Narasapuram, West Godavari

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This article is about a town in West Godavari district. For other uses, see Narsapur.
Narasapuram
నరసాపురం
Narsapur, Narasapur
Town
Sunrise at Valandhar revu near Narsapur
Sunrise at Valandhar revu near Narsapur
Narasapuram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Narasapuram
Narasapuram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°26′N 81°41′E / 16.433°N 81.683°E / 16.433; 81.683Coordinates: 16°26′N 81°41′E / 16.433°N 81.683°E / 16.433; 81.683
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District West Godavari
Talukas Narsapur, West Godavari
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 534275
Telephone code 08814

Narasapuram is a Town, Mandal, Municipality and Revenue division in West Godavari District in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the one of the major town on the bank of Vasista Godavari river.[1] It was also headquarters for Narasapuram Assembly Constituency of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly and Narasapuram Lok Sabha Constituency of Indian Parliament.

Etymology[edit]

It was also known as "Nrusimhapuri" and "Abhinava Bhootapuri". Narasapuram was the general usage form of "Narasimhaa Puram", which indicates Lord Lakshmi Narasimha, a Hindu God. Famous temple town Antarvedi is very near to this town and this town named after the Lord of Antarvedi that is Narasimha Swamy.

Geography[edit]

All the way from Nasik to Narasapuram the Godavari River it ends and finally empties into Bay of Bengal called Anthervedi (Bangala Khaatham).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Narsapur had a population of 58, 508. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Narasapuram has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 71%. In Narsapur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Narsapur was famous for the Embarmannerswamy Kovel, Lutheran Church. The modern Christ Lutheran Church( built in 1929) is considered a landmark in the town.

Culture[edit]

The town is a blend of rustic charm and modern amenities. Narasapuram has a unique culture which has been influenced by the many communities that have made it their home. Narasapuram is quite a cosmopolitan town with people of various ethnic groups and faiths living in it. Predominantly Hindu, the town also has a large Christian population. The town was a major center for Lutheran missionary activity in the 18th century. It is famous for its lace handicraft industry. Many families from this town have greatly benefited from the lace industry.

Godavari Pushkaram is celebrated every 12 years in Narasapuram. Many people from the town and nearby villages plus people all the way from abroad and including foreigners take a holy dip in the Vasista River (also called the Vasista Godavari) during Godavari Pushkarams. It is a memorable event. SCR runs special trains to Narsapur from various locations during Godavari Pushkaram.

Tourist places[edit]

Sri Adikesava Embermannar Swamy Temple[3] is among the places of faith and worship located in Narsapuram. Just about 3 km from Narsapur town is the Durga Laxmaneshwara Swamy temple.

Transport[edit]

Railways

The town is well connected to Hyderabad (Narsapur Express,introduced in the year 1979), Vishakapatnam (Simhadri link Express, Passenger), Tirupati (Tirupati Express), Nagarsol (Express), Vijayawada (one Passenger), Rajamundry(two Passengers), Guntur(two Passengers), Nidadavolu (Passenger), Gudivada (Passenger) and Bhimavaram (Passenger) daily.[4] It is the terminal station in the Vijayawada  – Bhimavaram  – Narsapuram sections of Vijayawada railway division. The depot at Narsapuram undertakes primary maintenance and repairs of 08 express and 09 passenger trains.[5]

Roadways

APSRTC, the state owned public transport system operated its services to major cities and towns and even to smaller villages from Narsapur. There is a Bus depot at Narsapuram serving to nearby destinations. National Highway 214A starting at Narsapuram and terminating at NH 5 near Ongole which reduces the travel time on the coastal corridor between Kolkata  – Chennai route.

Lace Industry[edit]

Narasapuram is famous for crochet lace products. The cluster has around 50 exporters who export to major world markets in USA, Europe and Japan. The cluster has around 2 lakh (20 thousand) women artisans doing the lace work. The cluster is located in and around Narsapur. The cluster specialises in lace work and products like doilies, furnishings, garments and tablemats.

History[edit]

Crochet was evolved in 18th century by the local Irish womenfolk. It later became an exclusive delicate art and achieved popularity in Europe and America. Crochet was brought to India in the early 20th century by a missionaries from Scotland. The crochet patterns have an underlying mathematical structure and express delicacy and beauty.[6][citation needed]

In Andhra Pradesh, Narsapur (West Godavari), is a strong quarter for renowned and intricate handmade crocheted lace-work.[7] The simple maidens at Narsapur have evolved abundant numbers of elegant and elaborate designs to seamless perfection.

Narsapur, Mogaltur, Palakollu, Kommuchikkala, Bhimavaram, Tellapudi, Perupalem, Rajolu, Amalapuram, Sakinetipalli, Gannavaram, Malkipuram and regions of west and east Godavari, boast of over 100,000 home-based women artisans engaged in lace product creations. The turnover of the Narsapur lace cluster in 2007-08 was INR 60 crores through exports alone. More than 80% of this artwork is exported to USA, Europe and Japan from Narsapur. Major domestic markets include Mumbai, Delhi, Colcatta and Tirupur.[8][citation needed]

Pan Godavari[edit]

Pan Godavari Lace Facilities and Services Pvt. Ltd. is established under aegis of Development Commissioner (Handicrafts), Ministry of Textiles Government of India under Comprehensive Handicrafts Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS).[9] The Ministry of Textiles has launched the Comprehensive Handicrafts Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS) to scale up the infrastructure and production chain of handicrafts clusters.

