Narnaul

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Narnaul
Gurgaon
Narnaul is located in Haryana
Narnaul
Coordinates: 28°.04′N 76°.11′E / 28.00067°N 76.00183°E / 28.00067; 76.00183Coordinates: 28°.04′N 76°.11′E / 28.00067°N 76.00183°E / 28.00067; 76.00183
Country India
State Haryana
District Mahendragarh
Elevation 298 m (978 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 62,091
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area code(s) 01282
Vehicle registration HR-35 & HR-66

Narnaul is a city, a municipal council and headquarters of Mahendragarh district in the Indian state of Haryana. It is one of the very few districts in India with the name of the district different from the name of the main town in the district. Rao Narendra Singh is the MLA from Narnaul and it is a Yadav dominated region.[1] The distance from Gurgaon and Narnaul is only 128 km and it takes only 2 hour 15 Minutes to reach by road.[2]

Geography[edit]

Narnaul is located at 28°02′N 76°07′E / 28.04°N 76.11°E / 28.04; 76.11.[3] It has an average elevation of 298 meters (977 feet). The district is rich in mineral resources such as iron ore, copper ore, beryl, tourmaline, Muschovite mica, Biotite mica, albie, calcite, and quartz. In winters the temperature can lower down to -3°Celsius.[4]

History[edit]

In the beginning, the town was controlled by Jogis. Till the conquest of Mohammedan, Rathor Rajputs ruled the town and the adjoining areas.

Narnaul was also closely associated with the Sur-Afghans. Sher Shah’s grandfather, Ibrahim Khan, came here first. He got the town of Narnaul and surrounding villages from the then administrator of Firoze-i-Hisar to meet the expenses of the forty horseman militia he provided. After his death Hasan Khan, father of Sher Shah Suri, the supplanter of Humayun, became the Jagirdar of Narnaul. After the Second Battle of Panipat, Akbar gifted this Jagir to Shah Quli Khan Mahram who arrested Hemu, the famous warrior general of Rewari.

At Akbar's time Narnaul had a mint (Taksal)[citation needed]. To effect reforms in the mint, Akbar visited Narnaul along with Raja Todar Mal and Khawaja Shah Mansur. The Jalali coin was issued by Akbar from Narnaul Birbal also used to visit this town. Birbal's Chatta stands to this day reminding the visits of Birbal, one of the nine jewels (Navaratnas) of the great Mughal, Akbar. During the time of Aurangzeb, the Satnami Sadhus revolted against the suppression caused by the Muslim Jagirdar. The revolt took the form of a serious communal riot. Satnamis, after killing the Muslim Faujdar, occupied the town. The imperial forces stationed here took to their heels. To quell this riot Aurangzeb himself had to come with a large contingent.[citation needed]

Some time later, the Nawab of Narnaul, Taherbeg, kidnapped a Hindu Satnami girl.[citation needed] The Satnamis then fought with Nawab Taherbeg and killed him.

"Satnamis Sat se lare, Lekar hath me Teg,
Narnaul ke gorve, mara diya Taherbeg."

With the disintegration of Mughal empire after the death of Aurangzeb Alamgir, 4 Thakur of Jaipur annexed Narnaul[citation needed] but soon he lost it to the French General, De-Boigne. Later Murtza Khan Bharaich got the Jagirdari of Narnaul. In his lineage Abdur Rahman, Nawab of Jhajjar raised a banner of revolt against the British in 1857. After the Battle of Narnaul during the First War of Indian Independence in 1857, he along with some co-patriots were hanged.

Pran Sukh Yadav and the battle of Narnaul[edit]

In 1857 Pran Sukh Yadav along with Rao Tula Ram of Rewari fought with the British at Nasibpur village, a village near Narnaul. The battle was one of the most ferocious battles of the First War of Indian Independence.[citation needed] Later Pran Sukh Yadav settled at the village of Nihalpura and rehabilitated the kin of dead soldiers.[citation needed]

Narnaul was thereafter gifted to the ruler of Patiala, Narender Singh, for rendering loyal services to the Britishers.

Narnaul according to Latif's Safarnama was a blessed place from which the world (aalme), i.e. the whole country benefited. It was an unparalleled place on earth, (chashm afrida chuneen gai na deeda). It was the cleanest place and its cleanliness was preserved with jealousy by keeping exceptional care and watch thereabout. Latif compares the city with heaven itself. Latif, a noted scholar stayed here during l7th century for three days and nights and felt extremely happy on having a chance to do so. Quli Khan built a beautiful garden also near the palace. Latif compares this garden with Bagh-e-Aram (garden of paradise).

