Narasimha

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Narasimha
Protection
Narasimha oil colour.jpg
Devanagari नरसिंह
Sanskrit Transliteration Narasiṃha
Affiliation Avatar of Vishnu, generally 4th of the 10 primary avatars
Abode Vaikunta
Weapon Chakra and mace
Consort Lakshmi

Narasimha (Sanskrit: नरसिंह; Narasiṃha), (Tamil: நரசிம்மர்), (Kannada:ನರಸಿಂಹ) Narasingh, Narsingh and Narasingha-in derviative languages is an avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu and one of Hinduism's most popular deities, as evidenced in early epics, iconography, and temple and festival worship for over a millennium.[1]

Narasimha is often visualised as half-man/half-lion, having a human-like torso and lower body, with a lion-like face and claws.[2] This image is widely worshipped in deity form by a significant number of Vaishnava groups. He is known primarily as the 'Great Protector' who specifically defends and protects his devotees in times of need.[3]

Scriptural sources[edit]

Vishnu as Narasimha kills Hiranyakashipu, stone sculpture from the Hoysaleswara Temple in Halebidu, Karnataka

There are references to Narasimha in a variety of puranas, with seventeen different versions of the main narrative.[4] The Bhagavat Purana (Canto 7), Agni Purana (4.2-3), Brahmanda Puran (2.5.3-29), Vayu Puran (67.61-66), Harivamsa (41 & 3.41-47), Brahma Puran (213.44-79), Vishnudharmottara Puran (1.54), Kurma Puran (1.15.18-72), Matsya Puran (161-163), Padma Puran (Uttara-khanda 5.42), Shiv Puran (2.5.43 & 3.10-12), Linga Puran (1.95-96), Skanda Puran 7 (2.18.60-130) and Vishnu Puran (1.16-20) all contain depictions of the Narasimha Avatar. There is also a short reference in the Mahabharat (3.272.56-60) and a Gopal Tapani Upanishad (Narasimha tapani Upanisad), earliest of Vaishnav Upanishads named in reference to him.[citation needed]

Lord narasimha rock statue backyard simhachalam temple

References from Vedas[edit]

The Rig Veda contains an epithet that has been attributed to Narasimha. The avatar is described as "like some wild beast, dread, prowling, mountain-roaming" (RV.I 154.2a). There is an allusion to a Namuci story in RV.VIII 14.13: "With waters' foam you tore off, Indra, the head of Namuci, subduing all contending hosts." This short reference is believed to have culminated in the full puranic story of Narasimha.[1]

Narasimha and Prahlad[edit]

Bhagavata Puran describes that in his previous avatar as Varaha, Vishnu killed the asura Hiranyaksha. The younger brother of Hiranyaksha, Hiranyakashipu wanted revenge on Vishnu and his followers. He undertook many years of austere penance to take revenge on Vishnu:[5] Brahma thus offers the demon a boon and Hiranyakashipu asks for immortality. Brahma tells him this is not possible, but that he could bind the death of Hiranyakashipu with conditions. Hiranyakashipu agreed:

O my lord, O best of the givers of benediction, if you will kindly grant me the benediction I desire, please let me not meet death from any of the living entities created by you.

Grant me that I not die within any residence or outside any residence, during the daytime or at night, nor on the ground or in the sky. Grant me that my death not be brought about by any weapon, nor by any human being or animal.

Grant me that I not meet death from any entity, living or nonliving created by you. Grant me, further, that I not be killed by any demigod or demon or by any great snake from the lower planets. Since no one can kill you in the battlefield, you have no competitor. Therefore, grant me the benediction that I too may have no rival. Give me sole lordship over all the living entities and presiding deities, and give me all the glories obtained by that position. Furthermore, give me all the mystic powers attained by long austerities and the practice of yoga, for these cannot be lost at any time.

Brahma said, "Tatha asthu" (be it so) and vanished. Hiranyakashipu was happy thinking that he had won over death.[6]

One day while Hiranyakashipu performed austerities at Mandaracala Mountain, his home was attacked by Indra and the other devatas.[7] At this point the divine sage Narad intervenes to protect Kayadu, whom he describes as 'sinless'.[8] Following this event, Narad takes Kayadu into his care and while under the guidance of Narad, her unborn child (Hiranyakashipu's son) Prahlad, becomes affected by the transcendental instructions of the sage even at such a young stage of development. Thus, Prahlad later begins to show symptoms of this earlier training by Narad, gradually becoming recognised as a devoted follower of Vishnu, much to his father's disappointment.[9]

Hiranyakashipu furious at the devotion of his son to Vishnu, as the god had killed his brother. Finally, he decides to commit filicide.[10] but each time he attempts to kill the boy, Prahlad is protected by Vishnu's mystical power. When asked, Prahlad refuses to acknowledge his father as the supreme lord of the universe and claims that Vishnu is all-pervading and omnipresent. Hiranyakashipu points to a nearby pillar and asks if 'his Vishnu' is in it:

"O most unfortunate Prahlad, you have always described a supreme being other than me, a supreme being who is above everything, who is the controller of everyone, and who is all-pervading. But where is He? If He is everywhere, then why is He not present before me in this pillar?"[11]

Narasimha kills Hiranyakashipu, as Prahlad and his mother bow before Lord Narasimha

Prahlad then answers, He was, He is and He will be. In an alternate version of the story, Prahlad answers, He is in pillars, and he is in the smallest twig. Hiranyakashipu, unable to control his anger, smashes the pillar with his mace, and following a tumultuous sound, Vishnu in the form of Narasimha appears from it and moves to attack Hiranyakashipu. in defence of Prahlad. In order to kill Hiranyakashipu and not upset the boon given by Brahma, the form of Narasimha is chosen. Hiranyakashipu can not be killed by human, deva or animal. Narasimha is neither one of these as he is a form of Vishnu incarnate as a part-human, part-animal. He comes upon Hiranyakashipu at twilight (when it is neither day nor night) on the threshold of a courtyard (neither indoors nor out), and puts the demon on his thighs (neither earth nor space). Using his sharp fingernails (neither animate nor inanimate) as weapons, he disembowels and kills the demon.[12] Kurma Puran describes the preceding battle between the Purusha and demonic forces in which he escapes a powerful weapon called Pashupata and it describes how Prahlad's brothers headed by Anuhrada and thousands of other demons "were led to the valley of death (yamalayam) by the lion produced from the body of man-lion" avatar.[1] The same episode occurs in the Matshya Purana 179, several chapters after its version of the Narasimha advent.[1]

