Narragansett Park

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Narragansett Park
Narragansett Park circa 1950's.jpg
Narragansett Park "Post Card" photo circa 1950s.
Location Pawtucket, Rhode Island
Coordinates 41°51′40″N 71°20′45″W / 41.86111°N 71.34583°W / 41.86111; -71.34583
Date opened August 1, 1934
Date closed September 4, 1978
Race type Horse racing
Course type Flat
Notable races Narragansett Special;
Providence Stakes;
Rhode Island Handicap

Narragansett Park was an American race track for Thoroughbred horse racing in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.

Beginnings[edit]

On May 18, 1934, Rhode Island voters approved a measure legalizing parimutuel betting by an almost 3 to 1 margin.[1] The following day, the Narragansett Racing Association announced plans for a $1 million race track and steeplechase course on the site of the former What Cheer Airport and filed articles of incorporation with the Secretary of State of Rhode Island.[2] The Association chose to name their track after Narragansett Park, a former trotting park in Cranston, Rhode Island.[3] On June 6, 1934, the Narragansett Racing Association was awarded the state's first horse racing permit.[4] Construction was completed in less than two months at a cost of $1.2 million.[5] The track consisted of a one mile racing oval, a 14,000 seat grandstand, 270 betting and paying booths, a clubhouse, and 22 barns with stalls that could hold more than 1,000 horses.[6][7][3] The City of Pawtucket constructed a new four-lane highway leading to the entrance of the track and a double track railway was built near the stands.[8]

Narragansett Park opened on August 1, 1934, with 37,281 people in attendance, including Jack Dempsey, Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt II, and Jesse H. Metcalf. Chinese Empress, a 40 to 1 longshot, won the $5,000 Narragansett Special.[9] On Labor Day 1934 the track drew 53,922 patrons, the most for any sporting event in the history of Rhode Island.[5]

During its early years, Narragansett Park was one of the most financially successful tracks in the country. From the time it opened to September 30, 1936 it posted a net profit of $2,017,381.54. In 1934 Rhode Island received over $800,000 in revenue from the track, which was more than 10% of the state's entire budget. Narragansett also became known as somewhat of a “High Society” due to its proximity to Newport, Rhode Island – the summer resort of many wealthy owners from New York City.[5] The track was frequented by celebrities, including Cab Calloway, Jimmy Durante, Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Mickey Rooney, and Milton Berle.[10] For decades, the track received patrons from Boston via the New Haven Railroad. During the racing season, daily trains, known as "'Gansett Specials" ran from Boston's South Station to the station tracks at Naragansett Park. The trains left Boston around noon to arrive in time for the first race and returned following the last race.[11]

Narragansett Park was part of many horse racing innovations. The track was one of the first in the country to install a photo finish camera and a starting gate. It was also one of the first to institute a $1,000 minimum purse.[5]

On June 22, 1935, Seabiscuit broke his maiden at Narragansett and equaled the five-furlong track record. Four days later in the Watch Hill Claiming Stakes he once again broke the track record, this time by a full second.[12] In 1937, Seabiscuit finished third in the Narragansett Special. The loss ended a streak of seven consecutive stakes wins for Seabiscuit, one shy of Discovery's record.[13]

The Race Track War[edit]

In the summer of 1937, track president Walter E. O'Hara got into an altercation with the state racing steward. The state Horse Racing Division ordered that O'Hara be removed as a track official of the race track for intimidating and interfering with the steward. The Horse Racing Division also ordered an audit of the Narragansett Racing Association's books, which resulted in six new charges against the track to revoke its license for the fall racing season. O'Hara responded to the charges in his newspaper, the Providence Star-Tribune, in an article which he implied that Governor Robert E. Quinn was or would end up in Butler Hospital, a psychiatric hospital that specialized in the treatment of substance abuse.[5][14] On September 15, 1937, the Rhode Island Supreme Court unanimously decided to quash the division's order to remove O'Hara. However, Quinn filed two charges with the division seeking O'Hara's removal as a track official and the revocation of the Narragansett Racing Association's license for O'Hara's attacks in the newspaper. The division sided with the Governor and ordered O'Hara's removal and indefinitely suspended the track's license at the end of the summer races. The summer racing season ended on September 30, 1937, however, the track did not remove O'Hara. The Supreme Court quashed the division's order to remove O'Hara and suspend the track's license. However, Quinn refused to permit racing at the track. On October 17, Quinn declared that Narragansett Park was "in a state of insurrection," and ordered the National Guard to enforce martial law. O'Hara, who was in Maryland on business, flew back to the track and was escorted by guardsmen to his penthouse on the track's roof, where he entertained journalists and politicians and played March of the Wooden Soldiers over the public address system for the guardsmen.[5][14]

