Narasapuram, West Godavari

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This article is about a town in West Godavari district. For other uses, see Narsapur.
Narasapuram
నరసాపురం
Nrusimhapuri
Town
Sunrise at Valandhar revu near Narsapur
Sunrise at Valandhar revu near Narsapur
Nickname(s): AbinavaBhotapuri,Narsapur
Narasapuram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Narasapuram
Narasapuram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°26′N 81°41′E / 16.433°N 81.683°E / 16.433; 81.683Coordinates: 16°26′N 81°41′E / 16.433°N 81.683°E / 16.433; 81.683
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District West Godavari
Talukas Narasapuram
Government
 • Type Municipal council
 • Body Municipality
Elevation[1] 2 m (7 ft)
Population [2]
 • Total 58,770
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 534275
Telephone code +91-8814
Vehicle registration AP-37

Narasapuram is a town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[3] It is a municipality, mandal headquarters of Narasapuram mandal and also the divisional headquarters of Narasapuram revenue division.[4] The town is situated on the banks of the Vasista Godavari River.[5][6]

Etymology[edit]

Narsapur was also known as "Nrusimhapuri". Which indicates Lord Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy,and this town named after the Lord Narasimha Swamy.Narasapur is the oldest town in the West Godavari District, it was recognized as township in 1901. First it s called as ‘Nrusimhapuram’, gradually it changed into ‘Narasimhapuram’, now it is called Narasapur. West Godavari District has three Revenue Division, Eluru, Kovvur, Jangareddygudem and Narasapur and similarly there are two parliamentary constituencies formed as Eluru and Narasapur(formed in 1952) in West Godavari District. Narasapur has an assembly constituency since 1905.

History[edit]

Narsapur in West Godavari District was for a long time not a homogeneous unit and it was under the rule of various dynasties at different periods of time like the district as well as Andhra Pradesh. The dynasties that held sway over the district were the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Salankayanas, Vishnukundins, Western Chalukyas of Badami, Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, Imperial Cholas, Velanati Cholas, Kakatiyas, Gajapatis of Orissa, Qutub Shahis, Mughals and Asaf Jahis.

The existence of Narsapur dates back to 1173 A.D. Dutch people landed in Narsapur in 1626. Narsapur used as a port by the Dutch and ships and boats were built here. The place is famour for settlements of the Dutch and the French and the British took them from the French in 1759. The inscriptions in the Madanagopala Swamy Temple testify to the existence of ships and boats were built here. It was noted for its ship building activity and some of the Europeans also were customers at this place. Even, though big ships are not built, the craft is still kept up here by building small boats. In 16th century, Portuguese established their own factory which remained as a trading centre for few years. In the 18th century,Narsapur became an important trading port. From this port, the forest production like teak was exported to other regions. The ports at Kakinada and Narsapuram became famous for manufacturing ships. At present there is no port handling at Narsapur.Madhavayapalem is celebrated as one of the earliest places where the English established a factory and was famous for its trade in cloth. The trade of town has steadily declined since the abolition of the company's factory in 1827. Before independence, British civilians made imports and exports from Narsapur. They built offices for work; the sites of the old buildings have been carried away by successive encroachments of the river, which makes a very considerable bend opposite the town.[7]

In 1926 the headquarters of the district was shifted from Machilipatnam to Eluru. The new district comprised the Niddadavole, Tadepalligudem, Narsapur, Eluru revenue divisions and in 1961 it consisted of eight taluks grouped under the three revenue divisions such as Eluru, Kovvur and Narspaur revenue divisions.

Geography[edit]

Narasapur is located in North latitude of 16°27'N and East longitudes of 81°44'E and is located on the right bank of Vasista Godavari River.[4] River Godavari empties into Bay of Bengal near Antervedi, at 9.6 km from Narasapur. An oppressive summer season and good seasonal rainfall characterizes the climate and the air is humid through out the year.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 58,770. The total population constitute, 28,796 males and 29,974 females –a sex ratio of 961 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 29,974 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,665 are boys and 2,456 are girls. The average literacy rate stands at 86.24% with 46,266 literates, significantly higher than the district average of 73.00%.[2][8]

Administration and politics[edit]

Politics

Narasapuram is represented by Narasapuram (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Under Narasapuram mandal, the town falls in Narasapuram (Lok Sabha constituency). Bandaru Madhava Naidu is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[9][10][11]

Culture and tourism[edit]

Godavari Pushkaram is celebrated every 12 years in Narasapuram to take a holy dip in the Vasista River (also called the Vasista Godavari).[12] Perupalem Beach, situated at 20 km from Narasapur town.

Education[edit]

Taylor High School is one of the major landmarks in Narsapuram showcasing the Dutch and the British buildings. The high school was founded by British Educationist and local Revenue Officer H. Taylor in 1852, and was later named after him.[13] The ‘manyam veerudu’ (jungle hero) Alluri Sitarama Raju had his schooling in this institution before he led the Rampa rebellion against the British.[14] Chilakamarti Lakshmi Narasimham, a freedom fighter and a noted Telugu litterateur also attended the school.[15]

Transport[edit]

Rail

Narsapur is the Terminal(end) station in west godavari district. The town is well connected to Hyderabad (Narsapur Express,introduced in the year 1979). It is the terminal station in the Vijayawada  – Bhimavaram  – Narsapuram sections of Vijayawada railway division. The depot at Narsapuram undertakes primary maintenance and repairs of 08 express and 09 passenger trains.[16]

Road

APSRTC, the state owned public transport system operated its services to major cities and towns and even to smaller villages from Narsapur. There is a Bus depot at Narsapuram serving to nearby destinations. National Highway 214A starting at Narsapuram and terminating at NH 5 near Ongole which reduces the travel time on the coastal corridor between Kolkata  – Chennai route.

Sea

Narasapur Port (proposed to be developed as minor Port), Fishing harbour and ONGC Jetty.

[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elevation for Narasapuram". Veloroutes. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "Mandal wise villages" (PDF). Revenue Department - AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 9. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 460, 470. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Nagaraja, G (10 October 2012). "Narsapur civic body set to get a voice". The Hindu (Narsapur). Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Edgar Thurston (2011). The Madras Presidency with Mysore, Coorg and the Associated States (reissue ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 25. ISBN 9781107600683. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  7. ^ http://www.godavarimahapushkaram2015.org/about-narasapuram/history/
  8. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "AP Legislature MLAs". AP State Portal. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Tenali Assembly 2014 Election Results". Elections.in. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "DELIMITATION OF PARLIAMENTARY AND ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCIES ORDER, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 22,31. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  12. ^ Hyland, Paul (1994). Indian balm : travels amongst fakirs and fire warriors. London: TPP. p. 52. ISBN 1845110854. Retrieved 24 April 2015. 
  13. ^ "A major landmark fallen on bad days". The Hindu. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2015. 
  14. ^ "Alluri Sita Rama Raju Biography". Baynews. Retrieved 24 April 2015. 
  15. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/a-major-landmark-fallen-on-bad-days/article5965002.ece
  16. ^ "South Central Railway". Scr.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved 2013-12-29. 
  17. ^ http://www.apports.in/in/content/view/47/66/