The Bhagavata Purana further narrates: even after killing Hiranyakashipu, none of the present demigods are able to calm Narasimha's fury, not even Shiva. So all the gods and goddesses call his consort, Lakshmi, but she is also unable to do so. Then, at the request of Brahma, Prahlad is presented to Narasimha, and finally he is calmed by the prayers of his devotee.[13] Before parting, Narasimha rewards the wise Prahlad by crowning him as the king.

According to Atharva Veda, Linga Purana, Skanda Purana and Sharabha Upanishad, Narasimha's anger did not go even by slaying Hiranyakashipu. Lord Shiva then took his avatar as Virabhadra to subdue him.[14][15] When that also failed, Shiva manifested as his thirteenth avatar Sharabeshwaramurti,[16][17] a human-lion-bird form. Shiva was then able to control Narasimha and let Lord Vishnu regained his original form.[18][19]

Narasimha and Adi Shankara[edit]

Narasimha is also a protector of his devotees in times of danger. Near Srisailam, there is a forest called Hatakeshwanam, that no man enters. Shankaracharya entered this place and did penance for many days. During this time, a Kapalika, by name Kirakashan appeared before him. Kapalikas are a set of people who live in the burial grounds and pray to God by giving human and animal sacrifice. He told Sri Shankara that he should give his body as a human sacrifice to Kali. Sankara happily agreed. His disciples were shocked to hear this and pleaded with Shankara to change his mind, but he refused to do so saying that it was an honor to give up his body as a sacrifice for Kali and one must not lament such things. The Kapalika arranged a fire for the sacrifice and Shankara sat beside it. Just as he lifted his axe to severe the head of Shankara, Lord Vishnu as Narasimha entered the body of the disciple of Shankaracharya and Narasimha devotee, Padmapada. He then fought the Kapalika, slayed him and freed the forest of Kapalikas. Adi Shankara composed the very powerful Lakshmi-Narasimha Karavalambam Stotram[20] at the very spot in front of Lord Narasimha.

Mode of worship[edit]

Due to the nature of Narasimha's form (divine anger), it is essential that worship be given with a very high level of attention compared to other deities. In many temples only lifelong celibates (brahmacarya) will be able to have the chance to serve as priests to perform the daily puja. Forms where Narasimha appears sitting in a yogic posture, or with the goddess Lakshmi are the exception to this rule, as Narasimha is taken as being more relaxed in both of these instances compared to his form when first emerging from the pillar to protect Prahlad.

Prayers[edit]

Narasimha deity in Bhaktapur Darbar, Nepal

A number of prayers have been written in dedication to Narasimha avatar. These include:

The Narasimha Maha-Mantra

Om Hreem Kshraum Ugram Veeram Mahaa-Vishnum,
Jwalantham Sarvatho Mukham
Nrisimham Bheeshanam Bhadram
Mrityu-Mrityum Namaamyaham.

"O' Angry and brave Maha-Vishnu, your heat and fire permeate everywhere. O Lord Narasimha, you are everywhere. You are the death of death and I surrender to You."

namas te narasimmhaya,
prahladahlada dayine,
hirannyakasipor vakssah,
sila ttanka nakhalaye
ito nrsimhah parato nrsimho,
yato yato yami tato nrsimhah,
bahir nrsimho hrdaye nrsimho,
nrsimham adim saranam prapadye

"I offer my obeisances to Lord Narasimha, who gives joy to Prahlad Maharaja and whose nails are like chisels on the stone like chest of the demon Hiranyakasipu." (Narasimha Pranama)

"Lord Nrsimha is here and also there. Wherever I go Lord Narasimha is there. He is in the heart and is outside as well. I surrender to Lord Narasimha, the origin of all things and the supreme refuge."[21]

tava kara-kamala-vare nakham adbhuta-srngam,
dalita-hiranyakasipu-tanu-bhrngam,
kesava dhrta-naraharee-rupa jaya jagadisa hare

"O Kesava! O Lord of the universe. O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of half-man, half-lion! All glories to You! Just as one can easily crush a wasp between one's fingernails, so in the same way the body of the wasplike demon Hiranyakasipu has been ripped apart by the wonderful pointed nails on your beautiful lotus hands." (from the Dasavatara-stotra composed by Jayadeva)[21]

Tvayi Rakshathi Rakshakai: Kim Anyai:,
Tvayi Cha Arakshati Rakshakai: Kim Anyai:,
Ithi Nischita Dhee: Srayaami Nityam,
Nruhareh: Vegavathee Tataasrayam Tvam!

"O Kamasikha Narasimha! you are sarva sakthan. When you are resolved to protect some one, where is the need to seek the protection of anyone else? When you are resolved not to protect some one, which other person is capable of protecting us?. There is no one. Knowing this fundamental truth, I have resolved to offer my saranagati at your lotus feet alone that rest at the banks of Vegavathi river." (Kamasika Ashtakam by Vedanta Desika)

ADi ADi agam Karaindhu isai
PADip PADik KaNNIr Malgi engum
' nADi nADi narasingA endru,
VADi VADum ivvAL nuthalE!

