's Settlement. Following the news of the Indian Creek massacre during the Black Hawk War, these settlers were temporarily displaced to Fort Dearborn for protection from an anticipated attack by the Sauk tribe. Fort Payne was built at Naper's Settlement, the settlers returned and the attack never materialized. The Pre-Emption House was constructed in 1834, as the Settlement became a stage-coach stop on the road from Chicago to Galena. Reconstructions of Fort Payne and the Pre-Emption House stand as part of Naper Settlement outdoor museum village, which was first established by the Naperville Heritage Society and the Naperville Park District in 1969 to preserve some of the community's oldest buildings.[8]

After DuPage County was split from Cook County in 1839, Naper's Settlement became the DuPage county seat, a distinction it held until 1868. Naper's Settlement was incorporated as the Village of Naperville in 1857, at which time it had a population of 2,000. Reincorporation as a city occurred in 1890.

A predominantly rural community for most of its existence, Naperville experienced a population explosion starting in the 1960s, but largely during the 1980s and 1990s, following the construction of the East-West Tollway (now known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway) and Interstate 355 (originally known as the North-South Tollway, now the Veterans Memorial Tollway). In the past two decades, it has nearly quadrupled in size as the Chicago metropolitan area's urban sprawl brought corporations, jobs, and wealth to the area.[8]

On April 26, 1946, Naperville was the site of one of the worst train disasters in Chicago history. Two Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad trains, the Advance Flyer and the Exposition Flyer, collided 'head to tail' on a single track just west of the Loomis Street grade crossing. The accident killed 45 and injured approximately 127 passengers and/or crew members.[9] This event is commemorated in a metal inlay map of Naperville on the southeast corner of the Nichols Library's sidewalk area.[10] In 2012 author Chuck Spinner published The Tragedy at the Loomis Street Crossing which details the events of the tragedy and gives the stories of the 45 persons who perished.[11] On April 26, 2014, a memorial entitled Tragedy to Triumph was dedicated at the train station. The sculpture by Paul Kuhn is dedicated not only to the crash victims but also to the rescuers at the crash site.[12]

The March 2006 issue of Chicago magazine cites a mid-1970s decision to make and keep all parking in downtown Naperville free, in order to keep downtown Naperville "alive" in the face of competition with Fox Valley Mall in Aurora and the subsequent sprawl of strip shopping malls. Existing parking meters were taken down, parking in garages built in the 1980s and 1990s is free, and parking is still available on major thoroughfares during non-peak hours.[8]

Naperville marked the 175th anniversary of its 1831 founding in 2006. The anniversary events included a series of celebrations, concerts and a balloon parade.[13]

Geography and climate[edit]

Naperville is located at 41°44′53″N 88°9′56″W / 41.74806°N 88.16556°W / 41.74806; -88.16556 (41.7481889, −88.1656320) at an elevation of 702 ft (214 m).[2]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 39.32 square miles (101.8 km2), of which 38.77 square miles (100.4 km2) (or 98.60%) is land and 0.55 square miles (1.4 km2) (or 1.40%) is water.[14] Portions of the city of Naperville drain to the West Branch of the DuPage River within DuPage County.[15] Specifically, in the flood of 1996, downtown businesses in the City of Naperville incurred a significant amount of damage. Overall, however, Forest Preserve District ownership of a large amount of property along the West Branch has minimized development in flood plains and has helped reduce the amount of damages resulting from overbank flooding that have occurred in more developed watersheds in the County.[15]

Naperville borders the communities of Warrenville, Wheaton, Lisle, Woodridge, Bolingbrook, Plainfield, and Aurora.

Climate data for Naperville, Illinois
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 30
(−1)
35
(2)
47
(8)
60
(16)
71
(22)
80
(27)
83
(28)
81
(27)
75
(24)
63
(17)
48
(9)
34
(1)
58.9
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 15
(−9)
18
(−8)
27
(−3)
37
(3)
46
(8)
56
(13)
61
(16)
60
(16)
51
(11)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
19
(−7)
38.3
(3.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.91
(48.5)
1.93
(49)
2.46
(62.5)
3.55
(90.2)
4.07
(103.4)
4.18
(106.2)
4.13
(104.9)
4.34
(110.2)
3.43
(87.1)
3.14
(79.8)
3.34
(84.8)
2.38
(60.5)
38.86
(987.1)
Source: [16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,713
1880 2,073 21.0%
1890 2,216 6.9%
1900 2,629 18.6%
1910 3,449 31.2%
1920 3,830 11.0%
1930 5,118 33.6%
1940 5,272 3.0%
1950 7,013 33.0%
1960 12,933 84.4%
1970 22,794 76.2%
1980 42,330 85.7%
1990 85,351 101.6%
2000 128,358 50.4%
2010 141,853 10.5%
Est. 2013 144,864 2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
2013 Estimate[6]

There were 141,644 people, 52,270 households, and 36,289 families residing in the city. As of July 2013, Naperville was the 176th most populous city in the United States.[18]

According to the 2005 American Community Survery, the population density was 4,162.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,606.3/km²). There were 51,636 housing units at an average density of 561.3/km² (1454.5/mi²).[19] The racial makeup of the city was 82.00% White, 2.54% African American, 0.07% Native American, 12.65% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.23% of the population.

