Narail District

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Narail
নড়াইল
District
Location of Narail in Bangladesh
Location of Narail in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°08′N 89°30′E / 23.13°N 89.50°E / 23.13; 89.50Coordinates: 23°08′N 89°30′E / 23.13°N 89.50°E / 23.13; 89.50
Country  Bangladesh
Division Khulna Division
Area
 • Total 967.99 km2 (373.74 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 721,668
 • Density 750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total 35.65%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
 • Summer (DST) BDST (UTC+7)
Website Banglapedia Article

Narail (Bengali: নড়াইল Noraayil) is a district in South-western in Bangladesh. It is a part of the Khulna Division.

Geography[edit]

Narail District (নড়াইল) (Khulna Division) has an area of 967.99 km². It is located to the south of Magura District, north off Khulna District, with the Faridpur District and Gopalganj District on the east, and Jessore District to the west. Its average temperature ranges between 11.2C and 37.1C and has a yearly presperation of 1467 mm. Through the district flow the Madhumati (মধুমতি), Nabaganga (নবগঙ্গা), Bhairab (ভৈরব), Chitra (চিত্রা) and Kajla (কাজলা) rivers. There are many beels (বিল) and baors (বাওড়) most noted of which is Chachuri Beel.

Total Land Area Cultivable Area 176,504-acre (714 km2), Fallow Land 25,090-acre (102 km2), Area Under Forest 10 Acre, Area Irrigated 36,208-acre (147 km2), Area Under River 8,562-acre (35 km2)

Civil administration[edit]

Subdistricts[edit]

The district has three upazilas: Narail Sadar Upazila, Kalia Upazila and Lohagara Upazila. and the districts has four thanas: Narail, Kalia, Lohagora and Noragati. Administration of Narail district was established in 1984. It consists of two municipalities, 18 wards, 43 mahallas, 3 Upazilas, 4 police stations (Narail, Kalia, Lohagara and Naragati), 37 union porishods, 445 mouzas and 649 villages. Municipalities are Narail Sadar and Kalia.

History[edit]

Narail town was named after a feudal lord (Zamindars). The zaminders established a market at Roopgonj, named after a zaminder. They established a post office for the first time in the district during British Raj near Rotongonj, named after another member of the feudal lord family. They modernised Narail. They promoted culture, sports and education in that part of the world.

The large playing field "Kuriddobe" was a gift of the feudal lord family. They introduced football competition in that part with a shield given to the champions and a cup the runners-up as well as medals to all players from early twentieth century. One of the feudal lords moved away from Narail and settled in Hatbaria and established another large manor (jomidarbaari).

Religion[edit]

Religion in Narail District
Religion Percent
Islam
  
88.75%
Hinduism
  
9.25%
Christianity
  
1.511%
others
  
0.489%

The district of Narail consists 1675 mosques, 248 temples, four churches, seven tombs and 11 shrines. Out of them the "Radha Raman Smriti Tirtha Mandir" at Debbhog is a prominent place to visit. Nishinath Tola in Rupganj and Lakkhipasha thakurbari are prominent places.

Places of interest[edit]

Laxmipasha adarasha para Motth at Borodia of Nishinathtola. The homestead of famous detective writer Dr. Nihar Ranjan Gupta is at Itna, Lohagora.

Narail Victoria College and Collegiate School is one of the oldest modern high school in Bangladesh, established in 1858 by the Landlords of Narail who were enthusiastics of education. They also established a girls' school which was a rarity in Bangladesh at that time. It's called Shib Shankar Memorial Girls' School. This school closed down due to lack of funding after they left East Pakistan for India. It was reopened by some local enthusiasts, like Mr. J Bhattacharjee, Mr. S Biswas and Mr. B Bhowmic. They borrowed furnitures from the neighbours. They went house to houses soliciting parents to send their children to the school.

Narail Palace was one of the biggest Landlord mansion in Bengal. When the Hindu landlords left East Pakistan for Kolkata after partition of India, the mansion was looted and vandalised and gradually collapsed. There is still some remains present specially the Kaalibaari (temple of goddess Kali), Shibmondir (temple of Lord Shiva) and the Bandha ghaat on the River Chitra. Some local people continued the famous Durga Puja in the mansion, but was discontinued after a few years. Part of the building was used for some time as government office. But due to lack of maintenance it gave in. Also Kalia Palace was one of the biggest Landlord mansion in Bengal. Some Landlord lived in Naragati. Naragati was a thana in British period. The predecessor of Robi Sankar & Uday Sankar lived in Kalia.

The famous writer Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was a magistrate in Narail and his book Neelkuthi was based on the forceful cultivation of indigo in Narail by the East India Company. Narail was once declared independence from the British Raj by Ms Shorola di (Sister Shorola), as she was known at the time by her followers of independence movement of India. But the independence lasted for 3 days only.

Dighalia sahapara every year arrange maha nam jagga . there are many people came here to see this occetion. in this place sarawsati puja is arranged by saha para friends club and ever green puja ujjapon committee. edit by tanmoy samajder.

Famous personalities[edit]

Chartered Accountants[edit]

( Akizur Rahman is currently working in BRAC as Head of Accounts for its operation in Afghanistan)

  • {MD RAFIQUL ISLAM,FCA} VILL-BHADRAVILA.POST-HATBARIA.PS NARAIL,DISTRICT NARAIL.

Transportation[edit]

  • Roads & Highways: Narail-Jessore-Magura-Dhaka, Narial-Gopalganj-Dhaka, Narial-Khulna, Narial-Satkhira.
  • Rural communications/roads:

Media[edit]

Print media:

  • Prothom Alo (National)
  • The Daily Kaler kantho (National)
  • The Daily Samakal (National)

Telecommunications:

Satellite Television:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nihar_Ranjan_Gupta

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengali_language

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mashrafe_Mortaza

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Districts_of_Bangladesh

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangla_Academy

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladesh

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khulna_District

http://www.prothom-alo.com/detail/date/2013-01-02/news/318176