"I will dance and melt for you, within my heart, to see you, I will sing in praise of you with tears in joy, I will search for Narasimha and I am a householder who still searches to reach you (to attain Salvation)." (Divya Prabandham 2954)

Symbolism[edit]

Narasimha claws Hiranyakasipu at Banteay Srei in Cambodia.
  • Narasimha indicates God's omnipresence and the lesson is that God is everywhere. For more information, see Vaishnav Theology.
  • Narasimha demonstrates God's willingness and ability to come to the aid of His devotees, no matter how difficult or impossible the circumstances may appear to be.
  • Prahlad's devotion indicates that pure devotion is not one of birthright but of character. Prahlad, although born an asura, demonstrated the greatest bhakti to God, and endured much, without losing faith.
  • Narasimha is known by the epithet "Mriga-Sharira" in Sanskrit which translates to Animal-Man. From a philosophical perspective. Narasimha is the very icon of Vaishnavism, where jnana (knowledge) and Bhakti are important as opposed to Advaita, which has no room for Bhakti, as the object to be worshipped and the worshipper do not exist. As according to Advaita or Mayavada, the jeeva is Paramatma.

Significance[edit]

In South Indian art – sculptures, bronzes and paintings – Vishnu's incarnation as Narasimha is one of the most chosen themes and amongst Avatars perhaps next only to Ram and Krishna in popularity.

Lord Narasimha also appears as one of Hanuman's 5 faces, who is a significant character in the Ramayan as Lord Raam's(Rama) devotee.

Forms of Narasimha[edit]

Yog Narasimha form at a temple in Vijayanagara, Hampi, India

There are several forms of Narasimha, but nine main ones collectively known as Navanarasimha:

  1. Ugra-narasimha
  2. Kruddha-narasimha
  3. Vira-narasimha
  4. Vilamba-narasimha
  5. Kopa-narasimha
  6. Yoga-narasimha
  7. Aghora-narasimha
  8. Sudarsana-narasimha
  9. Laksmi-narasima

In Ahobila, Andhra Pradesh, the nine forms are as follows:

  1. Chhatra-vata-narasimha (seated under a banyan tree)
  2. Yoganand-narasimha (who blessed Lord Brahma)
  3. Karanja-narasimha
  4. Uha-narasimha
  5. Ugra-narasimha
  6. Kroda-narasimha
  7. Malola-narasimha (With Laksmi on His lap)
  8. Jvala-narasimha (an eight armed form rushing out of the pillar)
  9. Pavana-narasimha (who blessed the sage Bharadvaja)

Forms from Prahlad story:

  • Stambha-narasimha (coming out of the pillar)
  • Svayam-narasimha (manifesting on His own)
  • Grahana-narasimha (catching hold of the demon)
  • Vidarana-narasimha (ripping open of the belly of the demon)
  • Samhara-narasimha (killing the demon)

The following three refer to His ferocious aspect:

  • Ghora-narasimha
  • Ugra-narasimha
  • Chanda-narasimha

Others:

  • Panchamukha-Hanuman-narasimha, (appears as one of Sri Hanuman's five faces.)
  • Prthvi-narasimha, Vayu-narasimha, Akasa-narasimha, Jvalana-narasimha, and
  • Amrta-narasimha, (representing the five elements)
  • Jvala-narasimha (with a flame-like mane)
  • Laksmi-narasimha (where Laksmi pacifies Him)
  • Prasad/Prahlad-varada-narasimha (His benign aspect of protecting Prahlad)
  • Chhatra-narasimha (seated under a parasol of a five-hooded serpent)
  • Yog-narasimha or Yogesvara-narasimha (in meditation)
  • Avesha-narasimha (a frenzied form)
  • Attahasa-narasimha (a form that roars horribly and majestically strides across to destroy evil)
  • Chakra-narasimha, (with only a discus in hand)
  • Vishnu-narasimha, Brahma-narasimha and Rudra-narasimha
  • Pusthi narasimha, (worshipped for overcoming evil influences)

Early images[edit]

Narasimha statue

In Andhra Pradesh, a panel dating to third-fourth century AD shows a full theriomorphic squatting lion with two extra human arms behind his shoulders holding Vaishnav emblems. This lion, flanked by five heroes (virs), often has been identified as an early depiction of Narasimha.[22] Standing cult images of Narasimha from the early Gupta period, survive from temples at Tigowa and Eran.[23] These sculptures are two-armed, long maned, frontal, wearing only a lower garment, and with no demon-figure of Hiranyakashipu. Images representing the narrative of Narasimha slaying the demon Hiranyakasipu survive from slightly later Gupta-period temples: one at Madhia and one from a temple-doorway now set into the Kumra-math at Nachna, both dated to the late fifth or early sixth century A.D.[24]

An image of Narasimha supposedly dating to second-third century AD sculpted at Mathura was acquired by the Philadelphia Museum of Art in 1987. It was described by Stella Kramrisch, the former Philadelphia Museum of Art's Indian curator, as "perhaps the earliest image of Narasimha as yet known".[24] This figure depicts a furled brow, fangs, and lolling tongue similar to later images of Narasimha, but the idol's robe, simplicity, and stance set it apart. On Narasimha's chest under his upper garment appears the suggestion of an amulet, which Stella Kramrisch associated with Visnu's cognizance, the Kaustubha jewel. This upper garment flows over both shoulders; but below Hiranyakasipu, the demon-figure placed horizontally across Narasimha's body, a twisted waist-band suggests a separate garment covering the legs. The demon's hair streams behind him, cushioning his head against the man-lion's right knee. He wears a simple single strand of beads. His body seems relaxed, even pliant. His face is calm, with a slight suggestion of a smile. His eyes stare adoringly up at the face of Vishnu. There is little tension in this figure's legs or feet, even as Narasimha gently disembowels him. His innards spill along his right side. As the Matsya purana describes it, Narasimha ripped "apart the mighty Daitya chief as a plaiter of straw mats shreds his reeds".[24] Based on the Gandhara-style of robe worn by the idol, Michael Meiste altered the date of the image to fourth century AD.[24]