There were 48,655 households out of which 45.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.0% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.55.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.9 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $105,585, and the median income for a family was $130,164. Males had a median income of $82,515 versus $46,533 for females. The per capita income for the city was $48,239. About 2.5% of the population was below the poverty line, including 1.2% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

In 2011, 14.9% of Naperville's residents were Asian, making it the Chicago suburb with the tenth highest percentage of Asians.[20]

Economy[edit]

Naperville is located within the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor. Employers contributing to the population explosion of the 1980s and 1990s included: Bell Labs and Western Electric (now Alcatel-Lucent), Amoco (now BP and Ineos), Nalco, Nicor, and Edward Hospital. Tellabs has its corporate headquarters in Naperville,[21] and ConAgra's Grocery division branch office employs approximately 400 workers.[22] OfficeMax moved its corporate headquarters there in 2006.[23] Kraft Foods opened their Naperville site in 1968, and employs over 200 individuals at the plant, which supplies all Triscuit products for North America.[24] Naperville is also home to the headquarters of Dukane Precast, and their double-wall precast concrete manufacturing plant.[25] Fermilab and Argonne National Laboratory are also located nearby. Naperville was one of the ten fastest growing communities in the United States during the 1990s.[26]

The Naperville area is home to many popular retailers, restaurants and shopping centers, such as downtown Naperville, Freedom Commons, Springbrook Prairie Pavilion, and the Route 59 and Ogden Avenue corridors.[27] Naperville has over eleven automobile dealerships, and in October 2006, the city opened the country's first public-private automobile test track, situated on a 9-acre (3.6 ha) course, at a cost of $1.5 million.[28][29]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[30] the top ten employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Edward Hospital 4,288
2 Nicor 3,700
3 Alcatel-Lucent 3,600
4 Indian Prairie School District 204 3,184
5 Naperville Community Unit School District 203 2,575
6 BP America 1,750
7 OfficeMax 1,500
8 Tellabs 1,200
9 Nalco 1,000
10 City of Naperville 998

Culture[edit]

Nichols Library

The Naperville Public Library has been ranked number one in the United States each year from 1999 through 2010, for cities with populations between 100,000 and 249,999 by Hennen's American Public Library Ratings.[31]

There are three public library locations within the city limits:

  • The Nichols Library is located in downtown Naperville, at 200 W. Jefferson Street. It opened at this location in March 1986. It is a 63,300 square feet (5,900 m2) structure[32] and is pictured at right. The previous library building still stands on Washington Street, just south of the YMCA building, at Washington and Van Buren.
  • The Naper Boulevard Library was dedicated in December 1992 and underwent internal renovations in 1996. It is located at 2035 S. Naper Boulevard and is the smallest of the three buildings at 32,000 square feet (3,000 m2)[32]
  • The 95th Street Library is located near the intersection of 95th Street and Route 59, at 3015 Cedar Glade Drive (just west of Neuqua Valley High School). Having opened in September 2003, it is the newest and largest of the three facilities at 73,000 square feet (6,800 m2)[32] and features a modern, curving architectural style.

In May 2005, a local technology company was contracted to install fingerprint scanners as a more convenient access method to the libraries internet computers,[33] provoking some controversy. After further testing, the technology was not implemented.[33]

The three libraries are used heavily by the public, including around one and a half million visitors and a circulation of about five million items yearly.[32][34]

Naperville is home of the Naperville Independent Film Festival, an annual film festival which features the work of independent filmmakers.[35]

Moser Tower, containing the Millennium Carillon

Notable people[edit]

Tourism[edit]

The Naperville Historic District is a set of 613 buildings, located in the older eastern section of Naperville and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Moser Tower and Millennium Carillon[edit]