On February 9, 1938, sheriff's deputies battered down the Narragansett Racing Association' doors and seized records on order of the Superior Court. O'Hara then resigned as the association's president and managing director.[15] He was succeeded by track secretary James Dooley.[5]

Reopening[edit]

The track reopened in 1938 and attracted the same huge crowds it drew before the "war".[5]

On September 19, 1942, the track hosted a match race between Triple Crown winner and Whirlaway and 1942 Preakness Stakes winner Alsab. The race was organized after members of the media accused track president James Dooley of concealing the fact that Alsab would not run against Whirlaway in the September 12 Narragansett Special until after a large crowd had come to the track.[5] The race was attended by 35,000 people and all three major radio networks provided live coverage.[16][17] Whirlaway entered the $25,000 match race a 3 to 10 favorite, while Alsab went off at 8 to 5.[17]

Alsab jumped out to an early lead, holding as much as a two and a half length lead at one point. Whirlaway twice tried to move ahead of Alsab (once as they neared the far turn and once as the two horses entered the backstretch). However, both times jockey Carroll Bierman let Alsab stay ahead. Halfway through the stretch turn, jockey George Woolf turned Whirlway loose. Whirlway's late charge resulted in a photo finish, however Alsab won the race by less than a nose.[17][18] The race is considered to be one of the greatest races in the history of New England.[5]

Later years[edit]

The track began a slow decline in the 1950s.[3] On October 9, 1960, two of the track's barns burned down. Ten horses were killed and the damages were estimated to be between $350,000 and $500,000. Many horses fled the barns and ran into neighboring yards and streets.[5][19] By the 1970s the track had fallen upon hard times. Due to reduced public interest in thoroughbred racing, competition for racing dates with other New England tracks, and competition from greyhound racing and state lotteries for gambling dollars, attendance dropped and handles decreased rapidly. This led to an inability to attract high-quality horses.[5][6] The physical condition of the track deteriorated as well.[6] On March 23, 1976, 36 horses died when a fire spread from the hay barn to two adjacent stables.[3] On Labor Day 1978, the final day of the racing season, the track drew only 2,882 patrons.[5]

Closure[edit]

On June 29, 1979, the stockholders of Narragansett Park voted to sell the track to the City of Pawtucket for $5.6 million.[20] The city used a grant from the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development to buy and improve the land, which they sold to developers below market value to stimulate employment and business investment.[21]

On May 30, 1981, the clubhouse was destroyed by a suspicious fire.[22] The only remaining part of the track is part of the grandstand wall, which was the location of the Narragansett Flea Market and later a Building 19 store.[5][23]

Record holders[edit]