Deborah Soifer, a scholar who worked on texts in relation to Narasimha, believes that "the traits basic to Vishnu in the Ved remain central to Vishnu in his avataras" and points out, however, that: "we have virtually no precursors in the Vedic material for the figure of a man-lion, and only one phrase that simply does not rule out the possibility of a violent side to the benign Vishnu". Soifer speaks of "the enigma" of Vishnu's Narasimha avatara and comments that "how the myth arrived at its rudimentary form [first recorded in the Mahabharata], and where the figure of the man-lion came from remain unsolved mysteries".[25]

An image of Narasimha, dating to the 9th century, was found on the northern slope of Mount Ijo, at Prambanan, Indonesia.[26] Images of Thrivikrama and Varaha avataras were also found at Prambanan, Indonesia. Vishnu and His avatara images follow iconographic peculiarities characteristic of the art of central Java. This includes physiognomy of central Java, an exaggerated volume of garment, and some elaboration of the jewelry. This decorative scheme once formulated became, with very little modification, an accepted norm for sculptures throughout the Central Javanese period (circa 730–930 A.D.). Despite the iconographic peculiarities, the stylistic antecedents of the Java sculptures can be traced back to Indian carvings as the Chalukya and Pallava images of the 6th–7th centuries AD.[27]

Cultural Tradition of Procession (श्री नृसिंह यात्रा)[edit]

The Nrisimha Yatra of Lalitpur, Nepal

In Rajopadhyaya Brahmins of Nepal, there is a tradition of celebrating the procession ceremony of the deity Narasimha avatar, in Lalitpur district of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. The fifth day of holy Shrawan (श्रावण) month i.e. Shrawan Krishna Panchami of the Hindu Lunar Calendar is marked as auspicious day for the religious procession, Nrisimha Yatr a(नृसिंह यात्रा). This tradition of the holy procession has been held for more than a hundred years. This is one of the typical traditions of the Rajopadhyaya Bramhins, the Hindu Bramhans of the locality.[28]

In this Nrisimha Yatra (श्री नृसिंह यात्रा), each year one male member of the Rajopadhyaya[28] community gets the chance to be the organizer each year in that particular day. He gets his turn according to the sequence in their record, where the names of Rajopadhyaya bramhins are registered when a bramhan[29] lad is eligible to be called as a Bramhan.[30]

Temples dedicated to Narasimha[edit]

Temples indicated with * are Places of Pilgrimage.

In Andhra Pradesh[edit]

A representation of Sri Narasimha in Kadiri. Andhra Pradesh.
Lord Narasimha statue on walls of Simhachalam Temple
  1. *Ahobilam or Ahobalam is a major center of pilgrimage in South India, located in the Nandyal Taluka of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh, India. According to local legend, this is where Lord Narasimha blessed Prahlada and killed the demon Hiranyakashipa. It is an important place of worship for Vaishnavas and is one of the 108 Divya Desams.
  2. *Penna Ahobilam Lakshmi Narasimha temple
  3. *Yoga Narasimha Swamy, in Dharmapuri, Karimnagar District, Andhra Pradesh. It is said that at Dharmapuri, Narasimha Deva meditated in Yogamudra, after his Ugrarupa.
  4. Kotla-Narasimhulapalle, Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh
  5. *Kadiri Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy temple in Kadiri, Anantapur Dist, Andhra Pradesh.
  6. *Shri Yogananda Narasimha Swamy, Vedadri, near Vijayawada
  7. *Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Nacharamgutta, Medak district, Andhra Pradesh.
  8. *Shri Panakala Narasimha Swamy, Mangalagiri, near Vijayawada
  9. Shri Shobhanaachala Vyaghra Narasimha Swamy, Aagiripalli, near Vijayawada
  10. *Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy, Antarvedi, Sakhinetipalle, West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh
  11. *Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy, Peruru Village, Amalapuram, East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh
  12. *Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy, Yadagiri Gutta,[31] near Bhongir, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh. See Yadagirigutta (Temple)
  13. Shri Matsyagiri Laxmi Narasihma Swamy Devalayam, Vemula Konda, Valiginda mandal, Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh. The temple of Lakshmi Narasihma swamy is on the rock hill (konda) in Mastya avataram.
  14. Shri Varaha Narasimha Swamy, is the combination of Varaha avatar and Narasimha avatar. When Prahlada was thrown into the sea, Shri Varaha Narasimha swamy protected prahlada and raised a mountain. This mountain is the Simhachalam *Simhachalam, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
  15. Yoga Narasimha temple also known as Dakshina Simhachalam Singarayakonda, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh
  16. Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy, Mallooru, Warangal District (~70KM from Bhadrachalam), Andhra Pradesh.
  17. Sri Yogananda Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy, Mattapalli (at the confluence of Krishna and Musi rivers), about 15 km from Huzurnagar taluq, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh (Bus available from Miryalaguda/Kodada).
  18. Vadapally, Near Miryalaguda, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh
  19. *Shri Lord Lakshmi-Narasimha Swamy temple, Korukonda, near Rajahmundry, East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh.
  20. *Shri Malayadri Lakshmi Narasimha temple, Malakonda, near Kundakur, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh.
  21. Shri Prasanna Narasimha Swamy temple, Singarakonda, Prakasham district, Andhra Pradesh
  22. Shri Narasimha Swamy Temple, Khammam, Khammam District, Andhra Pradesh.
  23. Shri Penusila Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy, Penchalakona, Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh
  24. Shri Limbadri Narasimha Swamy, Bheemgal taluk, Nizamabad district, Andhra Pradesh
  25. Cheeryala Sree Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Devastanam, Cheeryala, Keesara Mandal, Rangareddy district, Andhra Pradesh
  26. Phani Giri gutta, Near Kottapet, Hyderabad, RangaReddy District, Andhra Pradesh
  27. Vedagiri Sree Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy, Narasimha Konda, Near Nellore, Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh.
  28. Sri Jwala Narasimha Temple, Parvathapuram, Feerjadiguda, Uppal, HYD
  29. Shri Narasimha Swamy Temple, Sigotam(singapatnam), Kollapur, Mahabubnagar district, Andhra Pradesh.
  30. *Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Road No.12 Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.
  31. Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple of Penchala Kona, Nellore(dt), Andhra Pradesh
  32. Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple garlavoddu, enkoor mandal, Khammam district, A.P
  33. *Guttameeda Narasimha swamy Temple Inugurti village, K Samudram Mandalam, Khammam District A.P
  34. *Tarigonda Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Tarigonda, Gurramkonda mandal, Chittoor Dist. A.P
  35. Narasimha Swamy Temple Kalwa Village, Adilabad Dist . A.P.

