Narcissus jonquilla

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Jonquil or Rush daffodil
Narcissus jonquilla 3.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Genus: Narcissus
Species: N. jonquilla
Binomial name
Narcissus jonquilla
L.
Narcissus jonquilla distrib.jpg
Distribution range
Synonyms
  • Narcissus juncifolius Salisb. nom. illeg.[1]

Narcissus jonquilla (Jonquil, Rush daffodil) is a bulbous flowering plant, a species of Narcissus (daffodil) that is native to Spain and Portugal, but has now become naturalised in many other regions: France, Italy, Turkey, the former Yugoslavia, Madeira, British Columbia, Utah, Illinois, Ohio, and the southeastern United States from Texas to Maryland.

Narcissus jonquilla bears long, narrow, rush-like leaves (hence the name "jonquil", Spanish junquillo, from the Latin juncus = "rush").[2][3] In late spring it bears heads of up to five scented yellow or white flowers. It is a parent of numerous varieties within Division 7 of the horticultural classification.[4] Division 7 in the Royal Horticultural Society classification of Narcissus includes N. jonquilla and N. apodanthus hybrids and cultivars that show clear characteristics of those two species.[5][6]

N. jonquilla has been cultivated since the 18th century in France as the strongest of the Narcissus species used in Narcissus Oil, a component of many modern perfumes.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ a b Nigel Groom (30 June 1997). The New Perfume Handbook. Springer. pp. 170–171. ISBN 978-0-7514-0403-6. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English dictionary, 6th ed. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2007. p. 3804. ISBN 0199206872. 
  4. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  5. ^ Gordon R. Hanks (18 April 2002). Narcissus and Daffodil: The Genus Narcissus. CRC Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-415-27344-2. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Narcissus jonquilla". Retrieved 27 June 2013. 

External links[edit]