Narasapuram, West Godavari

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This article is about a town in West Godavari district. For other uses, see Narsapur.
Narasapuram
నరసాపురం
Town
Sunrise at Valandhar revu near Narsapur
Sunrise at Valandhar revu near Narsapur
Narasapuram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Narasapuram
Narasapuram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°26′N 81°41′E / 16.433°N 81.683°E / 16.433; 81.683Coordinates: 16°26′N 81°41′E / 16.433°N 81.683°E / 16.433; 81.683
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District West Godavari
Talukas Narasapuram
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 534275
Telephone code +91-8814
Vehicle registration AP-37

Narasapuram is a town in West Godavari District of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[2] It is a municipality which also serves as the mandal heaquarters for Narasapuram mandal and divisional headquarters of Narasapuram revenue division.[3][4] It is the one of the major towns on the banks of the Vasista Godavari River.[5][6]

Etymology[edit]

It was also known as "Nrusimhapuri" and "Abhinava Bhootapuri". Which indicates Lord Lakshmi Narasimha, a Hindu God, famous temple Antarvedi is very near to this town and this town named after the Lord of Antarvedi that is Narasimha Swamy.Narasapur is the oldest town in the West Godavari District, it was recognized as township in 1901. First it s called as ‘Nrusimhapuram’, gradually it changed into ‘Narasimhapuram’, now it is called Narasapur. West Godavari District has three Revenue Division, Eluru, Kovvur, and Narasapur and similarly there are two parliamentary constituencies formed as Eluru and Narasapur in West Godavari District. Narasapur has an assembly constituency since 1905.

History[edit]

Narsapur in West Godavari District was for a long time not a homogeneous unit and it was under the rule of various dynasties at different periods of time like the district as well as Andhra Pradesh. The dynasties that held sway over the district were the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Salankayanas, Vishnukundins, Western Chalukyas of Badami, Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, Imperial Cholas, Velanati Cholas, Kakatiyas, Gajapatis of Orissa, Qutub Shahis, Mughals and Asaf Jahis.

The existence of Narsapur dates back to 1173 A.D. Dutch people landed in Narsapur in 1626. Narsapur used as a port by the Dutch and ships and boats were built here. The place is famour for settlements of the Dutch and the French and the British took them from the French in 1759. The inscriptions in the Madanagopala Swamy Temple testify to the existence of ships and boats were built here.It was noted for it's ship building activity and some of the Europeans also were customers at this place. Even, though big ships are not built, the craft is still kept up here by building small boats. In 16th century,Portuguese established their own factory which remained as a trading centre for few years.In 18th century,Narsapur became an important trading port.From this port,the forest producers like teak was exported to other regions.The ports at Kakinada and Narsapuram became famous for manufacturing ships.At present no port handling at Narsapur.

Madhavayapalem,which is celebrated as one of the earliest places where the English established a factory and was famous for its trade in cloth.The trade of town has steadily declined since the abolition of the company's factory in1827. .Before independence, British civilians make imports and exports from Narsapur. They build offices for work, the sites of the old buildings have been carried away by successive encroachments of the river,which makes a very considerable bend opposite the town.

In 1926 the headquarters of the district was shifted from Machilipatnam to Eluru. The new district comprised the Niddadavole, Tadepalligudem, Narsapur, Eluru revenue divisions and in 1961 it consisted of eight taluks grouped under the three revenue divisions such as Eluru, Kovvur and Narspaur revenue divisions.

Geography[edit]

Narasapur is located in West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh in South India, and it can be identified between the North latitude of 16.27° and East longitudes of 81°.44°. The Narasapur is bounded on the North by Palakollu Constituency, on the South by Bay of Bengal and River Godavari, on the East by the River Godavari and on the west by Mogaltur Mandalam.It is a densely populated area in West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh.It is about six mils from the sea. The town is picturesquely situated on the right bank of the Vasista Godavari about 9.6 kilometers from the Bay of Bengal. Narasapur is West Delta area of river Godavari; it is a plain fertile land, which is on the banks of River Godavari. The River Godavari falls into Bay of Bengal near Antervedi, which is 9.6 kms from Narasapur. An oppressive summer season and good seasonal rainfall characterizes the climate and the air is humid through out the year. The Narsapur is one of the big market centres of Paddy, Rice, Prawn and Crochet Laces.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[7] Narsapur had a population of 58, 770. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Narasapuram has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 71%. In Narsapur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Administration and politics[edit]

