Narendra Nagar

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Narendranagar
नरेन्द्रनगर
City
Himalayan view from Ananda Spa, Narendranagar
Himalayan view from Ananda Spa, Narendranagar
Narendranagar is located in Uttarakhand
Narendranagar
Narendranagar
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Coordinates: 30°10′N 78°18′E / 30.17°N 78.30°E / 30.17; 78.30Coordinates: 30°10′N 78°18′E / 30.17°N 78.30°E / 30.17; 78.30
Country  India
State Uttarakhand
District Tehri Garhwal
Elevation 1,326 m (4,350 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 4,796
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Narendranagar is a city and a municipal board in Tehri Garhwal district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.[1]

Geography[edit]

Narendranagar is located at 30°10′N 78°18′E / 30.17°N 78.30°E / 30.17; 78.30.[2] It has an average elevation of 1,326 metres (4,350 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Narendranagar had a population of 4796. Males constitute 59% of the population and females 41%. Narendranagar has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 74%. In Narendranagar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History[edit]

The present town of Narendranagar came into existence in 1919,[4] when Maharaja Narendra Shah of Tehri Garhwal moved his capital from Tehri to a more picturesque locale. The small town of Odathali nestled in the Shivalik foothills was chosen not only for its extraordinary scenic beauty, but also for its proximity to the plains below. On a clear day one can get aerial view of Rishikesh, Haridwar and Ganga flowing from mountains to Plains of Haridwar.

Odathali is a place of historic and mythological significance. It has been known to be a seat of spirituality and meditation since ancient times. According to legend, the sage Uddhava is known to have performed severe penance at this spot. Also, Purasara, the founder of astrology, has been known to conduct various experiments on the movements of planets and stars. His observatory has now been converted into the local polytechnic.

Maharaja Narendra Shah was an enlightened ruler, as you can see in the well ordered civic buildings of the neat little royal township of Narendranagar. Some of the buildings like the hospital and the secretariat are still in use today. The bazaar buildings too are a century old.

Viceregal Palace, built by the Maharaja of Tehri Garhwal, ca 1910, now Ananda - In the Himalayas

In the early 1900s, Narendra Nagar became a popular destination with the British Viceroy's of the time. The Palace 'Annexe' was added to the original palace building in 1910 to house the Viceroy and his entourage who visited Narendra Nagar fairly often. Over the years, the regal corridors of the Palace has echoed with the footsteps of many distinguished guests - former Prime Ministers of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi and spiritual leaders like Anandmayi Ma and Swami Sivanand as well as the last British Viceroy of India, Lord Mountbatten of Burma.

The last Maharaja, Manabendra Shah took over the reins of Tehri Garhwal in 1946, from Maharaja Narendra Shah, who abdicated in the favour of his son.[4][5] The province was eventually merged with the state of Uttar Pradesh shortly after India gained independence.

'The Narendranagar Palace', is now home to 'Ananda - In the Himalayas', a destination spa, that looks down into the Doon Valley from its majestic height of 3000 feet. Crowning a picturesque ridge of the mighty Himalayan ranges, the palace is a symbol of the grandeur and splendour of an era gone by. Original relief work still adorns the palace walls and two magnificent World War I cannons flank the royal gateway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Narendranagar Tehri Garhwal district website.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Narendranagar
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ a b History Narendranagar official website.
  5. ^ History Rudraprayag Official district website.

External links[edit]