Trieste National Hall
The Trieste National Hall (Slovene: Narodni dom) or Balkan Hotel (Hotel Balkan) in Trieste, Italy, was a multimodal building that hosted the centre of the Slovene minority in the city, which included the Slovene theatre in Trieste, and a hotel. Such national halls were typical of the Slovene Lands at the turn of the 19th and the 20th centuries. The Trieste National Hall is notable for having been burnt in 1920 by Italian Fascists, which made it a symbol of the Italian repression of Slovene minority in Italy (1920-1947).
It was built by the plans of the Triestine architect Max Fabiani from 1902 as a Mediterranean palace from massive brick and completed in 1904. It had a monumental façade and was very modernly equipped with an electric generator and central heating.
On 13 July 1920, under a pretense of a retaliation for the insurgency in Split, the building was burnt by the Fascist Blackshirts, led by Francesco Giunta. The act was praised by Benito Mussolini, who was at the time yet to become a duce, as a "masterpiece of the Triestine fascism" (Italian: capolavoro del fascismo triestino...). It was part of a wider pogrom against the Slovenes and other Slavs in the very centre of Trieste and the harbinger of the ensuing violence against the Slovenes and Croats in the Julian March.
It was restored from 1988 until 1990.
- Sestani, Armando, ed. (10 February 2012). "Il confine orientale: una terra, molti esodi" [The Eastern Border: One Land, Multiple Exoduses]. I profugi istriani, dalmati e fiumani a Lucca [The Istrian, Dalmatian and Rijeka Refugees in Lucca] (in Italian). Instituto storico della Resistenca e dell'Età Contemporanea in Provincia di Lucca. pp. 12–13.
- Rožič, Janko (2010) (in Slovene). 46. seminar slovenskega jezika, literature in kulture: Slovanstvo v slovenskem jeziku, literaturi in kulturi [The 46th Seminar of the Slovene Language, Literature, and Culture: Slavism in the Slovene Language, Literature, and Culture]. p. 135. ISBN 978-961-237-363-4. http://www.centerslo.net/files/file/ssjlk/46%20SSJLK/Rozic.pdf.
- Pahor, Milan (2010). "90 let od požiga Narodnega doma v Trstu" [90 Years From the Arson of the National Hall in Trieste]. Primorski dnevnik [The Littoral Daily] (in Slovene). pp. 14–15. COBISS 11683661. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
- "Maks Fabiani: arhitekt Anaksimandrove zakonitosti večnega porajanja in uničevanja" [Max Fabiani: The Architect of the Anaximander's Law of Eternal Rising and Destruction]. MMC RTV Slovenia (in Slovene).
- "90 let od požiga Narodnega doma v Trstu" [90 Years From the Arson of the National Hall in Trieste]. Primorski dnevnik [The Littoral Daily] (in Slovene). 2010. pp. 14–15 Extra
|at=(help). COBISS 11683661. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
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