In Karnataka[edit]

Lord Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy at SRI HARI VAIKUNTA KSHETRA Bangalore
NARASIMHA MERU at SRI HARI VAIKUNTA KSHETRA Bangalore
  1. *Shri Guru Narasimha Swamy Devasthana[32] at Saligrama, Udupi district, Karnataka. Narasimha Idol here is in Yogananda Narasimha posture and is from the 8th century as per historians.[33]
  2. Balele Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Narasimha Gudda, Rajarajeshwari Nagar, Bangalore, Karnataka
  3. *Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple at Roopena Agrahara, Hosur Main Road, Bangalore, Karnataka. This is the only temple in India which has "Narasimha Meru" belonging to ancient period. "Narasimha Meru" is a hill shaped chakra made specifically for Narasimha Swamy. Pradakshana to this Chakra and Narasimha Swamy will clear kuja dosha.[34]
  4. Sri Yoga Narasimha, on a hilltop fortress at Melkote, Nagamangala, Mysore District, Karnataka. In Kannada, the term means, top (mele) fort (kote). The fort, situated on a near-vertical hill is a strategic area, overlooking the plains. Melkote is also the site of the famous Cheluvanarayana Temple and the annual Vairamudi festival, where the deity is adorned with a crown of dazzling uncut diamonds.
  5. Shri Narasimha Swami Zarni Cave Temple, Bidar District, Karnataka - It is said that Lord Narasimha after killing Hiranyakashpu, proceeded to kill a demon named Jalasura. Jalasura was a staunch devotee of Lord Shiva. After he was killed by Lord Narasimha, Jalasura turns into water starts flowing from Lord's feet. And to this day water keeps flowing from lord’s feet and fills the cave.
  6. Shri Yoga Mudre Lakshmi Narasimha Swami, Mudugere, near Hassan, Karnataka. Considered one of the most powerful forms of the Deity.
  7. Shri LakshmiNarasimha, Marehalli, Malavalli taluk Mandya district Karnataka.
  8. Shri Shodasha Bahu Narasimha Swamy, Karpara Kshetra, Koppara village, Raichur District, Karnataka.Koppar Sri Narasimha Devaru(Also known as Vruksharoopi Narasimha Swamy Temple) located in Raichur District, Devadurga Taluk, this SriKshetra is about 6 km from Devadurga.
  9. Sri Yoganarasimha Devalaya, Mysore, Karnataka.
  10. Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy, Malleswaram, Bangalore[35]
  11. Sri Narasimha Swamy Temple, Hatyal, C N Halli, Tumkur, Karnataka
  12. Shri Ugra Narasimha Swamy Devasthana at Maddur, Karnataka
  13. Shri Kambada Narasimha Swamy Devasthana at Sugganahalli, near Kudur, Tumkur district, Karnataka
  14. Shri Kambada Narasimha Swamy Devasthana at Sondalagere, Kunigal taluq, Tumkur district, Karnataka
  15. *Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Devasthana at Srirangapatna, Mandya district, Karnataka[36] this temple is situated near Sri RanganathaSwamy Temple, SriRangapatana Town, Mysore.
  16. Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Devasthana at Kammasandra, Nelamangala Taluk, Bangalore Rural District, Karnataka
  17. Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Devasthana at Balepet,Balepet Circle, Near upparpet Police Station, Bangalore.
  18. Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Bhadravathi, Karnataka,(built by Hoysalas)located in old town area of Bhadravati.
  19. Sheebi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Sheebi, Tumkur Dist, Karnataka.
  20. *Yoga Narasimha Swamy, Boga Narasimha Swamy temple, Devarayanadurga, Karanataka
  21. *Shri Ugra Narasimha, Shri Vijayendra Tirtha Prathistapitha, Moolky, Karnataka[37]
  22. Sree Lakshminarasimha swamy temple, Doddadalavatta, Madhugi taluq, Tumkur district, Karnataka
  23. Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Holenarsipura, Hassan district, Karnataka
  24. *Savandurga Narasimha Swamy Temple, Savana Durga, Magadi taluk, Ramanagar District
  25. *Holay Narasipura, Hassan district, Karnataka.
  26. *Hatyaalu Betta, Tiptur Taluk, Tumkur District, Karnataka
  27. *Sri Yoga Narasimha Swamy Devasthana at Gorur, Hassan District, Karnataka
  28. *Lakshminarasimhaswamy Temple at Nagamangala, Hassan District.
  29. *Gunja Narasimhaswamy Temple at T. Narasipura, Chamarajanagar District.
  30. *Sri Narasimhaswamy Temple at Jekkenahalli, Tumkur District.
  31. *Sri Lakshminarasimhaswamy Temple at B. R. Koppulu, Srirangapattana.
  32. *Thoravi Narasimhaswamy Temple at Bijapur.
  33. *Sri. Narasimhaswamy Temple, Sri Keshtra Shurpali on the banks of river Krishna Tq. Jamkhandi Dist :Bagalkot
  34. *Narasimha Temples run by GSB community in Karnataka are located at Mulki (Sri Ugra Narasimha of S.V. Temple),[38] Mogarnad (Panemangalore) and Kambada Narasimha at Nagar (Shimoga District)
  35. *Kambada Narasimha Swamy Temple at Alisandra, Nagamangala, Mandya District. (Behind Nagathihalli on Bangalore - Mangalore road close to bellur cross)
  36. *Sri Gunjam Narasimha Swamy, Baburayana Koppalu, Srirangapatna,Mysore.
  37. *Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, On O.P.H Road, Shivajinagara, Bangalore, behind Bowring Hospital.
  38. *Sri YogaNarasimha Devaru Temple, (Angaara Narasimha) Narasimha Teertha, Sree Padaraja Mutt at Mulbagilu Kolar District.
  39. *Sri Nadi Narasimha Temple,on the banks of Kanva river, Dodda Mallur, Channapatna, this place is about 2 km from the famous Aprameya Swamy Temple on the way to Bangalore-Mysore Highway.
  40. *Sri YogaNarasimha Swamy Temple, with Narasimha Dandam, at KereThonnur/Thondanur, built on small hillock situated at Srirangapatna Taluk, Mandya District, this place is about 8 km from Pandvapura, and 20 km from Melekote, on Melekote-Srirangapatna Highway.
  41. *Sri LakshmiNarasimha Temple, No.224, 7th Cross, Teachers Colony, Kaderenahalli, Banashankari 2nd Stage, Bangalore - 560070.
  42. *Sri.LakshmiNarasimha Swamy Temple, Bhuvaneshwari Nagar, Near Jayanthi Tiles Factory, R. T. Nagar Post, Bangalore - 560032.
  43. *Sri.LakshmiNarasimha Swamy Temple (Sudarshana Narasimha) Ahoabilla Mutt, on 3rd Main Road, Prakashnagar, Bangalore - 21. (next to Mudhaliar Choultry)
  44. *Sri Kambada Narasimha Swamy Temple,(also known as Ranganatha Swami temple)in Tattekere Village, Solur Hobli, this place is also called as Dhurvasamuni Kshetra, about 4 km from Solur Bus stand on the way to Kunigal.
  45. *Sri LakshmiNarasimha Swamy Temple, Sripathihalli, Kalya post, Magadi Tlq, Ramanagar District
  46. * Sri Champakarnya LakshmiNarasimhaSwamy, Champakaranya Beta a small hillock just behind the famous Champakadhamaswamy Temple, Temple Road, Bannerghatha Village, Bangalore.