The Development Commissioner (Handicrafts), has set upon promoting the Narsapur cluster and is developing an International Marketing Centre at Narsapur as one of the initiatives under the Mega Cluster Scheme.

The objective is to provide a fresh impetus to these long traditional heritage and cultural crafts. Through this program, Pan Godavari supports the up-grading of infrastructure facilities coupled with market links and product diversification. Pan Godavari aims to increase the demand for handicrafts made in & around Nasrasapur and provide a stable marketing platform for the narsapur lace cluster. Pan Godavari will aid artisans, manufacturers and exporters of Narsapur and nearby areas to improve networking, assist in mega building, design-driven marketing requirements, catalogue design, portfolio enhancement, brand development and promotional activities. The International marketing centre will act as a buying agency and will consolidate supplies from various Narsapur based manufacturers and supply to brands/ importers/whole salers/retailers/ stores, etc.

Godavari Delta Women Lace Artisans[edit]

Godavari Delta Women Lace Artisans Co.Op Society [10] is situated in Narspur, on the west bank of the River Godavari. The river ends here and mingles in the sea the Bay of Bengal. Narsapur has been famous for lace making for more than 100 years. Most of the rural and semi urban women who belong to the poor communities make their livelihood by this profession.

Lace making was introduced by a Mrs Macro of Soctland. Over time, the lace artisans were exploited by the middle men, who were interested in money making and not in the lace making. The artisans were paid low wages, but there were large profits in exporting their products. However, there was no certainty that the women would have work round the year, as they were only employed when the middle men/exporters had orders from their buyers. The middlemen had a monopoly in the lace business and exploited the poor artisans. The wages paid by the middlemen were meager and not at all sufficient for their family maintenance.

Mrs Hemalatha gathered the artisans as members and applied for registration form the government as a cooperative cottage Industrial society. The middlemen exporters tried to prevent the registration of the society. Some members went on hunger strike at the premises of the Industries Department at the district headquarters for not registering the society. The matter was also taken to the ministerial level and finally she was successful in getting the society registered on 19 May 1979. The present strength of the society is 610.

Administration[edit]

Narsapur Municipality was formed as a third grade municipality in the year 26/9/1956. Now it is First Grade Municipality(Grade I). Narsapur Municipality area is about 11.32 km2. Narsapur town is located on the bank of the placid waters of the river Vasista Godavari. The Narsapur town which is bounded by Krishna and East Godavari Districts and the Bay of Bengal. About 45.06 KM roads were constructed in the entire Narsapur town. Out of which, 23.197 KM cement road was laid. All the important roads are electrified in Narsapur town. Major roads in Narsapur town are equipped with 250 Watts mercury lights. In Narsapur town, there is 11 lakh gallons of drinking water consumption everyday. This drinking water is being supplied through various sources. About 350 taps were constructed for the public availability. About 272 have been working in Narsapur municipality. As per census of India 2001, Narsapur had a population of 58,508. Males constitute 49% of population and females 51% Narsapur has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the National average of 59.5%, Male literacy is 78% and female literacy 71%. In Narsapur, 11% of population is under 6 years of age.

Water Supply[edit]

There are rafts and boats available at Madhavaipalem Ferry for connecting West and East Godavari districts. Narsapur, is the major town (Kovvur is the second)) on the banks of Godavari in West godavari district. At Narsapur, Godavari having a width of approximately 1 km from Madhavaipalem to the other bank at Sakinetipalli of East godavari district. Launches are run on the River Vasistha Godavri from Narsapur Ferry to Antervedi during the religious fair is held on Bheeshma Ekadasi, which is generally in January or February. Antervedi attracts thousands of people to this usually sleepy village located at the confluence of River Godavari with Bay of Bengal. Lord Narasimha Swamy's Kalyanam is performed on Dasami and Rath yatra was performed on 'Ekadasi day'.[11]

Educational institutions[edit]

Professional Educational Institituons

  • Swarnandhra College of Engineering and Technology (SCET) [12]
  • Swarnandhra Engineering College (SEC) (Formerly Vijetha engineering college)
  • Swarnandhra Institute of Engineering and Technology(SIET)
  • Sri Yerramilli Narayanamurthy College also known as Sri Y N College
  • BGBS Women's College
  • Harshavardhan vocational institution (director of intermediate edu) [13]

Surrounding Hamlets[edit]

  • Bynapalem
  • Chamakuri Palem
  • Chinna Mamidipalli
  • Chinna Sarava
  • Chittavaram
  • Dharbarevu
  • Enuguvanilanka
  • Gondi
  • Journalists Colony
  • Kopparru
  • K.P. Palem
  • D. Laxmanarao
  • L.B. Charla
  • Laxmaneswaram
  • Likhithapudi
  • Madavayapalem
  • Madhya Sarava
  • Mallavaram
  • Mallavaram Pedha Lanka
  • Mamidipalli
  • Navarasapuram
  • Pasaladeevi
  • Pedha Sarava
  • Peetani meraka
  • Perupalem
  • Ponnapalli
  • Rajugarithota
  • Rajullanka
  • Rustumbada
  • Sarava
  • Saripalli
  • Seetharamapuram North
  • Seetharampuram
  • Seetharampuram
  • Sriharipet
  • Vemuladeevi
  • Water Works Road
  • Yerramsetti Varipalem
  • Perupalem Beach

References[edit]