Narnaul is replete with historical monuments like Ibrahim Khan Suri's tomb, tomb of Shah Wilayat, Sarai Mukand Das, Pobianwali mosque,Takhat Wati Baoli, Shah Quli Khans tomb, Hargopal tatab, Shah Quli Khan's Jal Mahal,and Chhatta Rai Mukand or Chhatta Birbal and some temples.

The main town of the district of Mahendragarh, Narnaul dates back to the Mahabharata era as Nar Rashtra according to legend. Another legend puts it to be about 900 years old where lions roamed free in the jungles surrounding the town. These lions gave the town the name Naharnaul (Fear of Lions). According to yet another legend, Raja Launkaran named it Narlaun after his wife.

Dhosi is a hill regarded as being holy by the inhabitants of the village of Kultajpur 8 km away from Narnaul. The famous "Chavanprash" was invented on this hill by Rishi (Sage) Chavan in ancient times.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Narnaul had a population of 62,091. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Narnaul has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 58%. In Narnaul, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport[edit]

Road: Narnaul is connected by road to Delhi, Gurgaon, Rohtak, Rewari, Mahendragarh and other towns in Haryana and nearby towns Jhunjhunu, Behror, Jaipur etc. of Rajasthan. Buses depart from the main bus interchange junction in Narnaul to these and other towns of Haryana & Rajasthan.

Railway: Narnaul is located on the Delhi-Ringas-Abu Road-Ahmedabad-Mumbai railway track. Only seven trains run on this section. The track will become a part of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor by 2015.

Airport: Delhi is the nearest international & Domestic airport 130 km away, the second nearest international & Domestic airport is Jaipur which is 160 km away. There is an airstrip located at Bhilwara village 10 km from Narnaul used as a flying club.

Distances to cities: Mahendragarh 25 km, Rewari 54 km, Behror 25 km, Bhiwani 85 km, Alwar 80 km, Jhunjhunu 90 km, Gurgaon 110 km, Delhi 140 km, Jaipur 160 km, Hisar 155 km, Chandigarh 375 km.

Distances to villages: Bhilwara 11 km, SHAHPUR 1st (Maandi) in 8 km, dhani bathaot 11 km, bhojawas 14 km, akabrpur 16 km, shirohi bhali 18 km, nangal chudhary 22 km. Distances to villages: Amarpur Jorasi in 8 km, Basirpur 10 km, Karoli 11 km, Talot 13 km, Chilro 14 km, Nizampur 15 km,GOAD 15 KM. The population 2011 of Narnaul is approx 85,000.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Major tourist attractions in this town include:

  • Jal Mahal - The Jal Mahal is a building which is surrounded on all sides by water. It was built by Shah Quli Khan, an officer of Akbar and the ruler of Narnaul, in 1591. It represents a synthesis of Persian and Indian architecture and stands at the center of a large water tank, which is now dry. The approach through the water tank was via a causeway from the north, which opens through an arched entrance. The main building is surrounded by four minarets which have stairways leading right to the top. However, the lower chambers have by now disintegrated and no trace of them can be found.
  • Dhosi Hill- Dhosi Hill is an important site located 5 Kilo Metres from Narnaul. Apart from being an extinct volcano and the Ashram of revered Vedic period Chayvan Rishi, for whome the herbal preparation of 'Chayvanprash' was prepared on the hill, it has a beautiful water reservoir on the hill crater. The hill has mentions in several holy Sanskrit books.
  • Tomb of Pir Turkman - A tomb-cum-mosque complex, it belongs to a Muslim saint called Hazarat Turkman who settled in Narnaul during the 12th century, much to the dislike of local Rathore chiefs. The original tomb is capped by a dome, but the pillared veranda was built by the British much later. Additions to the tomb were common even during the Mughal period.
  • Tomb of Ibrahim Khan Sur - This tomb is a tribute by Sher Shah Suri,the ruler of Bengal and later India, for his grandfather Ibrahim. The Sur who lies here served as the administrative officer of Narnaul, and the monument was created by Sher Shah’s personal architect, Sheikh Ahmad Niyazi. The tomb is a perfect example of the Pashtun style of those times.
  • Chor Gumbad - The Chor Gumbad is affectionately called the `signboard’ of the town. It is built separately from the other buildings in the town, standing upon a large rock located in the north of the town. The Gumbad is a well planned square building with a large chamber within and four minarets outside at each corner. Constructed by the Afghan Jamal Khan (as his tomb) during the reign of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, it became a hideout for robbers and thieves, thus earning its name (Chor means thief). The Chor Gumbad was recently repaired to ensure the structural stability of the buildings.
  • Tripolia gateway - Constructed by Shah Quili Khan in 1589 as the main entrance to a garden, the gate has three sides. The Khan’s octagonal tomb (built in red and grey sandstone) and Islam Quili Khan’s tomb lie within the garden complex, named Aram-i-Kausa by Quili Khan. The gate itself is built from broken down masonry.
  • Chatta Rai Bal Mukund Das - The 'Chatta Rai Bal Mukund Das' is a large palace built by Rai Bal Mukund Das, the Diwan (Prime Minister) of Narnaul during Emperor Shah Jahan’s reign. This five-storey building has several halls, rooms and pavilions, and the Diwan-e-Khas (inner chambers) flaunts marble floors and pillars. Fountains and springs were made to keep the building and the surrounding area cool in summer, with the water being sucked in from a well in the southwest. The Persian wheel was used to lift water into reservoirs at various levels from this well so that water could flow down at great speed. However, these fountains are no longer working anymore. The underground chambers (now eaten away) are believed to have had three layers where light streamed in throughout the day and had tunnels which lead directly to Delhi, Jaipur and Mahendragarh. Only a basement remains today.
  • Mirza Ali Jan’s Baoli - This water well or Baoli (a sort of pond) was built by Mirza Ali Jan and can be found towards the northwest of Narnaul. The Mirza was the Nawab of Narnaul while Akbar ruled. The Baoli is surrounded by a mass of water called Chhotta Bara Talaab (small and big ponds), and the main structure of the building is shaped like a huge arched gateway carrying a Takht (Throne) with a Chhatri (Umbrella) on top. The decorated Chhatri is supported by eight pillars, with steps leading from the pillars right down to a well.
  • Chamunda Devi Mandir - It is believed that Raja Naun Karan, the ruler of the area was a devout devotee of the Goddess Chamunda. He constructed a temple of the Devi at the bottom of a hill. This temple is located in the heart of the city. After the fall of the regime of Raja Naun Karan, this area came under the control of the Mughals. They built a mosque named Jama Masjid, the biggest Masjid(Mosque) at Narnaul on the temple of Chamunda Devi. After its independence, the people of this town started digging and found the temple in a dilapidated condition. This temple is now one of the most important temples in the area, and is often visited by the people of the town. A big fair is held on the occasion of Ramnavmi (The day on which Lord Rama was born) at this temple. This temple is famous among devotees for fulfilling their wishes, with the people of Narnaul saying that the wishes made here are always fulfilled.
  • Modawala Mandir - The temple of Lord Shiva is situated at Narnaul-Rewari road near the New Bus Stand. This is the only temple of this area where every member of a Hindu family comes for the worship of Lord Shiva and other Hindu deities. A big fair is held here on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan. A legend of this temple is that there was a Khet (Field) and a man who was ploughing the land saw the Shiva Linga during ploughing. While he was asleep, he heard a voice telling him that he was the Lord Shiva and a temple was to be constructed here for the benefit of the people. Thus, the temple was built and is now a place of worship. It is the firm belief of the people of the area that every desire is fulfilled by Lord Shiva provided that he is worshipped and named by heart.
  • Khalda Wale Hanumanji - The temple of Lord Hanuman, which is situated at Narnaul-Singhana road, is surrounded by mountains and greenery. The statue of lord Hanuman is situated on top of the hill, and the calmness around temple is the real beauty of Aravalis. This place is near to the Dhosi hills.
  • Janki Sarovar also known as Bada Talab - Janki Sarovar is situated at Narnaul near Mishrwara Mohalla. It is an old and famous temple dedicated to the Lord Shiva.
  • Gurukul khanpur : on narnaul - nangal chaudhari road there is a village khanpur . In this village there is a gurukul named as Aarsh gurukul. This gurukul is run under the supervision of Acharya Praduman ji maharaj who is a famous guru of sanskrit and vedik tradition . Famous yog guru Swami Ramdev completed his initial education in this gurukul under the guidance of Acharya Praduman ji maharaj. nowadays this gurukul is run by Acharya Abhay Dev ji because Acharya Praduman ji is teaching most of the time in Patanjali yog peath haridwar.
  • Durga Mandir : 5 km from narnaul there is a village name as Niwaj Nagar.Here is a temple of Ma Durga which is built in a Masjid look.This village is situated on Narnaul-Mohindergrah road.
  • Gurudwara Dashmesh Nagar : near Pull Bazar. Gurudwara Sahib is situated at Dashmesh Nagar.It is an old Gurudwara Sahib, rebuilt in 1982.People come here from all around the state. Sarai is also available for people. Langar is served on Gurupurab's and on every Sangrand.
  • Mahatma Ram Karan Dass ji mandir(Dadu Wali) is situated at Narnaul(near mohalla pirAga stadium road)