Narahari

In Maharashtra and Goa[edit]

  1. Shree Narsimha Temple- Madgi,Center in Wainganaga River, Tah. Tumsar, Dist. Bhandara, 441913 Maharashtra.Religious Fair every year at the end of month December.
  2. *Shri Laxmi Narsimha Temple in Ranjani, Tal Ambegaon, near Manchar, District Pune-410504, Maharashtra.
  3. Sri Jwala Narasimha Temple in Kole Narasimhapur, Walva, Sangli District, Maharashtra.
  4. Shri Ugra Narasimha Temple, Holi, Nanded, Maharashtra
  5. Sri Laxmi Narasimha Temple, 1420 Sadashiv Peth, Pune, Maharashtra.
  6. Shri Laxmi Narsimha Temple in Ranjani, Tal Ambegaon, near Manchar, District Pune, Maharashtra.
  7. *Tathavade, Near Chinchwad, Pune district, Maharashtra
  8. *Nira Narsingpur, Indapur taluq, Pune district, Maharashtra
  9. Shri Laxmi Narsimha Temple in Veling (Mhardol), Tal Ponda, Goa
  10. Pokharni, Parbhani district, Maharashtra.
  11. * Sangawade, Taluka Karveer, District Kolhapur, Maharashtra (uniqueness here is that, Goddess Laxmi is sitting on right lap of the deity whereas else where she is on the other side)
  12. Shree Lakshmi Narsimha Temple, Dhom, Tal. Wai, District Satara, Maharashtra
  13. At Post - Nittur, Taluka - Chandgad, Dist- Kolhapur (around 40 km inside maharashtra from Belgaum. It is said that this temple was built by Pandvas when they were in exile. This is ancient temple in a big rock, it is engraved in a big solid rock.
  14. Sri Laxmi Narsimha Mandir, Partur, Dist Jalna, Maharashtra.
  15. Shri Laxmi Narsimha Mandir,Mandavgan,dist ahmednagar
  16. Shri Laxmi Narsimha Mandir, Mayani tal khatav Dist Satara old peth mayani,behind the postoffice,Dashputre wada
  17. Shri Laxmi Narasimha Mandir, Raher, Tal Naigaon(Kh), Dist Nanded, Maharashtra - Hemadpanthi Mandir on banks of Godavari river

In Tamilnadu[edit]

