Naryn Province

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Coordinates: 41°30′N 75°30′E / 41.500°N 75.500°E / 41.500; 75.500

Naryn Province
Нарын областы
Нарынская область
Province
Turecká mešita v Kočkoru.jpg
A mosque in Naryn
Country Kyrgyzstan
Capital Naryn
Highest point 5982 m
Area 45,200 km2 (17,452 sq mi)
Population 245,266 (2009)
Density 6 / km2 (16 / sq mi)
Governor Omurbek Suvanaliev
ISO 3166-2 KG-N

Naryn Province (Kyrgyz: Нарын областы) is the largest province (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. It is located in the east of the country and borders with Chuy Province in the north, Issyk Kul Province in the northeast, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China in the southeast, Osh Province in the southwest, and Jalal-Abad Province in the west. Its capital is Naryn. The province was established on November 21, 1939 as Tien-Shan Province. On December 20, 1962 the province was dissolved, but on December 11, 1970 re-established again. On October 5, 1988 it was unified with Issyk-Kul Province, and, finally, on December 14, 1990 it got back its present name: Naryn Province.[1]

The main highway runs from the Chinese border at Torugart Pass north to Balykchy on Issyk Kul Lake. It is known as the location of Son-Kul Lake and Chatyr-Kul Lake and Tash Rabat.

Naryn countryside

The population of Naryn oblast is 99% Kyrgyz. The economy is dominated by animal herding (sheep, horses, yaks), with wool and meat as the main products. Mining of various minerals developed during the Soviet era has largely been abandoned as uneconomical. Today the oblast is considered to be the poorest region in the country, but also the most typically Kirgyz. It boasts beautiful mountains, alpine pastures and Son-Kul Lake which during summer months attracts large herds of sheep and horses with their herders and their yurts.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2009, Naryn Province contained 1 town (Naryn), 2 urban-type settlements, and 134 villages. Its population, according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009 amounted to 245.3 thousand (enumerated de facto population) or 257.8 thousand (de jure population).[2]

Historical populations in Naryn Province
Year Pop. ±%
1970 176,844 —    
1979 213,887 +20.9%
1989 249,416 +16.6%
1999 248,699 −0.3%
2009 245,266 −1.4%
Note: de jure population; Source:[2]

Ethnic composition[edit]

According to the 2009 Census, the ethnic composition of the Naryn Province (de jure population) was:[2]

Ethnic group Population Proportion of Naryn Province population
Kyrgyzs 255,799 99.2%
Uzbeks 568 0.2%
Dungans 429 0.2%
Uygurs 339 0.1%
Kazakhs 215 0.1%
Russians 157 0.1%
other groups 261 0.1%

Basic Socio-Economic Indicators[edit]

  • Employed population: 89,300 (2008) [3]
  • Registered Unemployed Population: 6,922 (2008)[4]
  • Export: 0.9 million US dollars (2008)[5]
  • Import: 4.0 million US dollars (2008) [5]
  • Direct Foreign Investments: 1,1 million US dollars (in 2008)[6]

Districts of Naryn Province[edit]

Naryn Province is divided administratively into 5 districts [7]

Horses grazing near Son-Kul
District Capital
Ak-Talaa District Baetov
At-Bashi District At-Bashi
Jumgal District Chaek
Kochkor District Kochkor
Naryn District Naryn

References[edit]

Laurnnce Mitchell, Kyrgyzstan, Bradt Travel Guides, 2008