Template:Unreferenced/section Civic administration

Narasapuram municipality was formed as a third grade municipality in the year 26 September 1956. Now it is Grade-I municipality. It has an area of about 11.32 km2. About 45.06 km roads were constructed in the entire Narasapuram town. Out of which, 23.197 km cement roads were laid. All the important roads are electrified in Narsapur town. In Narsapur town, there is 11 lakh gallons of drinking water consumption everyday. About 350 taps were constructed for the public availability. About 272 have been working in Narsapur municipality.

Economy[edit]

Narasapuram is famous for crochet lace products. The cluster has around 50 exporters who export to major world markets in USA, Europe and Japan. The cluster has around 2 lakh women artisans doing the lace work. The cluster is located in and around Narsapur. The cluster specialises in lace work and products like doilies, furnishings, garments and tablemats, The foreign exchange generated by this sector is not less than 40 crores (US$9 Million) per annum,The Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts (EPCH) said it would set up an infrastructure project at Narsapur in Andhra Pradesh, to be known as International Lace Trade Centre (ILTC) to facilitate development and marketing of lace products.

Pan Godavari Lace Facilities is established under aegis of Development Commissioner (Handicrafts), Ministry of Textiles Government of India under Comprehensive Handicrafts Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS).[8] The Ministry of Textiles has launched the Comprehensive Handicrafts Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS) to scale up the infrastructure and production chain of handicrafts clusters. The objective is to provide a fresh impetus to these long traditional heritage and cultural crafts.

Godavari Delta Women Lace Artisans society[9] is situated in Narasapuram, famous for lace making for more than 100 years. Most of the rural and semi urban women who belong to the poor communities make their livelihood by this profession.

Narsapuram is well known for Traditional Jewllery market.There are many famous marts as Jain Jewellers,Jeevaji Gold,Rajendra Jewellers and many more marts.

Culture and tourism[edit]

Godavari Pushkaram is celebrated every 12 years in Narasapuram. Many people from the town and nearby villages plus people all the way from abroad and including foreigners take a holy dip in the Vasista River (also called the Vasista Godavari) during Godavari Pushkarams. Perupalem Beach, situated at 20 kilometers from Narasapur town.

Transport[edit]

Rail Narsapur is the Terminal(end) station in west godavari district. The town is well connected to Hyderabad (Narsapur Express,introduced in the year 1979). It is the terminal station in the Vijayawada  – Bhimavaram  – Narsapuram sections of Vijayawada railway division. The depot at Narsapuram undertakes primary maintenance and repairs of 08 express and 09 passenger trains.[10]

Road APSRTC, the state owned public transport system operated its services to major cities and towns and even to smaller villages from Narsapur. There is a Bus depot at Narsapuram serving to nearby destinations. National Highway 214A starting at Narsapuram and terminating at NH 5 near Ongole which reduces the travel time on the coastal corridor between Kolkata  – Chennai route.

Sea Narasapur Port (proposed to be developed as minor Port), Fishing harbour and ONGC Jetty.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Mandal wise villages" (PDF). Revenue Department - AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 9. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Nagaraja, G (10 October 2012). "Narsapur civic body set to get a voice". Narsapur. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 460, 470. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Nagaraja, G (10 October 2012). "Narsapur civic body set to get a voice". The Hindu (Narsapur). Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Edgar Thurston (2011). The Madras Presidency with Mysore, Coorg and the Associated States (reissue ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 25. ISBN 9781107600683. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: According to 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns , (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  8. ^ "Pan Godavari Crochet Lace Manufacturers Exporters in Narsapur Hyderabad India". Pangodavari.com. Retrieved 2013-12-29. 
  9. ^ "Godavari Delta Women Lace Artisans Co-operative Cottage Industries Ltd., Narasapur". Gdwlace.com. Retrieved 2013-12-29. 
  10. ^ "South Central Railway". Scr.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved 2013-12-29. 

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