Narlıdere is a district of İzmir Province in Turkey. It is one of the nine districts in the Greater Metropolitan Area of İzmir, one of the smallest in terms both of population and area, and is fully (100.0%) urbanized. The district center has no depending township with own municipalities or villages. Narlıdere district area follows the southern coastline of the inner Gulf of İzmir. Narlıdere center is at a distance of 10 km (6 mi) to the west from the traditional center of İzmir (Konak), which it borders on the east. Narlıdere district area further neighbors the district areas of Menderes (Cumaovası) to the south and Güzelbahçe to the west, this last also being among İzmir's metropolitan districts, the westernmost. Narlıdere district's overall levels of education are among the highest in Turkey, the literacy rate reaching 93 per cent, while the calculations for average yearly income per inhabitant situate Narlıdere rather below the national average, at 2.393 US Dollars, for which its open approach to outside immigration may have played a role. The overall appearance of Narlıdere leaves the impression of a locality where people are generally educated and who subsist on mid- to low-level revenues without being destitute. Narlıdere was founded as a village by semi-nomadicTahtacı–AleviTurkmens in the 18th century, whose descendants still constitute the backbone of the population, preserving their particular popular culture and folklore, and maintaining their recently restored seminary, called Cemevi. The name the district has made as such contributes to its status as pole of attraction for various specific parts of the population in Turkey (its population is projected to have increased from 54.107 to 66.446 between 2000-2006). The economy is still largely based on agriculture (especially citrus fruit and flowers), although new housing projects putting Narlıdere's advantageous location to benefit and generally aimed at high-income residents started to be built in recent years, and there is a five-star hotel. As such, Narlıdere became in recent years one of İzmir's metropolitan districts where the economy grew the fastest.