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Narjis (Greek: Νάρκισσος) was reportedly the wife of Imâm Al-Ḥasan the `Askarî, the mother of the twelfth Imâm of Twelver Shi'a Islam, and the grand-daughter of a Roman or Byzantine Caesar called Bardas.

There are many traditions regarding her ancestry, saying that she was Roman.[1]

Her name has been recorded as Rayḥâna, Narjis, Sayqal, Hadith or Suwsan in Shî`î books.[2] There are a couple of narrations regarding the origin of her mother. Her mother was reportedly a descendant of Imâm Simon-Peter the companion and Waṣî (`Arabic: وصي) (Executor-of-Will) of Jesus. See Mahdi#Mahdi in Twelver Shi'ism for more details.

Narration says that she was a Roman Princess who pretended to be a slave so that she might travel from her kingdom to Arabia.[3][4]

Less narrations state that she was a Nubian slave. However, these are recorded as being weak, are reportedly far less present than the others, and are maybe a mixed with narrations regarding the mother of the ninth Imâm Moḥammad the Jawâd.

The stronger theory is that she was the North Africa Roman princess of Numidia which was called, at that time, Caeserea Mauretanea, which is now named Cherchell in Algeria.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ <>
  2. ^ Sachedina, Abdulaziz (1981). Islamic Messianism. Albany, NY, USA: State University of New York Press. pp. 72–74, 78. ISBN 0-87395-458-0. 
  3. ^ The Expected Mahdi
  4. ^ Online Islamic Courses

External links[edit]