Distance
Winner
Age
Weight
Date
Record
4F Wicked Time 2 106 5/6/37 :47 2/5
4.5F Jackie D. 2 109 5/7/36 :52 2/5
5F* Martha Belle 4 113 6/9/73 :58 2/5
5F* Always Sure 5 117 2/5/68 :58 2/5
5.5F Kewey Dee 3 118 5/23/45 1:04 2/5
6F Blue Wayne 3 114 12/4/54 1:09 1/5
1 Mile* Lady Reigh 3 103 10/9/34 1:37
1 Mile* Advising Anna 5 105 8/12/35 1:37
1 M 70 yds Tim B. Quiet 4 113 12/2/71 1:40 1/5
1 1/16 M Isle of Bond 4 119 12/4/54 1:42 1/5
1 1/8 M Valdina Orphan 3 115 9/26/42 1:49 1/5
1 3/16 M Lucky Draw 5 123 9/14/46 1:54 3/5 {WR}
1 1/4 M Chief Sourner 3 102 1/2 11/1/35 2:06 3/5
1 1/2 M Uncle Dan 7 115 12/4/54 2:31 1/5
1 5/8 M Satin Cap 5 116 9/22/42 2:46 1/5
1 M 5.5 F Avenue O. 3 113 11/18/61 2:58 3/5
1 3/4 M Yukon 6 108 9/26/45 2:58 2/5
2 Mile Joe Sam 6 103 9/10/37 3:27 2/5
2 M 70 yds Momo Flag 4 118 9/20/44 3:31 2/5
2 1/16 M Momo Flag 4 120 9/27/44 3:33 4/5 {WR}
2 1/8 M Panalong 7 111 11/18/39 3:46 1/5
2 3/16 M Santiago 5 112 9/27/41 3:51 1/5
2 1/2 M Enimrac 7 108 10/5/40 4:27 2/5

[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "R. I. Approves Pari-Mutuels". The Boston Daily Globe. May 19, 1934. 
  2. ^ "Million-Dollar Track Planned For Pawtucket". The Boston Daily Globe. May 20, 1934. 
  3. ^ a b c d Geake, Robert A. (2013). Historic Rhode Island Farms. The History Press. p. 56. 
  4. ^ "First Horse Racing Permit Issued in Rhode Island". The Boston Daily Globe. June 6, 1934. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Temple, Robert (2009). The Pilgrims Would Be Shocked: The History of Thoroughbred Racing in New England. Robert Temple. pp. 21–23. 
  6. ^ a b c Conley, Patrick T. (1986). An Album of Rhode Island History, 1636-1986. Donning Company Publishers. 
  7. ^ "Pawtucket Racing Starts Wednesday". The New York Times. July 29, 1934. 
  8. ^ "Ready For Race Meeting.". The New York Times. July 29, 1934. 
  9. ^ Duckworth, Ed (June 17, 1990). "Teletheater enters the picture as N.E. horse racing fades". Providence Journal. 
  10. ^ Kenyon, Paul (January 13, 2007). "Hoofbeats still echo - Memories of Narragansett Park kept live". The Providence Journal. 
  11. ^ Lynch, Peter E. (2005). New Haven Passenger Trains. MBI Publishing Company. pp. 132–133. 
  12. ^ McEvoy, John (2003). The Seabiscuit Story. Eclipse Press. 
  13. ^ Moody, Ralph (1963). Come on Seabiscuit!. Houghton Mifflin Co. pp. 98–101. 
  14. ^ a b Sundlun, Bruce (February 16, 1998). "Rhode Island's 'War of the Wild Irish Roses' concludes". The Providence Journal. 
  15. ^ Achorn, Edward (December 7, 1999). "Where times are often interesting". The Providence Journal. 
  16. ^ Bassett, James E. "Ted"; Mooney, Bill (2009). Keeneland's Ted Bassett: My Life. The University of Kentucky Press. p. 358. 
  17. ^ a b c "Beats Whirlaway". The New York Times. September 20, 1942. 
  18. ^ Hudson, Jr., David L. (2011). Horse Racing's Most Wanted™. Potomac Books, Inc. 
  19. ^ Feinberg, Mark (October 10, 1960). "10 Horses Killed In 'Gansett Fire, Many Run Wild". The Boston Globe. 
  20. ^ "'Gansett sold for $5.6M". The Boston Globe. June 30, 1979. 
  21. ^ House III, Roger R. (March 21, 1985). "Narragansett Park drew investment of $40 million in business and housing". The Providence Journal. 
  22. ^ "Fire Destroys Clubhouse At Defunct Race Track". The New York Times. May 31, 1981. 
  23. ^ Belle, Karima A. (March 30, 1987). "Bargain-hunters sorry to see flea market go". The Providence Journal. 
  24. ^ American Racing Manual - 1979