  1. Sri Malola Narasimha Swamy peetam velachery chennai 600042
  2. Sri Azhagaiya Nrsinga Perumal Temple, at Ennayiram, Ponducherry area, 123 km outskirt by the Cholan dynasty.
  3. Ramapuram Narasimhar, also known as Sri Lakshmi Narasimhar, at Ramapuram, Chennai.
  4. Sri Lakshmi Narashimha Swamy Kovil, Nangavalli (Near Mettur) Salem district, Tamil Nadu.
  5. *Sri Azhagiya Singar at Parthasarathy Kovil in Tiruvellikeni, Chennai.
  6. Shri Narasimha temple, Parikkal, Tamil Nadu
  7. *Shri Yoga Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy temple, Ghatikachala, Sholinghur, Tamil Nadu.[39]
  8. Sri Yoga Narasimha Kovil at Chintalavadi, Tamil Nadu
  9. Sri Kaattu Azhagiya Singar, Srirangam, Tiruchirapalli
  10. Shri Lakshmi Narashimar Temple, Ukkadam, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
  11. *Shri Ukkara Narshimar Temple, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu
  12. Shri Lakshmi Narasimhar Thirukoil, Pollachi, Tamil Nadu
  13. Shri Yoga Narashmar Temple, Aanaimalai, Othakkadai, Madurai, Tamil Nadu
  14. Shri Ugra Narasimhar Temple, Singaperumalkoil, near Chengalpattu
  15. *Ugra Narasimhar at Shri Prasanna Venkatachapathy Temple, Keelapavoor, near Tenkasi also known as South Ahobhilam
  16. Shri Yoga Narasimha Swamy Temple at Velachery, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
  17. Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swami Temple, [Lakshmi Narasimhar with four hands, in Santha roopa with His consort(Lakshmi) on His right lap (usually He will have His consort(Lakshmi) on His left lap).], vellore District.
  18. Padalathri Narasimha Swamy, Singa Perumal Koil, near Chennai, Tamil Nadu
  19. Nava Narasimhar Temple, Avaniyapuram, Tamil Nadu
  20. Shri Yoga Narasimha Swamy Temple, Keelavasal, near thanjore palace, Thanjavur.
  21. Shri Yoga Narasimha Swamy Temple, Vallam, Thanjavur Dist.
  22. Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, injeemedu, near Vandavasi, Tamil Nadu.
  23. Shri Amirthavailli Nayaga Samadha Shri Yoga Nanda Narashima Swamy Temple Sogathur 6 km from Vandavasi, Tiruvannamail DT. and 46 km from Kancheepuram
  24. Shri Lakshmi Narasimhar Temple, Polur, near Thiruvannamalai
  25. Shri Lakshmi Narasimhar Temple, PV Kalathur, near Chengalpet
  26. Shri Yoga Narasimhar Temple, Kanchipuram - (Tiruvelukkai one of the 108 divya desams)
  27. Shri Bhargavi Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Narasapuram (Sandar Setty Palli), Hosur Taluk, Krishnagiri District
  28. Shri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Krishnagiri, Krishnagiri District. 1500 years old temple
  29. Sri Lakshmi Narasimhar temple, Ammapettai, Thanjavur (Moolavar - wooden daity is carved in Vellerukku) (20 km east of Thanjavur, towards Nagapatnam)
  30. Sri Veera Narasimhar (Thiru Thanjai Yali temple) Palli Agraharam, Thanjavur = One of the 108 Diya sthalams
  31. Sri Yoga Narasimhar, East Gate, Thanjavur
  32. Shri Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy,Poovarasamkuppam,Villupuram
  33. Shri Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy temple, Singirikoil, Cuddalore.
  34. Shri Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy temple, halepuram,near pennagaram, Dharmapuri district

In Kerala[edit]

  1. Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple: Lord Narasimha Murthy is one of the main deities in the temple.
  2. Sri Narasimhaswamy Mahakshetram(Thuravoor Mahakshethram), Thuravoor, Cherthala, Alappuzha
  3. Chathankulangara temple in Chengannur, Alappuzha District, Kerala
  4. Sree Narasimha Swamy temple,Yeroor, kollam, kerala
  5. Sri Narasimhaswami Temple, Aymanam, Kottayam, Kerala
  6. Anayadi Pazhayidam Sri Narasimha Swami Temple, Sooranad, Kollam, Kerala
  7. Sri Edappurathu Lakshmi Narasimha Moorthi Temple, Puthuruthy, Kerala
  8. *Kulasserry Temple Thrissur, Kerala
  9. Sri Narasimhaswami Temple, Kadungalloor, Aluva
  10. Sri Narasimha Parthasarathy Temple, Thiruvangore, Kozhikode
  11. West Pattissery Sree VISHNU Temple CHALISSERY PALAKKAD
  12. Narasimha Temples run by GSB community in Kerala are located at Manjeshwar,[40] Ullal,[Thuravoor, Cherthala|Thuravoor]] and Alappuzha
  13. Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple. Thalasserry, 670101. Kerala. This is an important piligrim centre for GS Brahmins in the Northern parts of Kerala, and is located in the heart of Tellicherry town, in the Kannur district of Kerala. The Temple is less than half a kilometre from both the Railway station and the Bus stand. The temple and prathista faces North which is a unique feature. The temple established in 1831 A.D.
  14. Srinivasa Kovil, thekkumbhagom, Tripunithura - Here the god is Ugranarasimha. Ernakulam District
  15. Sri Narasimha Swamy Temple, Kadungalloor, Alwaye, 683 108, Kerala,
  16. Pandavath Sri Narasimha Swamy Temple, Aymanam, Near Kottayam Town, Kerala.
  17. Nechiyil Sree Narasimha kshetram, Rg:No 203/93, Cherapadum,(po) k.v.kavu, malappuram, kerala,673637
  18. Sri Narasimha Swamy Temple, Peruva, Kottayam District, Keralam
  19. Muriyamangalam Narasimha swamy Temple,Mamala,Thrivankulam,Ernakulam Dist (near Chottanikkara Devi temple) Kerala.
  20. Sri Ramamangalam Bala Narasimha Temple,Muvattupuzha to piravom route ( via ) pampakkuda. 15 km, Ernakulam, Kerala. Sree Shadkala Govinda Marar sung here. Both the highest koddi Maram of Kerala for Narasimha and shortest Koddi Maram for Ovu ( Pranala) Thangi Unni Bhootham is here in this Temple.30 km from Ernakulam Railway station.
  21. Narasimha Moorthy Temple - Thiruvazhiyadu - Nemmara - Palakkad Dist.

In Rajasthan[edit]

  1. Shri Narsinghji temple, Amer, Rajasthan
  2. *Shri Narsinghji Temple at Gudha, Rajasthan
  3. Shri Narsinghji Temple at Garhi, Hindon-Karoli Road, Karoli, Rajasthan
  4. Shri Narsingh Mandir, Hasampur, Between Kotputli and neem ka thana, Rajasthan
  5. Narsinghji Ka Mandir, Holidada, Ajmer, Rajasthan
  6. Narsinghji Ka Mandir, Lokhotiyon Chowk, Bikaner, Rajasthan
  7. Narsingh Mandir, Daaga Chowk, Bikaner, Rajasthan
  8. Narsimha Mandir, Khandela, Sikar, Rajasthan
  9. Shri khakhee jee ki bagichi,Bidasar,Churu,Rajasthan

In other places[edit]