In 1999, Naperville was designated a White House Millennium Community, due to the construction of the Moser Tower and Millennium Carillon. The tower is a bell tower just north of Aurora Avenue and at the base of Rotary Hill within the Riverwalk Park complex. The Carillon is specially designated as a Grand Carillon, with 72 bells, and is one of only four worldwide that span six octaves. It was dedicated in an Independence Day event on June 29, 2000, with a reception attended by over 15,000, and a performance by the Naperville Municipal Band and the Naperville Men's Glee Club and Festival Chorus. The Carillon is both manually and also computer-playable, with most performances being done by hand, but with half the bells played by a computer-controlled system at set times during the day. At present, the Carillon is operational and tours are available after concerts. Disputes over funding the completion of the tower were debated before the Naperville City Council during the fall of 2005 (and are still not resolved).[dated info] The design of the tower won an award for "Best Custom Solution" from the Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute (PCI).[36]

Law and government[edit]

Townships[edit]

Naperville is located in six townships in two counties. In Dupage County, the Northwest portion is in Winfield Township, the Northeast portion is in Milton Township, the West central portion is in Naperville Township, and the East central portion is in Lisle Township. In Will County, the Southwest portion is in Wheatland Township, and the Southeast portion is in DuPage Township.[37] The largest number of Naperville residents live in Lisle Township, followed by Naperville Township.

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Two K-12 public school districts serve the city of Naperville (along with a number of private, parochial schools, including private schools in neighboring Aurora and Lisle). Within the state of Illinois, school districts are numbered by their county.

Naperville Community Unit School District 203, established in 1972 through the merger of elementary and high school districts, serves central and northern Naperville (as well as portions of neighboring Lisle and Bolingbrook). The current District 203 school buildings were constructed between 1928 (Ellsworth) and 2010 (Ann Reid Early Childhood Center).[39]

The district has two high schools: Naperville Central High School and Naperville North High School, four junior high schools and thirteen elementary schools within Naperville city limits.[40] Additionally, the school district has one junior high and one elementary school located in Lisle.

Indian Prairie School District 204 (IPSD) was also formed through merged districts in 1972. Neuqua Valley High School, along with five middle schools and 14 elementary schools from this district, are within Naperville city limits in the southern part. In total, IPSD runs and maintains 3 high schools, 7 junior high schools, 21 elementary schools, 1 preschool, and 1 alternative high school. The district serves western and southwestern Naperville, along with eastern Aurora and parts of Bolingbrook and Plainfield.[41]

Private schools located in the city limits include St. Raphael Catholic School, SS. Peter and Paul Catholic School, All Saints Catholic Academy, Naperville Christian Classical Academy, Covenant Classical School,[42] Calvary Christian School, Bethany Lutheran School, and Chesterbrook Academy.

Media[edit]

Television[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Radio[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Health systems[edit]

Edward Hospital serves Naperville while Good Samaritan in Downers Grove, Central DuPage in Winfield and two other hospitals in nearby Aurora also serve the city. For many years, Edward Hospital and others have tried to introduce a new hospital into Naperville only to have their request turned down. Thus, Naperville remains the only large Illinois city with only one hospital. Edward Hospital currently is trying to open a hospital in nearby Plainfield to help Naperville citizens with travel times to Edward Hospital.[48]

Parks[edit]

View of the Riverwalk Quarry in Naperville, Illinois, USA from Eagle Street, near Jackson Street. Moser Tower is in the right-center background and Rotary Hill (serving as a sled hill) is in the left background.

The Naperville Park District manages and provides leisure and recreational activities for Naperville and nearby residents. The District was established by referendum in 1966. As of 2007, the Park District manages over 2,400 acres (10 km2) of open space, including over 130 parks and four sports complexes.[49] The Park District also manages two golf courses, Springbrook and Naperbrook.[50] In addition, the Park District is responsible for the Naperville Riverwalk, construction of which began in 1981, marking the 150th anniversary of the first Joseph Naper's settlement. Some of the other facilities managed by the Park District include:

  • Centennial Beach, with adjacent Centennial Park.
  • Two parks dedicated to skateboarding and in-line skating, at Frontier Sports Complex and Centennial Park.
  • Commissioners Park, which includes Naperville's first official Cricket pitch, opened in 2006.
  • Alfred Rubin Riverwalk Community Center
  • Community Garden Plots, located on West Street.
  • Knoch Knolls Park, which includes a small mountain biking trail and nine-hole frisbee golf course, located south between Ring Road and 95th Street.
  • Naperville Sportsman's Club – Public trap shooting range

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

As a typical American suburb, Naperville' uses automobiles as its main mode of transportation. The Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway (the tolled portion of Interstate 88) runs near the north edge of Naperville with 3 exits serving the city at IL 59, Winfield Rd. (in Warrenville), and Naperville Rd. Interstate 55 runs about 5 miles south of the city, through Bolingbrook and Romeoville. People wishing to reach Naperville from I-55 exit at Weber Road and head north.

