Campero was the epicenter of an earthquake which struck on 1998-05-22. The earthquake with a force of 6.6 on the Richter scale caused over 100 deaths and thousands were left homeless. It was the largest shallow earthquake in Bolivia in over 50 years, and was felt as far away as Cochabamba and Sucre (approximately 100 km).
The earthquake caused widespread damage over an area of approximately 100 km in diameter. The major towns affected were Hoyadas (100% of the buildings destroyed), Aiquile (75% of the buildings destroyed) and Totora (70% of the buildings destroyed).