Lord Narasimhan kills demon hiranyakasiyapu.(At left)The prahalada bows before lord
  1. *Megdi, Garud Taluk (Tehsil), Bageshwar District, Uttaranchal
  2. Narsinghji + Navgrahvatika + NrisinghKund, Goverdhan, Mathura District, Uttar Pradesh
  3. Narasimha mandir, Indore.
  4. *Mogri, Anand, Gujarat.
  5. Narsinghji temple, Ghadiyali Pole, Vadodara, Gujarat.
  6. *Narsinghpur, Madhya Pradesh
  7. *Shri Marjaara Nrusimha Temple, in his mighty cat-lion form near Nrusinghanath, Baragarh district, Odisha
  8. Narasimha Temple, near Gundicha Temple, Puri, Odisha
  9. Nrusingha mandira, Nalabanta, Aska, Ganjam, Odisha
  10. Nrusingha mandira, Sunamba Street, Aska, Ganjam, Odisha
  11. Nrusingha mandira, Bada Bazar, Bramhapur, Odisha
  12. Sri Bhakti Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, London, United Kingdom[41]
  13. Vara-Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Warsaw, Poland
  14. Simhachalam (ISKCON), Jandelsbrunn, Bavaria, Germany[42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Soifer (1991). The Myths of Narasiṁha and Vāmana: Two Avatars in Cosmological Perspective. Albany, N.Y: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-0799-3. 
  2. ^ "Bhag-P 7.8.19-22". Srimadbhagavatam.com. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  3. ^ Steven J. Rosen, Narasimha Avatar, The Half-Man/Half-Lion Incarnation, p5
  4. ^ Steven J. Rosen, Narasimha Avatar, The Half-Man/Half-Lion Incarnation, p1
  5. ^ Bhag-P 7.4.1 "Lord Brahma was very much satisfied by Hiranyakasipu's austerities, which were difficult to perform"
  6. ^ Bhag-P, Canto 7 7.3.35-38
  7. ^ Bhag-P 7.7.6 "The victorious demigods plundered the palace of Hiranyakasipu, the king of the demons, and destroyed everything within it. Then Indra, King of heaven, arrested Prahalad's mother, Hiranyakasipu's wife Kayadu, the Queen"
  8. ^ Bhag-P 7.7.8 "Narad Muni said: O Indra, King of the demigods, this woman is certainly sinless. You should not drag her off in this merciless way. This chaste woman is the wife of another. You must immediately release her."
  9. ^ "Bhag-P 7.8.6". Srimadbhagavatam.com. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  10. ^ Bhag-P 7.8.3-4 "Thus he finally decided to kill his son Prahlad. Hiranyakasipu was by nature very cruel
  11. ^ "Bhag-P 7.8.12". Srimadbhagavatam.com. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  12. ^ Bhag-P 7.8.29 "Lord Narasimhadeva placed the demon on his lap, supporting him with his thighs, and in the doorway of the assembly hall the lord very easily tore the demon to pieces with the nails of his hand."
  13. ^ "Bhag-P 7.9". Srimadbhagavatam.com. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  14. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=4VUS2Rxmy_QC&pg=PA151&dq=Sharabha&lr=&ei=6D1FS973E6WSkAS-04XrDQ&cd=41#v=onepage&q=Sharabha&f=false
  15. ^ Special:BookSources/1-60620-146-8
  16. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=OoFDK_sDGHwC&pg=PA4
  17. ^ Special:BookSources/978-0-7914-0799-8
  18. ^ http://www.harekrsna.com/sun/features/05-09/features1381.htm
  19. ^ http://www.kamat.com/jyotsna/blog/blog.php?BlogID=1149
  20. ^ "Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Karavalamba Stotram Lyrics - Lakshmi Nrsimha Devotional Video". Hindu Devotional Blog. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  21. ^ a b Steven J. Rosen, Narasimha Avatar, The Half-Man/Half-Lion Incarnation
  22. ^ Abdul Waheed Khan, An Early Sculpture of Narasimha, Andhra Pradesh Government Archaeological Series 16, Hyderabad: Government of Andhra Pradesh, 1964.
  23. ^ Alexander Cunningham, Archaeological Survey of India, Annual Reports IX (1873-75), p.47
  24. ^ a b c d Michael W. Meiste, Man and Man-Lion: The Philadelphia Narasiṁha, Artibus Asiae, Vol. 56, No. 3/4 (1996), pp. 291–301
  25. ^ Soifer, 73
  26. ^ Jan Fontein, et al. (1990). The sculpture of Indonesia, p. 145
  27. ^ Debjani Paul (1978) Deity or Deified King? Reflections on a Unique Vaiṣṇavite Sculpture from Java', Artibus Asiae, Vol. 40, No. 4 (1978), pp. 311–333.
  28. ^ a b "rajopadhyaya.org". rajopadhyaya.org. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  29. ^ "rajopadhyaya.org". rajopadhyaya.org. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  30. ^ A person is eligible for all kinds of rituals as a Bramhan only after his Chudakarma is marked.
  31. ^ "yadagirigutta.in". yadagirigutta.in. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  32. ^ "Picasa Web Albums - Sri Guru - Guru Narasimh". Picasaweb.google.com. 2008-07-18. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  33. ^ "Welcome to Koota Bandhu.org". Kootabandhu.org. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  34. ^ "sriharivaikuntakshetra.org". sriharivaikuntakshetra.org. 2013-03-02. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  35. ^ "slntemple.net". slntemple.net. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  36. ^ "PLACES OF INTEREST AT SRIRANGAPATNA". 
  37. ^ "Sri Venkatramana Temple Mulki - Mulki". Wikimapia.org. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  38. ^ Omnesys Technologies Pvt. Ltd. "svtmulki.org". svtmulki.org. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  39. ^ "More information on Sholinghur temple". Sholinghurnarasimhar.com. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  40. ^ "manjeshwar.org". manjeshwar.org. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  41. ^ "Worldwide Temples of". Bhakti Marga. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  42. ^ http://www.simhachalam.de/index.php?id=homepage-en

External links[edit]