US Route 34 Ogden Avenue enters Naperville in the west at Illinois Route 59 coming from Oswego and Aurora at an east-northeast/west-southwest angle. At Rickert Drive, US 34 Ogden Ave curves to the north and goes under the BNSF Railroad bridge before turning east at North Aurora Road/Raymond Dr. US 34 Ogden Ave exits the east side of the city at Naper Blvd and continues into Lisle and Downers Grove.

Illinois Route 59 travels north and south coming into town from Plainfield on the south (just south of 111th Street) and Warrenville on the north (at I-88). Route 59 is also the west border with Aurora from US 34 Ogden Ave to the BNSF Railroad bridge.

Main east-west streets include: 111th St. (Hassert Blvd.), 95th St. (Knoch Knolls Rd.), 87th St., Aurora Ave., North Aurora Rd., Diehl Rd., Rickert Dr., Royce Rd., Bailey Rd., Hobson Rd., and Chicago Ave.

Main north-south streets include: Raymond Dr., Book Rd., River Rd., West St., Naperville-Plainfield Rd., Modaff Rd., Washington St., Naper Blvd.(Naperville Rd.), and Wehrli Rd.

From 75th Street south Naperville numbered east-west streets roughly follow the same grid layout as the City of Chicago. In other words, if 75th Street continued east past its terminus at Illinois Route 83, in Willowbrook, it would eventually be the same 75th Street as found in Chicago city limits. However, the older part of Naperville has a second numerical grid, starting downtown at Main and Benton, with 4th and 5th Avenues just north of the BNSF tracks, and continuing through 15th Avenue. The difference is that the numbers in the older system go up from downtown, traveling south to north, and the other grid's numbers go up as you travel north to south. There is also a geographical based naming system, with West Street and North Street defining the older boundaries of the city. Along with these are streets named after the city they lead to, i.e., Naper/Plainfield Road heads towards Plainfield, while Aurora Avenue leads to Aurora and Chicago Avenue to Chicago (it becomes Maple Ave. in neighboring Lisle before becoming 55th Street in Downers Grove).

Train service[edit]

The first rail link to Chicago dates to 1864. Naperville currently has three tracks belonging to the BNSF Railway that run through the north end of town, with passenger rail service provided by Metra and Amtrak. Amtrak's three routes through Naperville are the Illinois Zephyr, the California Zephyr and the Southwest Chief. A third Metra station is planned on the STAR Line at Wolf's Crossing.

Bus service[edit]

Pace provides feeder bus service to the Metra stations and local midday service, both operated under contract. It also operates bus routes from Naperville to Aurora (which serves Aurora's Westfield Fox Valley Mall) and Wheaton (which serves the College of DuPage).

Airport[edit]

Chicago O'Hare Airport and Chicago Midway Airport are approx. 28 and 25 mi (45 and 40 km) away from Naperville, respectively.

