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Narjis (Greek: Νάρκισσος) was reportedly the wife of Imâm Al-Ḥasan the `Askarî, the mother of the twelfth Imâm of Twelver Shi'a Islam, and the grand-daughter of a Roman or Byzantine Caesar called Bardas.
There are many traditions regarding her ancestry, saying that she was Roman.
Her name has been recorded as Rayḥâna, Narjis, Sayqal, Hadith or Suwsan in Shî`î books. There are a couple of narrations regarding the origin of her mother. Her mother was reportedly a descendant of Imâm Simon-Peter the companion and Waṣî (`Arabic: وصي) (Executor-of-Will) of Jesus. See Mahdi#Mahdi in Twelver Shi'ism for more details.
Some Shia sources have stated that she was a Roman Princess who pretended to be a slave so that she might travel from her kingdom to Arabia, however, there now appears to be a general consensus among scholars that she was in fact a black African slave.
- Sachedina, Abdulaziz (1981). Islamic Messianism. Albany, NY, USA: State University of New York Press. pp. 72–74, 78. ISBN 0-87395-458-0.
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- Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali. "ISLAM IN IRAN vii. THE CONCEPT OF MAHDI IN TWELVER SHIʿISM". Encyclopedia iranica. Retrieved 2011-07-24.