Education[edit]

Narnaul has schools, undergraduate colleges and postgraduate colleges. It has a Kendriya Vidyalaya (Central School), Village - Khalda, Narnaul.

Haryana government has proposed to construct an Ayurvedic Medical College in Narnaul. At present Classes of central university of Haryana are being held at Government B.Ed. College, university is being constructed at village-Pali, Mahendergarh.

Colleges
  • Govt. P.G. College, Railway Station Road
  • Govt. Girls College, Behrod Road(Turn/Mor)
  • B.K.N. Polytechnic College, Purani Mandi
  • B.S College of Education, Kultajpur Road
Schools
  • Happy Harmony Public School & Sports Acadmey, Kutbapur, Narnaul
  • Eureka Public Sr. Sec. School,Narnaul.
  • Govt. Girls Sen. Sec. School, Narnaul
  • Govt. Sen. Sec. School, Narnaul.
  • Saini Sen. Sec. School, rewari road
  • MLS DAV Sen. Sec School Kultajpur road Narnaul
  • A.S.D. Sen. Sec. School, Pull Bazar, Narnaul.
  • Saraswati Sen. Sec School, Near Paani Ki Tanki, Pull Bazar, Narnaul
  • M.A.S.D. Public School, Nizampur Road, Narnaul
  • S.V.N. Sen. Sec. School, Neerpur, Narnaul
  • Yadhuvansi Sen. Sec. School, Rewari Road, Narnaul
  • Haryana Public School, Nizampur Road, Narnaul.
  • Bharti Public Sr. Sec. School, Kultajpur Road.
  • Mata Mariam Jan Seva Vidyalaya,Nasibpur,Narnaul
  • Saraswati Sen. Sec. School,Nasibpur
  • C.L.Public School, HUDA
  • Mata Maraim Jan Seva Vidyalaya,Nasibpur
  • Govt.High School,Kunjpura
Hospitals
  • Poddar Eye Hospital
  • Govt. Hospital
  • Singla Hospital
  • Aggarwal Homoeopathic & Acupuncture Hospital
  • Pooja Hospital
  • Getwell Hospital
  • Ram Nursing Home
  • Agrwal Nursing Home
  • Shanti Hospital And Research Centre
  • Makkar Hospital.
  • Bisnoi Nursing Home
  • DR.Shyam clinic typhoid,narnaul
  • Sanjeevni Dental Clinic
  • Sharma Dental Clinic
  • Chand Hospital for children
  • Hemant Hospital
  • Nav jeevan Hospital

Notable personalities[edit]

  • Rao Narendra Singh,Health Minister (Haryana)
  • Rao Bhadur Singh (MLA Nangal Choudhary)
  • Baba Ramdev
  • Smt. Shruti Choudhry (M.P. Bhiwani-Mahendergarh constituency)
  • Mr. Justice Satish Kumar Mittal (Judge of Punjab & Haryana High Court)
  • Mr. Justice Naresh Kumar Sanghi (Judge of Punjab & Haryana High Court)
  • Satish Kaushik (Actor,Director,Producer)
  • Saini Kanti Lal ji(President of Vishav Hindu Parisad Haryana pardesh)
  • Praveen Yadav ( Yuva Social Worker & Blood Donar Vill. Barkoda M.No. 9671619950 )

References[edit]

External links[edit]