- For those with this surname who were not members of this family, see Naryshkin.
The Naryshkin family was a Moscow boyar family. It became allied to the ruling house in 1671 when the great beauty Natalia Naryshkina (daughter of Kirill Poluektovich Naryshkin) married Alexis of Russia, later becoming the mother of Peter the Great. The Naryshkin family was persecuted under the regency of Tsarevna Sophia Alekseyevna of Russia but were then highly favoured by Peter and his descendants and played a major part in Russian life.
Other notable members 
- Kirill Alexeïevitch Narychkine (1670–1723), Commandant of Pskov and of Dorpat 1704 - 1710, commandant of Saint Petersburg 1710 - 1716, governor of Moscow 1716-1719
- Maria Naryshkina (1779–1854), née princesse Sviatopolsk-Tchetvertinsky, mistress of Alexander I of Russia
- Lev Kirillovitch Narychkine
- Alexandre Lvovitch Narychkine, died in Paris in 1826, friend of Paul I of Russia, who called him his 'uncle' - he served simultaneously as grand chamberlain, chancellor and grand marshal of the nobility. He also served for a long time as head of the theatres and attracted the top artists of Europe and particularly France to Russia.
- Alexis Vassilievitch Narychkine (1742–1800), chamberlain from 1773, diplomat, scholar, friend of Denis Diderot, offering him lodging in Alexis's own house during Diderot's stay in Saint Petersburg, at place Saint-Isaac, n° 8.
- Lev Alexandrovitch Narychkine (1785–1846), Russian lieutenant-general, fought in the Napoleonic Wars
- Kirill Alexandrovitch Narychkine, member of the Council of State (1834)
- Alexandre Alexeïevitch Narychkine (1839–1916), member of the Council of State (1906).