There is also one private airport, the Naper Aero Club field, designation LL-10, on the western edge of town. The field is notable for being the home of the Lima Lima Flight Team.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Naperville History". The Encyclopedia of Chicago. Naperville Heritage Society. 2004. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "City of Naperville". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. February 27, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Best Places to Live 2006 – Money Magazine". CNN. 
  4. ^ Rapacon, Stacy (March 2013). "10 Best Cities for Early Retirement". kiplinger.com. Kiplinger. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Thomas, G. Scott (February 22, 2010). "Rich City, Poor City: Ratings of America's Wealth Centers". Portfolio.com. Bizjournals. Archived from the original on August 27, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2013.  via Internet Archive
  6. ^ a b "2013 Population Estimates". Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "Several Towns Named After Founders and Heroes". The Daily Herald. December 28, 1999. p. 220. Retrieved August 17, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  8. ^ a b c d Rodkin, Dennis (March 2006). "Why Everybody Loves Naperville". Chicago. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  9. ^ Doster, Adam (April 26, 2013). "This Is the 67th Anniversary of the Horrible Naperville Train Crash You’ve Never Heard Of". chicagomag.com. Chicago Magazine. Retrieved August 23, 2013. 
  10. ^ Nichols Library Map – Naperville Illinois on Flickr
  11. ^ The Tragedy at the Loomis Street Crossing 2012 By Chuck Spinner ISBN 978-1-4685-5594-3 ISBN 978-1-4685-5593-6 Library of Congress # 2012904250
  12. ^ Anatomy of an art project Naperville Sun February 28, 2014 Pages 1,6 & 7 By Susan Frick Carlman Chicago Sun Times Media
  13. ^ "Naper Settlement Annual Report" (PDF). Naperville Heritage Society. 2006. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 
  15. ^ a b "West Branch DuPage River Watershed Plan" (PDF). DuPage County Division of Stormwater Management. February 14, 2006. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Monthly Averages for Naperville, IL (60540)". The Weather Channel. Retrieved March 22, 2012. 
  17. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 9, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2013 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. May 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "Fact Sheet for Naperville, IL". 2005 American Community Survey. US Census Bureau. September 2006. Retrieved September 10, 2007. 
  20. ^ Selvam, Ashok. "Asian population booming in suburbs." Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, Illinois). March 6, 2011. Retrieved on June 19, 2013.
  21. ^ "Tellabs Locations". Tellabs. 2010. Retrieved December 24, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Locations: Naperville, Illinois". ConAgra Foods, Inc. 2010. Retrieved December 24, 2010. 
  23. ^ "OfficeMax Selects Naperville for Headquarters Location – re> ITASCA, Ill., Sept. 29 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/". Illinois: Prnewswire.com. September 28, 2005. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Kraft Foods’ Naperville Plant Celebrates 41st Anniversary". Chamber News. Naperville Area Chamber of Commerce. July 2, 2009. Retrieved December 24, 2010. 
  25. ^ "About Our Plant". Dukane Precast. 2010. Retrieved December 24, 2010. 
  26. ^ http://www.census.gov/prod/2001pubs/c2kbr01-2.pdf
  27. ^ "Shopping Spree". Visit Naperville.com. Naperville Convention and Visitors Bureau. 2010. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Naperville Auto Test Track". City of Naperville. 2010. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 
  29. ^ Filipponio, Frank (October 7, 2006). "Country's first public test drive track opens in Illinois". AutoBlog. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 
  30. ^ "City of Naperville CAFR" (PDF). Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  31. ^ Hennen, Jr., Thomas J. (April 2010). "2010 Hennen's American Public Library Ratings Edition". Hennen's American Public Library Ratings Index. Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  32. ^ a b c d "Strategic Plan 2007–2010" (PDF). Naperville Public Library. July 2009. Retrieved December 24, 2010. 
  33. ^ a b "American Libraries – Naperville to Launch Fingerprint ID System for Internet Access". ALA. May 20, 2005. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  34. ^ "Naperville Public Library Fact Sheet" (PDF). Naperville Public Library. 2010. Retrieved December 24, 2010. 
  35. ^ Jenco, Melissa (September 17, 2009). "Naperville Film Fest: 8 days, 80 flicks". Daily Herald. Retrieved September 27, 2009. 
  36. ^ "Millennium Carillon – Naperville, Ill." (PDF). Ascent Magazine. Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute. Fall 2002. p. 26. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  37. ^ "Townships". City of Naperville, Illinois. 2009. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  38. ^ "Naperville Regional Center". College of DuPage. Retrieved October 18, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Links to Schools – Naperville Community Unit School District 203". Naperville203.org. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  40. ^ "Schools K-12 – Naperville, IL Schools, California Schools, Texas Schools, Florida Schools, Arizona Schools". Schoolsk-12.com. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  41. ^ "IPSD 204: Schools At-A-Glance". Ipsdweb.ipsd.org. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  42. ^ http://covenantclassicalschool.org/
  43. ^ nctv17.com
  44. ^ WPFP, 1610 AM, emergency, city and road information.
  45. ^ Naperville Illinois Radio Station.
  46. ^ Stop and Go Radio – Internet based community radio.
  47. ^ WONC, 89.1 FM, radio station at North Central College.
  48. ^ "Edward Hospital pushes for Plainfield facility, again". Daily Herald. September 27, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  49. ^ "Naperville Park District | Parks & Facilities". Napervilleparks.org. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  50. ^ "Naperville Park District | Golf". Napervilleparks.org. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  51. ^ "City of Naperville || Sister Cities Commission". Naperville.il.us. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  52. ^ Sturges, Jenette. "Naperville gains new sister city in Mexico". Naperville Sun. Retrieved November 28, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ebner, Michael H. (1999). "Harold Moser's Naperville". Illinois History Teacher (Illinois Historic Preservation Agency) 7 (1): 39–47. Retrieved October 7, 2010. 
  • Gingold, Katharine K.; Gingold, Donald M. (2006). Ruth by Lake and Prairie: True Stories of Early Naperville, Illinois. Naperville, Ill: Gnu Ventures Company Publication. ISBN 0-9792419-0-1. 

External links[edit]

City-related sites[edit]

Public schools[edit]