Nardi (carmaker)

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Officine Nardi was an Italian automobile and racing car maker, named for their creator.

Enrico Nardi was a racing mechanic, engineer, and driver who got his start with Lancia. He test drove the first car built by Auto Avio Costruzione in Modena, where many ex-Lancia colleagues joined him.[1]

In 1932,[1] Nardi joined with Augusto Monaco to create the Nardi-Monaco Chichibio.[2] It used an air-cooled 998 cc 61 c JAP of 65 bhp (48 kW), 10 bhp (7.5 kW) more than the 1750 cc (107 in3) Alfa Romeos of its competition,[3] transversely mounted and coupled to a five-speed gearbox,[3] but unusually, driving the front wheels.[3] Weighing only 672 lb (305 kg),[3] it proved capable of 180 km/h (110 mph).[citation needed] This was enough to win several Italian hillclimbs,[3] including by Giulio Aymini in 1932.

Beginning in 1948, Nardi joined with and Renato Danese and established a workshop in Via Vincenzo Lancia, Torino, building racing cars, prototypes, and small-series special designs.

The 750 Nardi-Danese[edit]

The 750 Nardi-Danese (or 750ND) was a tiny machine, assembled on a Fiat 500 chassis, powered by a 50 bhp (37 kW) 746 cc BMW flat twin motorcycle engine in the extreme nose with its cylinder heads (sometimes) exposed and a single headlight in the extreme nose.[4] Despite the engine mounting, view over the nose was adequate, and unlike the Chicibio, the rear wheels were driven.[5] It used a multi-tube chassis and was available as a monoposto (one-seater, or GP type) or due posti (two-seater, sports racer, when fitted with cycle fenders).[6]

Its competition, mostly superannuated MG Midgets[6] were no match for it,[6] though it faced more competition from Bandinis. The miniature marvel[6] dominated circuit, hillclimb, and open road events. Nardi himself raced the monoposto in the Coppa d'Oro delle Dolomiti 'climb, winning in both 1947 and 1948. There were also three entered in the 1952 Targa Florio; all failed to finish. The 750ND remained competitive well into 1953, against the growing power of Ferrari and Maserati; at the Susa-Moncenisio 'climb, a 750ND was eighth, only 2% slower than the Ferrari of André Simon.[5] It also made reputations for a couple of drivers, in particular later Lancia pilot Gino Valenzano.[5]

1500 Sport[edit]

For 1947, the Nardi-Danese 1500 Sport was built for Marco Crespi, coupling two 746 cc in series on an Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 chassis.[7]

Around the same time, he traced the original Ferrari straight-eight castings, made in Bologna, and fitted them with 508 heads and an assortment of internal parts, to create a 1½ liter and a 2 liter car.[5]

In 1948 and 1949, the company built Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 variations in two series.

Establishes workshop[edit]

Nardi established his own workshop in the Via Lancia in 1951, focusing on prototypes and tuning equipment. Here, he designed or built several prototypes, including:

After the failure of the bisulruo, Ufficine Nardi ceased work on car prototypes in the mid-1950s and turned to aftermarket such as manifolds, crankshafts, camshafts. It has become best known for the Nardi steering wheel, introduced in 1951 in walnut, since but mostly using African mahogany. The Nardi wheel was first fitted to a 1952 Pegaso.[16]

Death[edit]

After Nardi's death in 1966, the ufficine was run by Barbero until 1969, then by Iseglio.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Setright, L. J. K., "Nardi: The Italian Miniaturist" in Ward, Ian, executive editor. The World of Automobiles (London: Orbis Publishing, 1974), Volume 13, p.1491.
  2. ^ Setright, p.1491. This car is preserved at the Turin Automobile Museum (p.1492 caption).
  3. ^ a b c d e Setright, p.1491.
  4. ^ Setright, p.1491 drawing & p.1492.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Setright, p.1492.
  6. ^ a b c d Setright, p.1492 caption.
  7. ^ Storiche: la primo di Enzo
  8. ^ Nardi-Lancia from forix.com
  9. ^ Setright, p.1492, says this car was never built.
  10. ^ The Nardi Blue Rays from lanciamotorclub.co.uk (last accessed April 18, 2007)
  11. ^ Nardi ( Derivata Lancia ) Raggio Azzurro I and II 1955 + 1958
  12. ^ pietro-frua on 1950 vehicles
  13. ^ italiaspeed.com
  14. ^ John Lamm, Thank heavens for little Lancia rocketships from Exotics Cars Quarterly (1991).
  15. ^ formulevee.org
  16. ^ The art of driving ... Nardi wheels from nardiwheels.com

Sources[edit]

  • Setright, L. J. K. "Nardi: The Italian Miniaturist" in Ward, Ian, executive editor. The World of Automobiles, Volume 13, p. 1491-2. London: Orbis Publishing, 1974.

Nardi-Personal Website