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Narjis (Greek: Νάρκισσος) was reportedly the wife of Imâm Al-Ḥasan the `Askarî, the mother of the twelfth Imâm of Twelver Shi'a Islam, and the grand-daughter of a Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Caesar called Bardas.
There are many traditions regarding her ancestry, saying that she was Roman. (Though the city of Rome and the Western Roman Empire had fallen many centuries earlier, the Byzantine Greeks, who ruled the Eastern Roman Empire from Constantinople, continued to refer to themselves as Romans, and called their realm the Roman Empire.)
Her name has been recorded as Rayḥâna, Narjis, Sayqal, Hadith or Suwsan in Shî`î books. There are a couple of narrations regarding the origin of her mother. Her mother was reportedly a descendant of Imâm Simon-Peter the companion and Waṣî (`Arabic: وصي) (Executor-of-Will) of Jesus. See Mahdi#Mahdi in Twelver Shi'ism for more details.
- Sachedina, Abdulaziz (1981). Islamic Messianism. Albany, NY, USA: State University of New York Press. pp. 72–74, 78. ISBN 0-87395-458-0.
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- Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali. "ISLAM IN IRAN vii. THE CONCEPT OF MAHDI IN TWELVER SHIʿISM". Encyclopedia iranica. Retrieved 2011-07-24.